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Marcucci, Olivia – Education and Urban Society, 2020
Discipline disproportionality is the overuse of exclusionary discipline, such as suspension and expulsion, on Black students in American schools. This study adds to the literature by examining how parental involvement affects racial disparities in disciplinary outcomes in in-school suspension and by theoretically analyzing how parents' social and…
Descriptors: Parent Participation, Social Capital, Cultural Capital, Disproportionate Representation
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Hung, Man; Smith, William A.; Voss, Maren W.; Franklin, Jeremy D.; Gu, Yushan; Bounsanga, Jerry – Education and Urban Society, 2020
This study examined factors contributing to achievement gaps between White and African American students in 2,868 diverse school districts across the United States. Using pooled data across five school years (2008-2013), six grade levels (grades third to eighth, which typically include students aged 8 years-14 years) and two different subjects…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, White Students, African American Students, Racial Differences
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Garry, Vanessa; Uchitelle, Susan – Education and Urban Society, 2020
In 2003, in an effort to address St. Louis Public Schools' (SLPS') declining enrollment and debt, the interim superintendent closed 16 schools. In 2016, more than a decade since the school closings, the enrollment dwindled from 44,000 students to half that number. This study is an examination of the closed schools to determine if displaced African…
Descriptors: School Closing, African American Students, Program Effectiveness, Socioeconomic Status
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McCardle, Todd – Education and Urban Society, 2020
Situated within scholarly research on tracking, within-school racial segregation, and student career aspirations, this qualitative study examines how three Black students in the mainstream program at a magnet high school in the Southeastern United States discussed their career aspirations. Results indicate that while each participant aspired to…
Descriptors: Occupational Aspiration, African American Students, Magnet Schools, High School Students
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Herberger, Gregory; Immekus, Jason; Ingle, W. Kyle – Education and Urban Society, 2020
In response to the "Meredith v. Jefferson County Board of Education" Supreme Court decision, Jefferson County Public Schools (JCPS) reconfigured the district's race-based student assignment and implemented a race- and socioeconomic-based student assignment plan. Using hierarchical linear multiple regression, this study examined students'…
Descriptors: Neighborhoods, College Readiness, Race, Socioeconomic Background
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Bal, Aydin; Betters-Bubon, Jennifer; Fish, Rachel E. – Education and Urban Society, 2019
Racial minority youth are disproportionally removed from their learning environment due to school discipline and placed in special education for emotional disturbance. These disparities continue to trouble families, educators, and policy makers, particularly within urban schools. Yet there is a paucity of research on how behavioral outcome…
Descriptors: Disproportionate Representation, Emotional Disturbances, Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Elementary School Students
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Cheng, Dorothy A. – Education and Urban Society, 2019
Expulsion and suspension rates among African American students are the highest of all racial groups across elementary, middle, and high schools. This study investigates whether a more racially diverse teaching force could alleviate exclusion rates among Black students. Using administrative data from the universe of K-12 public schools in the state…
Descriptors: Racial Composition, African American Students, Suspension, Expulsion
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Flint, Tori K.; Sheppard, Peter; Tackie, Nii A. – Education and Urban Society, 2019
HEAT, an instructional program emphasizing a nontraditional hands-on approach to algebraic instruction for urban, predominantly African American middle schoolers, provides a space to explore teachers' beliefs about urban students' mathematical abilities and motivation and addresses how teacher perceptions can intersect with instruction, learning,…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Middle School Students, Middle School Teachers, Urban Schools
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Wiggan, Greg; Watson-Vandiver, Marcia J. – Education and Urban Society, 2019
Due to the recent racially motivated killings in Ferguson, Missouri (2014); Staten Island, New York (2014); Cleveland, Ohio (2014); Charleston, South Carolina (2015); Baton Rouge, Louisiana (2016); and Dallas, Texas (2016), racial and ethnic tensions have heightened across the United States. Whereas schools would seem like optimal spaces for…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, Academic Achievement, High Achievement, Student Reaction
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Robert, Catherine; Okilwa, Nathern S. A. – Education and Urban Society, 2019
In 2011, the Office of Civil Rights (OCR) conducted a compliance review of the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD) to examine the district's provision of resources and opportunities to schools with predominantly African American students as compared with schools with predominantly White students. The purpose of this study is to examine the…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, School Districts, Compliance (Legal), African American Students
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Lee, Xzania White; Cunningham, Michael – Education and Urban Society, 2019
The variety of experiences of African American adolescents is still misunderstood and neglected. Empirical and lay reports consistently report that drug use is rampant within African American communities despite the fact that national statistics show that African Americans engage in substance use less than their White counterparts. Thus, the…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Urban Youth, Adolescents, African American Students
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Goss, Adrienne C. – Education and Urban Society, 2019
Parents face varying degrees of difficulty with getting involved in their children's schools. Using data from a study of parent members of a community organization and structuration theory, I examined how and why parents encountered resistance to their attempts to be more involved and to advocate for their children. This work can broaden our…
Descriptors: Parent Participation, Parent School Relationship, Barriers, Advocacy
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Grooms, Ain A. – Education and Urban Society, 2019
Sewall County, located in metropolitan Atlanta, and its public school system experienced significant demographic change between 2000 and 2010. The population doubled, reaching more than 200,000 residents, and its percentage of White residents fell by 25% to just more than 55%. Its public school system is now considered majority-minority. Using the…
Descriptors: Metropolitan Areas, Public Schools, School Districts, Urban Demography
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Carey, Roderick L. – Education and Urban Society, 2018
As educators and service providers in urban schools encourage student college going at higher rates than ever, policy and practice on school improvement discourses would benefit from incorporating students' perspectives underlying family-based, "college-going dilemmas" that frame their college preparation. This qualitative article…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Males, African American Students, Hispanic American Students
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Esposito, Jennifer; Edwards, Erica B. – Education and Urban Society, 2018
The recent death of Amy Joyner, a promising Wilmington, Delaware, high school sophomore demonstrates very clearly the ways in which Black girls are made vulnerable in urban schools. Joyner, an honor roll student, was jumped by a group of girls in the bathroom just before classes began. The alleged cause of the fight was jealousy over a boy. Black…
Descriptors: Femininity, Females, Urban Schools, African American Students
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