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Song, Sue-Yeon – Education and Urban Society, 2020
This study examined the effects of governance in higher education on the changing structures of universities, focusing on three major aspects: the marketization of higher education, new circuits of academic capitalist knowledge, and the quality of higher education. To do so, the study employed time-series-cross-sectional (TSCS) data analysis with…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Governance, Universities, Commercialization
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Martinez, Eligio; Huerta, Adrian H. – Education and Urban Society, 2020
Chicanos/Latinos comprise the largest racial and ethnic population in the U.S. public K-12 schools, yet hold some of the largest rates of academic underperformance in high school and college completion. This study aims at understanding the academic trajectories of five Chicano/Latino males and their decision to enlist in the military after high…
Descriptors: Social Mobility, Hispanic American Students, Underachievement, Decision Making
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De Saxe, Jennifer Gale; Bucknovitz, Sarah; Mahoney-Mosedale, Frances – Education and Urban Society, 2020
Throughout this article, we discuss the neoliberal assault on public education, specifically in the United States, which, through coercive means, is anti-feminist, racist, and classist and demonstrates a deliberate attack on the female-dominated teaching profession. By contextualizing and analyzing education policies through a framework of…
Descriptors: Neoliberalism, Educational Change, Public Education, Racial Bias
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Kumi-Yeboah, Alex; Brobbey, Gordon; Smith, Patriann – Education and Urban Society, 2020
Immigrant students in U.S. educational system experience challenges learning to adapt and integrate into new educational environments. Little is known, however, about factors that facilitate acculturation strategies of immigrant youth from West Africa and how they affect their academic success and challenges faced. Considering the current…
Descriptors: Acculturation, Academic Achievement, Immigrants, Urban Schools
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Marcucci, Olivia – Education and Urban Society, 2020
Discipline disproportionality is the overuse of exclusionary discipline, such as suspension and expulsion, on Black students in American schools. This study adds to the literature by examining how parental involvement affects racial disparities in disciplinary outcomes in in-school suspension and by theoretically analyzing how parents' social and…
Descriptors: Parent Participation, Social Capital, Cultural Capital, Disproportionate Representation
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Khezri, Nashmin; Rezaei, Mehdi; Aram, Mozafarl – Education and Urban Society, 2020
Formal education in Iran, especially higher education, has been a means to smoothen the road to social mobility, provide good jobs, and boost people's earnings. Now, being a university graduate and remaining unemployed is regarded as a challenge. In addition, governments consider this new unemployment a threat to their legitimacy. It seems that…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Gender Differences, Content Analysis, Social Mobility
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Jeynes, William H. – Education and Urban Society, 2020
This meta-analysis of 14 studies examines the relationship between abstinence-only programs and the sexual behavior and--attitudes of urban students from middle school to early in college. The results indicate a significant relationship between abstinence-only programs and the outcomes examined. Abstinence-only programs, as a whole, were…
Descriptors: Sexuality, Student Attitudes, Student Behavior, Health Behavior
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Niazov, Anya – Education and Urban Society, 2020
Despite ongoing reform efforts, academic achievement in the U.S. educational system is declining both on internal measures as well as on international comparative assessments. While students from affluent backgrounds continue to do well academically, there is a growing achievement gap as underprivileged urban students fall further behind. This…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, Educational Change, Achievement Gap, School Effectiveness
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Hung, Man; Smith, William A.; Voss, Maren W.; Franklin, Jeremy D.; Gu, Yushan; Bounsanga, Jerry – Education and Urban Society, 2020
This study examined factors contributing to achievement gaps between White and African American students in 2,868 diverse school districts across the United States. Using pooled data across five school years (2008-2013), six grade levels (grades third to eighth, which typically include students aged 8 years-14 years) and two different subjects…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, White Students, African American Students, Racial Differences
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Garry, Vanessa; Uchitelle, Susan – Education and Urban Society, 2020
In 2003, in an effort to address St. Louis Public Schools' (SLPS') declining enrollment and debt, the interim superintendent closed 16 schools. In 2016, more than a decade since the school closings, the enrollment dwindled from 44,000 students to half that number. This study is an examination of the closed schools to determine if displaced African…
Descriptors: School Closing, African American Students, Program Effectiveness, Socioeconomic Status
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Spiess, Joseph F.; Cooper, Robyn – Education and Urban Society, 2020
As the 4-year high school graduation rate of African American and Latino/a students in U.S. public schools continues to lag behind their White peers, cultural proficiency development has become an increasingly significant focus of school districts. While substantial resources have been committed in school districts across the country to improve…
Descriptors: Beliefs, Cultural Awareness, Gender Differences, Age Differences
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Kim, Sung Won – Education and Urban Society, 2020
Countless meta-analytic studies document the relation between parental involvement and achievement, but they mostly include studies conducted in the United States where parental involvement is framed as a policy issue. This is the first meta-analytic study focusing on East Asian countries characterized by high achievement levels, a comparatively…
Descriptors: Meta Analysis, Parent Participation, High Achievement, Socialization
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McCardle, Todd – Education and Urban Society, 2020
Situated within scholarly research on tracking, within-school racial segregation, and student career aspirations, this qualitative study examines how three Black students in the mainstream program at a magnet high school in the Southeastern United States discussed their career aspirations. Results indicate that while each participant aspired to…
Descriptors: Occupational Aspiration, African American Students, Magnet Schools, High School Students
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Badrkhani, Parisa – Education and Urban Society, 2020
There are large number of students from around the world who are planning to continue their education in the U.S. universities. They have different nationalities, cultural backgrounds, social beliefs, and so on. Moreover, the educators who are from different countries have the special cultures. This is their task to manage the culturally diverse…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Student Diversity, College Faculty
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Kressler, Benikia; Cavendish, Wendy – Education and Urban Society, 2020
Response to intervention (RtI) is touted as an equity-focused provision of special education policy that holds promise for reducing overrepresentation and providing academic opportunities for culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD) students. However, teachers working to implement RtI have encountered complex challenges that stifle equitable…
Descriptors: High School Teachers, Teacher Attitudes, Response to Intervention, Evidence Based Practice
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