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Hung, Man; Smith, William A.; Voss, Maren W.; Franklin, Jeremy D.; Gu, Yushan; Bounsanga, Jerry – Education and Urban Society, 2020
This study examined factors contributing to achievement gaps between White and African American students in 2,868 diverse school districts across the United States. Using pooled data across five school years (2008-2013), six grade levels (grades third to eighth, which typically include students aged 8 years-14 years) and two different subjects…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, White Students, African American Students, Racial Differences
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Wang, Chuang; Fan, Xitao; Pugalee, David K. – Education and Urban Society, 2020
This is a longitudinal study of the change in the academic achievement gap between African American and European American students from elementary to high schools with large administrative data from a school district in the United States. Analysis of variance between eight tracks of students defined by the school environment of isolated schools or…
Descriptors: Racial Composition, Mathematics Achievement, Reading Achievement, Achievement Gap
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Bal, Aydin; Betters-Bubon, Jennifer; Fish, Rachel E. – Education and Urban Society, 2019
Racial minority youth are disproportionally removed from their learning environment due to school discipline and placed in special education for emotional disturbance. These disparities continue to trouble families, educators, and policy makers, particularly within urban schools. Yet there is a paucity of research on how behavioral outcome…
Descriptors: Disproportionate Representation, Emotional Disturbances, Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Elementary School Students
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Cheng, Dorothy A. – Education and Urban Society, 2019
Expulsion and suspension rates among African American students are the highest of all racial groups across elementary, middle, and high schools. This study investigates whether a more racially diverse teaching force could alleviate exclusion rates among Black students. Using administrative data from the universe of K-12 public schools in the state…
Descriptors: Racial Composition, African American Students, Suspension, Expulsion
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Welsh, Richard O. – Education and Urban Society, 2019
Student mobility and school discipline are two prominent challenges in urban school districts. The interaction of gender with school discipline in shaping patterns of student mobility has received little attention. This article examines student mobility patterns across gender and the timing of school changes in Clark County, Nevada. The findings…
Descriptors: Student Mobility, Discipline, Gender Differences, Urban Schools
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Clarke, Frederick C.; Burt, Walter L. – Education and Urban Society, 2019
Charter schools in urban environments have been scrutinized for their effectiveness. This study attempted to determine whether students attending Midwestern urban charter schools outperformed students in traditional schools on the state's accountability system over a 5-year time period. Using a quasi-experimental research design, data were…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Attendance, Urban Schools, Transfer Students
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Ware, Jordan K. – Education and Urban Society, 2019
The effects of poverty on important outcome measures are devastating and well documented, but the conceptualization and operationalization of socioeconomic status (SES) are underdeveloped. Various indicators of SES are useful for different purposes. Free or reduced-price lunch (FRL) status is commonly used because of its convenience and predictive…
Descriptors: Real Estate, Socioeconomic Status, Mathematics Achievement, Low Income Students
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Theriot, Matthew T.; Dupper, David R. – Education and Urban Society, 2010
The transition from elementary to middle school is difficult for many students. However, the association between such transitions and changes in the types and frequencies of student discipline problems has not been adequately investigated. Using data from two school years, infractions and dispositions for all 5th-grade students (N = 4,196) from…
Descriptors: Discipline Problems, Suspension, Behavior Problems, Student Behavior
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Brown, Lionel H.; Beckett, Kelvin S. – Education and Urban Society, 2007
This case study contributes to a small but growing literature on alternative schools for at-risk students. Previous studies have been strong on participant narrative and advice for stakeholders, but have lacked theoretical and historical contextualization and are unlikely to have much impact on school policy. The present study focuses on the…
Descriptors: High Risk Students, School Policy, Parent Participation, Parent School Relationship