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Garry, Vanessa; Uchitelle, Susan – Education and Urban Society, 2020
In 2003, in an effort to address St. Louis Public Schools' (SLPS') declining enrollment and debt, the interim superintendent closed 16 schools. In 2016, more than a decade since the school closings, the enrollment dwindled from 44,000 students to half that number. This study is an examination of the closed schools to determine if displaced African…
Descriptors: School Closing, African American Students, Program Effectiveness, Socioeconomic Status
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Woulfin, Sarah L.; Weiner, Jennie – Education and Urban Society, 2019
Principals are positioned at the center of school improvement. In the United States, current turnaround reforms target the principalship as a key lever for change. This article uses institutional theory to explore the logics of turnaround leadership that steer principals and their work. Specifically, we draw on qualitative interview data from a…
Descriptors: School Turnaround, Principals, Capacity Building, Instructional Leadership
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Feng, Feng-I; Chen, Wei-Lin – Education and Urban Society, 2019
This study examined teacher perceptions of principals' social justice leadership and their effect on teachers' academic optimism in Taiwan, along with the moderating effects of teachers' gender, position, and school size. While a total sample of 1,470 elementary and secondary school teachers were surveyed, this study applied a multidimensional…
Descriptors: Principals, Social Justice, Leadership, Teacher Attitudes
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Dolph, David – Education and Urban Society, 2017
Insofar as urban school systems that are often identified as ineffective include such a large segment of U.S. P-12 students, it is vital to improve academic success. To provide context, the article first discusses key challenges facing urban schools. Second, the article identifies and briefly reviews a variety of approaches to reform models often…
Descriptors: Educational Improvement, Urban Schools, Principals, Educational Change
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Hernandez, Frank; Kose, Brad W. – Education and Urban Society, 2012
Principals' understanding and skills pertaining to diversity are important in leading diverse schools and preparing all students for a democratic and multicultural society. Although educational leadership scholars have theorized about exemplary leadership of and for diversity, a developmental perspective on principals' diversity or cultural…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Instructional Leadership, Principals, Cultural Awareness
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Kose, Brad W. – Education and Urban Society, 2011
Scholars argue or imply that schools should build transformative school visions that promote equity, diversity, and social justice. However, little empirical research has investigated the principal's role in this endeavor or analyzed the practical dimensions of transformative vision statements. This study re-examined relevant data from two…
Descriptors: Social Justice, Principals, Institutional Mission, Best Practices
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Stufft, Derry L.; Brogadir, Rebecca – Education and Urban Society, 2011
As the U.S. population grows more varied, public schools are faced with the challenge of meeting the needs of an increasing population of culturally and linguistically diverse students. Schools in the United States are often the first point of contact for new immigrant students as they work to facilitate their integration and socialization into…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Parent Participation, Immigrants, English (Second Language)
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Pijanowski, John C.; Brady, Kevin P. – Education and Urban Society, 2009
This article examines the salary trajectory of teachers as they move up the career ladder into leadership positions. The issue of compensation is set in the context of a principal shortage that has been widely reported and discussed in the literature. Urban schools are shown to experience the principal shortage differently from rural schools.…
Descriptors: Salaries, Urban Schools, Rural Schools, Occupational Mobility
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Reitzug, Ulrich C.; West, Deborah L.; Angel, Roma – Education and Urban Society, 2008
Instructional leadership has long been advocated as a primary responsibility of principals. What is unclear, however, is the role that instructional leadership plays in the current high-stakes testing era in the daily work lives of principals, how they practice as instructional leaders, and toward what instructional outcomes they strive. This…
Descriptors: High Stakes Tests, Instructional Leadership, Principals, Leadership Responsibility
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Chrispeels, Janet H.; Burke, Peggy H.; Johnson, Peggy; Daly, Alan J. – Education and Urban Society, 2008
School and district effectiveness studies show that high levels of student achievement are possible when schools and the district act as coordinated units of change. There is also a growing recognition that principals cannot lead alone and that school leadership teams (SLTs) are essential to the improvement process. Limited studies have explored…
Descriptors: Schools, Central Office Administrators, School Districts, Relationship
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Theoharis, George – Education and Urban Society, 2008
This article comes from an investigation into the identities and leadership traits of seven urban school principals committed to social justice across elementary, middle, and high school levels. These administrators believed that enacting social justice for marginalized students was instrumental in their desire to become school leaders and central…
Descriptors: Social Justice, Urban Schools, Leadership Responsibility, Principals