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Chung, Il Hwan – Education and Urban Society, 2015
The disparities in achievement among income and racial-ethnic groups of students have long been a major concern of educational policies. Among several identified factors that help explain the student performance gap, this paper focuses on inequity in funding for education among school districts, which resulted from heavy reliance of school…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Finance Reform, Public Schools, State Legislation
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Jeynes, William H. – Education and Urban Society, 2014
The possibility is examined that school choice programs could be a means to reducing the achievement gap. Data based on meta-analytic research and the examination of nationwide data sets suggest that school choice programs that include private schools could reduce the achievement gap by 25%. The propounding of this possibility is based on research…
Descriptors: School Choice, Achievement Gap, Meta Analysis, Private Schools
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Chilton, Bradley; Chwialkowski, Paul – Education and Urban Society, 2014
Is the U.S. Supreme Court inviting litigants to take aim at unraveling injunctions in institutional reform litigation--especially consent decrees in the schools? In "Horne v. Flores" (2009), the court remanded a 17-year-old school reform case to a federal judge with orders to look beyond consent decrees on financing, reducing class…
Descriptors: Court Litigation, Educational Change, Immersion Programs, Bilingual Education
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Ramirez, Al; Siegrist, Michael; Krumholz, Patrick; Rainey, Tracie – Education and Urban Society, 2013
This study investigates the interrelationship of categorical funding mechanisms within the Colorado school finance system for English language learners (ELLs) in an effort to test overall equity of the system in light of an underfunded categorical program. Using several analytical techniques, the study set out to determine the degree to which…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Equal Education, Educational Finance
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Feldmann, Doug; Watson, Timothy James – Education and Urban Society, 2012
This study investigated the recent histories of the urban public school districts of St. Louis, Missouri and Cincinnati, Ohio in the United States of America. The purpose was to identify the similar challenges that each had recently faced in regard to the maintenance and development of its public school systems, as well to gauge the level of…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Community Support, Urban Schools, Urban Areas
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Darden, Edwin C.; Cavendish, Elizabeth – Education and Urban Society, 2012
This article examines the failure of school districts to distribute nonmoney resources--controlled primarily by the board of education--equally among students in affluent neighborhoods versus low-income areas. It is largely an urban phenomenon, although some county-wide and large suburban school systems display similar patterns. Such practices…
Descriptors: Neighborhoods, Suburban Schools, Parent Participation, Academic Achievement
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Houck, Eric A. – Education and Urban Society, 2011
The focus on school-level performance brought about by the No Child Left Behind Act--as well as recent court cases challenging the use of race in student assignment policies--has brought greater attention to the need to for careful study of the allocation of resources within school districts. This paper describes the policy context, reviews key…
Descriptors: Resource Allocation, School Districts, Educational Policy, Educational Equity (Finance)
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Hunter, Richard C. – Education and Urban Society, 2009
This article reviews educational initiatives of state and federal government that were designed to remedy the effects of racial segregation on Black public school students in the United States after the famous "Brown v. Board of Education" decisions. Several policy and legal initiatives are reviewed, including school desegregation,…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, School Restructuring, Privatization, School Desegregation
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Militello, Matthew; Metzger, Scott Alan; Bowers, Alex J. – Education and Urban Society, 2008
This article examines the implications of competition between school districts in a mid-Michigan metropolitan area. Over the 10-year period after Michigan's major school-funding reform in 1994, many urban and suburban districts found themselves competing for per-pupil state funding. Suburban districts need extra students to make up budgetary…
Descriptors: Competition, School Districts, Educational Facilities, Metropolitan Areas
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Johnson, Douglas P. – Education and Urban Society, 2007
Funding streams among impoverished school districts are influenced by interpretations of the constitution regarding educational legislation. Title I, in the current framework of No Child Left Behind (NCLB), has challenges that will affect urban policymakers' ability to serve the increasing Hispanic population entering the public school system.…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Urban Areas, Educational Legislation, Public Schools
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Valverde, Leonard A. – Education and Urban Society, 2004
This article proposes that four major educational developments resulted from the Supreme Court's decision in "Brown v. Board of Education, Topeka": Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title I and Title VII, school finance, affirmative action, and multicultural education. Each of these major efforts was targeted to overcome discriminatory…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Educational Finance, Desegregation Litigation, School Desegregation