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Lee, James D.; Meadan, Hedda; Kang, Veronica Y.; Terol, Adriana Kaori – Education and Treatment of Children, 2023
Naturalistic developmental behavioral interventions (NDBIs) are considered one of the best practices for autistic children and their families. Most NDBIs include a component of providing training and/or coaching to caregivers to enhance skill acquisition and generalization. The procedures to implement these NDBIs are often clearly delineated in…
Descriptors: Intervention, Autism Spectrum Disorders, Behavior Modification, Fidelity
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Jones, Stephanie H.; St. Peter, Claire C.; Williams, Catherine – Education and Treatment of Children, 2023
Noncontingent reinforcement (NCR) is an effective behavioral intervention when implemented consistently. NCR may be particularly well-suited for use in schools because of its perceived ease of use. However, previous laboratory research suggests that NCR may not maintain therapeutic effects if implemented inconsistently. Inconsistent implementation…
Descriptors: Reinforcement, Behavior Modification, Program Effectiveness, Program Implementation
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Aguilar, Marisela; Cooper, Abbie R.; St. Peter, Claire C. – Education and Treatment of Children, 2023
Monitoring the fidelity with which implementers implement behavioral procedures is important, but individuals tasked with monitoring fidelity may have received little training. As a result, their data may be affected by variations in implementers' performance, such as the frequency of fidelity errors. To determine the extent to which the frequency…
Descriptors: Fidelity, Data Collection, Accuracy, Behavior
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Bergmann, Samantha; Niland, Haven; Gavidia, Valeria Laddaga; Strum, Marcus D.; Harman, Michael J. – Education and Treatment of Children, 2023
Procedural fidelity is the extent to which an intervention is implemented as designed and is an important component of research and practice. There are multiple ways to measure procedural fidelity, and few studies have explored how procedural fidelity varies based on the method of measurement. The current study compared adherence to discrete-trial…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Fidelity, Intervention, Program Implementation
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Dueker, Scott A.; Desai, Vanessa M. – Education and Treatment of Children, 2023
At present, treatment fidelity measures are reported mostly in research. Little is known about the measurement of fidelity in practical application. This project surveyed those providing behavioral services to determine familiarity and attitudes toward using treatment fidelity measures in clinical application. Respondents were familiar with and…
Descriptors: Fidelity, Health Services, Familiarity, Mental Health
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Kranak, Michael P.; Falligant, John Michael – Education and Treatment of Children, 2023
In the context of problem behavior, treatment integrity refers to the extent to which a behavioral intervention is implemented as intended. Treatment-integrity errors may lead to relapse of problem behavior. For example, omitting reinforcers can lead to increases in problem behavior called resurgence. Researchers have previously described the…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Behavior Modification, Outcomes of Treatment, Integrity
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Groves, Emily A.; Najafichaghabouri, Milad; Seel, Christopher J.; Fischer, Sara; Thomas, Carys; Joslyn, P. Raymond – Education and Treatment of Children, 2023
Group contingencies (GCs) are an effective intervention for improving student outcomes in general education school settings but their use in alternative education has historically been limited. However, researchers have recently begun to build a substantial literature base demonstrating the potential of GCs in alternative education. This is…
Descriptors: Nontraditional Education, Intervention, Contingency Management, Program Effectiveness
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Garcia-Salas, Miguel; Wood, Carla; Wanzek, Jeanne; Schatschneider, Christopher – Education and Treatment of Children, 2023
This study aimed to describe 2nd-grade teachers' use of different forms of praise during English Language Arts (ELA) instruction and examine if teacher characteristics were associated with differences in the use of different types of praise. Investigators recorded 2nd-grade teachers' language use during randomly selected, 15-min excerpts (n = 912)…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Grade 2, Language Arts, Positive Reinforcement
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Shannon, Eric N.; Kang, Sungwoo; Martella, Amedee Marchand; Richards, Charissa D.; Martella, Ronald C. – Education and Treatment of Children, 2023
Caregiver-mediated interventions have been used to address social communication and challenging behavior in young children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and caregiver adherence to programs has predicted child outcomes (Strauss et al., 2012). Recent reviews have summarized the literature on caregiver training interventions based on the…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Caregiver Training, Children, Autism Spectrum Disorders
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Kraljic, Elizabeth A.; Sidener, Tina M.; Reeve, Sharon A.; Reeve, Kenneth F.; Mastrogiacomo, Lori Bechner; Callahan, Ashley – Education and Treatment of Children, 2023
Studies employing multiple-schedule arrangements to bring social approaches (e.g., requesting attention, raising hand) under stimulus control have commonly used correlated contrived, continuous stimuli with at least one condition (e.g., displaying a green stimulus when attention is available and a red stimulus when it is not). Although imposing…
Descriptors: Special Education, Standards, Adolescents, Written Language
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Cariveau, Tom; Ellington, Paige; Brown, Alexandria; Platt, Delanie F. – Education and Treatment of Children, 2023
Previous research on training auditory-visual conditional discriminations (AVCDs) have compared several prompt types including gestural, positional, and identity-matching prompts. Other prompting procedures, such as those that involve the manipulation of the comparison array, have received less attention in the applied literature. For example, the…
Descriptors: Auditory Discrimination, Visual Discrimination, Training, Conditioning
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Kestner, Kathryn M.; Finch, Kacey R.; Kolb, Rebecca L. – Education and Treatment of Children, 2023
In behavior-analytic clinical work and research, opportunities for choice can be arranged as an independent variable, and response allocation among choice options can be measured as a dependent variable (i.e., engaging in one response given two or more concurrently available options). Choice-based interventions provide behavior analysts with tools…
Descriptors: Intervention, Decision Making, Reinforcement, Child Behavior
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Romani, Patrick W.; Young, Kelsey; Boorse, Andrea L.; Carson, Brooke – Education and Treatment of Children, 2023
In the current study we used telehealth to train six educators from three rural schools to conduct multiple stimulus without replacement (MSWO) preference assessments. Three of the educators were subsequently trained to implement functional analysis (FA) of problem behavior. Behavioral skills training (BST) was used to teach each educator to…
Descriptors: Program Evaluation, Telecommunications, Medicine, Videoconferencing
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Edelstein, Matthew L.; Lenfestey, Sydney Pippin – Education and Treatment of Children, 2023
The current study outlines the successful behavioral assessment and treatment of compulsive behaviors in a high-functioning adolescent with autism. After a functional assessment suggested that compulsive behavior was maintained by both social--negative and social--positive reinforcement, we demonstrated effects of functional communication…
Descriptors: Functional Behavioral Assessment, Anxiety Disorders, Autism Spectrum Disorders, Social Reinforcement
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Kastner, Kendall M.; Tiger, Jeffrey H.; Gifford, Margaret R. – Education and Treatment of Children, 2023
As a treatment for escape-maintained problem behavior, differential reinforcement of alternative behavior (DRA) is typically initiated by reinforcing compliance on a dense reinforcement schedule. This work schedule is then progressively thinned such that the individual is required to complete more work, up to some socially acceptable terminal…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Reinforcement, Developmental Disabilities, Behavior Problems
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