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Cowen, Joshua – Education Policy Center at Michigan State University, 2016
I provide a new, systematic profile of more than 18,000 homeless students in Michigan, utilizing rich administrative data from all test-taking students in grades 3-9 during the 2010-11, 2011-12 and 2012-13 school years. These data are part of a larger study of school choice and student mobility in that state. Homelessness is a condition found…
Descriptors: Homeless People, Student Mobility, Academic Achievement, Elementary Secondary Education
Mason, Mary L.; Reckhow, Sarah – Education Policy Center at Michigan State University, 2016
State takeovers were an infrequently applied strategy to address the problems of financially and academically troubled schools for many decades. Although 23 states had the right to take over individual schools and No Child Left Behind (NCLB) required states to address persistently low-achieving schools, only five states had exercised their power…
Descriptors: Educational History, United States History, State Government, Natural Disasters
Bezem, Pablo; Cogan, Leland S. – Education Policy Center at Michigan State University, 2016
The purpose of this annotated bibliography was to inform an effort to create instruments that would yield indicators of the extent to which the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics or similar standards are implemented in classroom instruction. Reviewed here are instruments reflecting: coverage of classroom content, use of specific…
Descriptors: Common Core State Standards, Mathematics Instruction, Teaching Methods, Textbooks
Imberman, Scott; Lovenheim, Michael F. – Education Policy Center at Michigan State University, 2015
Value-added data have become an increasingly common evaluation tool for schools and teachers. Many school districts have begun to adopt these methods and have released results publicly. In this paper, we use the unique public release of value-added data in Los Angeles to identify how this measure of school quality is capitalized into housing…
Descriptors: Value Added Models, Housing, Teacher Influence, Evaluation Methods
Arsen, David; DeLuca, Thomas A.; Ni, Yongmei; Bates, Michael – Education Policy Center at Michigan State University, 2015
Like other states, Michigan has implemented a number of policies to change governance and administrative arrangements in local school districts deem to be in financial emergency. This paper examines two questions: (1) Which districts get into financial trouble and why?; and (2) Among fiscally distressed districts, are there significant differences…
Descriptors: School Districts, Educational Finance, School District Wealth, School Choice
Imberman, Scott; Naretta, Michael; O'Rourke, Margaret – Education Policy Center at Michigan State University, 2015
While prior research has found clear impacts of schools and school quality on property values, little is known about whether charter schools have similar effects. Using sale price data for residential properties in Los Angeles County from 2008 to 2011 we estimate the neighborhood level impact of charter schools on housing prices. Using an…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Housing, Educational Quality, School Districts
Cowen, Joshua; Creed, Benjamin; Keesler, Venessa – Education Policy Center at Michigan State University, 2015
This paper considers the determinants of student participation in Michigan's large inter-district open enrollment system, known as Schools of Choice (SoC). Employing a rich dataset from the Michigan Department of Education, we examine the population of public school students in resident and non-resident school districts between the 2005-06 and…
Descriptors: Student Participation, Open Enrollment, Public Schools, School Choice
Guarino, Cassandra M.; Maxfield, Michelle; Reckase, Mark D.; Thompson, Paul; Wooldridge, Jeffrey M. – Education Policy Center at Michigan State University, 2014
Empirical Bayes' (EB) estimation is a widely used procedure to calculate teacher value-added. It is primarily viewed as a way to make imprecise estimates more reliable. In this paper we review the theory of EB estimation and use simulated data to study its ability to properly rank teachers. We compare the performance of EB estimators with that of…
Descriptors: Teacher Evaluation, Bayesian Statistics, Comparative Analysis, Teacher Effectiveness
Guarino, Cassandra M.; Reckase, Mark D.; Stacy, Brian W.; Wooldridge, Jeffrey M. – Education Policy Center at Michigan State University, 2014
We study the properties of two specification tests that have been applied to a variety of estimators in the context of value-added measures (VAMs) of teacher and school quality: the Hausman test for choosing between random and fixed effects and a test for feedback (sometimes called a "falsification test"). We discuss theoretical…
Descriptors: Achievement Gains, Evaluation Methods, Teacher Effectiveness, Educational Quality
Guarino, Cassandra M.; Reckase, Mark D.; Stacy, Brian W.; Wooldridge, Jeffrey M. – Education Policy Center at Michigan State University, 2014
School districts and state departments of education frequently must choose between a variety of methods to estimating teacher quality. This paper examines under what circumstances the decision between estimators of teacher quality is important. We examine estimates derived from student growth percentile measures and estimates derived from commonly…
Descriptors: Teacher Influence, Teacher Competencies, Teacher Effectiveness, Achievement Gains
Schmidt, William H.; Cogan, Leland S. – Education Policy Center at Michigan State University, 2014
Assessments of U.S. students typically reveal stronger performance in science than mathematics yet their science performance remains uninspiring at best. Whether the metric considered is an international benchmark from TIMSS or PISA or the nation's NAEP report card, the mediocre portrait of U.S. science achievement has remained virtually unchanged…
Descriptors: Science Achievement, Museums, Urban Areas, Public Schools
Reckhow, Sarah; Grossmann, Matt; Evans, Benjamin Chung – Education Policy Center at Michigan State University, 2014
Charter schools have generated support from politicians in both major American political parties, while stimulating intense debate among interest groups. We investigate whether and how public attitudes come to mirror interest group polarization or politician consensus in order to understand what drives public attitudes as policy debates mature and…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Public Opinion, Political Influences, Political Issues
Cowen, Joshua; Strunk, Katharine O. – Education Policy Center at Michigan State University, 2014
In this paper we consider more than three decades of research on teachers' unions in the United States. Focusing on unions' role in shaping education policy, we argue that collective bargaining and political organizing comprise the two central but distinct forms of influence at the district, state and national levels of decision-making. We note…
Descriptors: Unions, Educational Policy, Correlation, Collective Bargaining
Mason, Mary L.; Arsen, David – Education Policy Center at Michigan State University, 2014
As the City of Detroit emerges from municipal bankruptcy, the imperative for school improvement takes on an urgency rarely witnessed in a U.S. city. If the city is to experience the redevelopment boom that many now anticipate, its public schools must improve. While a variety of different reform strategies are possible, the establishment of a…
Descriptors: Public Education, Alignment (Education), Educational Policy, Urban Schools
Frank, Kenneth – Education Policy Center at Michigan State University, 2014
This study concerns how intra-organizational networks affect the implementation of policies and practices in organizations. In particular, we attend to the role of the informal subgroup or clique in cultivating and distributing locally adapted and integrated knowledge, or know-how. We develop two hypotheses based on the importance of…
Descriptors: Social Networks, Hypothesis Testing, Educational Policy, Social Systems
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