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Zehner, Fabian; Goldhammer, Frank; Lubaway, Emily; Sälzer, Christine – Education Inquiry, 2019
In 2015, the "Programme for International Student Assessment" (PISA) introduced multiple changes in its study design, the most extensive being the transition from paper- to computer-based assessment. We investigated the differences between German students' text responses to eight reading items from the paper-based study in 2012 to text…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, International Assessment, Secondary School Students
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Gogolin, Ingrid – Education Inquiry, 2011
Children and youth at risk are a major challenge facing education systems in Europe. Some systems seem to be mastering this challenge better than others. Observations of the educational fate of immigrant minority children can shed light on the efficiency and performance of European education systems with respect to their ability to deal with…
Descriptors: Immigrants, Foreign Countries, Disadvantaged Youth, Children