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Guarino, Cassandra M.; Reckase, Mark D.; Wooldridge, Jeffrey M. – Education Finance and Policy, 2015
We investigate whether commonly used value-added estimation strategies produce accurate estimates of teacher effects under a variety of scenarios. We estimate teacher effects in simulated student achievement data sets that mimic plausible types of student grouping and teacher assignment scenarios. We find that no one method accurately captures…
Descriptors: Teacher Evaluation, Teacher Effectiveness, Achievement Gains, Merit Rating
Scott-Clayton, Judith; Rodriguez, Olga – Education Finance and Policy, 2015
Half of all college students will enroll in remedial coursework but evidence of its effectiveness is mixed. Using a regression-discontinuity design with data from a large urban community college system, we make three contributions. First, we articulate three alternative hypotheses regarding the potential impacts of remediation. Second, in addition…
Descriptors: College Programs, Remedial Programs, Educational Policy, Evidence
Kraft, Matthew A. – Education Finance and Policy, 2015
Evidence on the effect of extending the school day is decidedly mixed because of the stark differences in how schools use additional time. In this paper, I focus narrowly on the effect of additional time used for individualized tutorials. In 2005, MATCH Charter Public High School integrated two hours of tutorials throughout an extended day. The…
Descriptors: Tutorial Programs, Integrated Activities, Individualized Instruction, High School Students
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Dougherty, Shaun M. – Education Finance and Policy, 2015
Strong literacy skills are crucial to ensuring an individual's future educational and economic success. Existing evidence suggests the transition from elementary to middle school is a decisive period for literacy development. In this paper I investigate the impact of extended learning time in literacy instruction on subsequent cognitive outcomes.…
Descriptors: Literacy, Literacy Education, Outcomes of Education, Middle School Students
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Routon, P. Wesley; Walker, Jay K. – Education Finance and Policy, 2015
Using data from a longitudinal survey of college students from over 400 institutions, we examine the impacts of occupational internship programs and voluntary academic leave on returning academic achievement, post-college ambitions, and general facets of the college experience. Previous literature on college internships has focused on labor market…
Descriptors: College Students, Student Surveys, Longitudinal Studies, Internship Programs
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Darolia, Rajeev – Education Finance and Policy, 2015
Student loan debt and defaults have been steadily rising, igniting public worry about the associated public and private risks. This has led to controversial regulatory attempts to curb defaults by holding colleges, particularly those in the for-profit sector, increasingly accountable for the student loan repayment behavior of their students. Such…
Descriptors: Debt (Financial), Loan Default, Student Loan Programs, Loan Repayment
Martorell, Paco; McFarlin, Isaac, Jr.; Xue, Yu – Education Finance and Policy, 2015
About one third of college students are required to take remedial courses. Assignment to remediation is generally made on the basis of performance on a placement exam. When students are required to take a placement exam "prior" to enrolling in college-level courses, assignment to remediation may dissuade students from actually going to…
Descriptors: Academic Failure, Student Placement, College Entrance Examinations, Remedial Programs
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Chingos, Matthew M.; Whitehurst, Grover J.; Gallaher, Michael R. – Education Finance and Policy, 2015
School districts are a focus of education reform efforts in the United States, but there is very little existing research about how important they are to student achievement. We fill this gap in the literature using 10 years of student-level, statewide data on fourth- and fifth-grade students in Florida and North Carolina. A variance decomposition…
Descriptors: School Districts, Academic Achievement, Grade 4, Grade 5
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Anderson, D. Mark; Walker, Mary Beth – Education Finance and Policy, 2015
School districts use a variety of policies to close budget gaps and stave off teacher layoffs and furloughs. More schools are implementing four-day school weeks to reduce overhead and transportation costs. The four-day week requires substantial schedule changes as schools must increase the length of their school day to meet minimum instructional…
Descriptors: School Schedules, Board of Education Policy, Educational Finance, Budgeting
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Özek, Umut – Education Finance and Policy, 2015
Test-based accountability has become the new norm in public education over the last decade. In many states and school districts nationwide, student performance on standardized tests plays an important role in high-stakes decisions, such as grade retention. This study examines the effects of grade retention on student misbehavior in Florida, which…
Descriptors: Grade Repetition, Educational Policy, Student Behavior, Behavior Problems
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Baker, Bruce D.; Libby, Ken; Wiley, Kathryn – Education Finance and Policy, 2015
This article explores whether two popular policy initiatives are compatible or conflicting strategies for enhancing educational equality in diverse large urban centers. These two initiatives are (1) charter school expansion and (2) improvement of resource equity across urban public school systems through policies often referred to as weighted…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Urban Areas, Urban Schools, Educational Resources
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Koedel, Cory; Parsons, Eric; Podgursky, Michael; Ehlert, Mark – Education Finance and Policy, 2015
We compare teacher preparation programs in Missouri based on the effectiveness of their graduates in the classroom. The differences in effectiveness between teachers from different preparation programs are much smaller than has been suggested in previous work. In fact, virtually all of the variation in teacher effectiveness comes from…
Descriptors: Teacher Education Programs, Teacher Effectiveness, Comparative Analysis, College Graduates
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Kraft, Matthew A. – Education Finance and Policy, 2015
Most teacher layoffs during the Great Recession were implemented following inverse-seniority policies. In this paper, I examine the implementation of a discretionary layoff policy in Charlotte Mecklenburg Schools. Administrators did not uniformly lay off the most or least senior teachers but instead selected teachers who were previously retired,…
Descriptors: Job Layoff, Teacher Effectiveness, Academic Achievement, Teacher Characteristics
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Chingos, Matthew M.; West, Martin R. – Education Finance and Policy, 2015
Since 2002, public school teachers in Florida have been permitted to choose between a defined benefit (DB) and a defined contribution (DC) retirement plan. We exploit this unique policy environment to study new teachers' revealed preferences over pension plan structures. Roughly 30 percent of teachers hired between 2003 and 2008 selected the DC…
Descriptors: Public School Teachers, Retirement Benefits, Selection, Preferences
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Di Pietro, Giorgio – Education Finance and Policy, 2015
Using data on a large sample of recent Italian graduates, this paper investigates the extent to which participation in study abroad programs during university studies impacts subsequent employment likelihood. To address the problem of endogeneity related to participation in study abroad programs, I use a combination of fixed effects and…
Descriptors: Study Abroad, Employment Potential, College Graduates, Student Participation
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