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Master, Benjamin; Sun, Min; Loeb, Susanna – Education Finance and Policy, 2018
Policy makers and school leaders are perennially concerned with the capacity of the nation's public schools to recruit and retain highly skilled teachers. Over the past two decades, policy strategies including the federal No Child Left Behind Act and alternative pathways to teaching, as well as changes in the broader labor market, have altered the…
Descriptors: Job Satisfaction, Diversity (Faculty), Teacher Recruitment, Beginning Teachers
Blazar, David – Education Finance and Policy, 2018
There is growing interest among researchers, policy makers, and practitioners in identifying teachers who are skilled at improving student outcomes beyond test scores. However, questions remain about the validity of these teacher effect estimates. Leveraging the random assignment of teachers to classes, I find that teachers have causal effects on…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Student Behavior, Teacher Influence, Outcomes of Education
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Gershenson, Seth; Jacknowitz, Alison; Brannegan, Andrew – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
Student absences are a potentially important, yet understudied, input in the educational process. Using longitudinal data from a nationally representative survey and rich administrative records from North Carolina, we investigate the relationship between student absences and academic performance. Generally, student absences are associated with…
Descriptors: Attendance Patterns, Kindergarten, Elementary School Students, Early Childhood Education
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Cho, Donghun; Cho, Joonmo – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
Students' different standards may yield different kinds of bias, such as self-directed (higher than their past performance) bias and peer-directed (higher than their classmates) bias. Utilizing data obtained from a natural experiment where some students were able to see their grades prior to teacher evaluations, and to investigate possible sources…
Descriptors: Grade Point Average, Academic Standards, Bias, Student Evaluation of Teacher Performance
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Ladd, Helen F.; Sorensen, Lucy C. – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
Sorensen (corresponding author) Rockefeller College of Public Affairs and Policy University of Albany SUNY Albany, NY 12222 lsorensen@albany.edu Abstract We use rich longitudinally matched administrative data on students and teachers in North Carolina to examine the patterns of differential effectiveness by teachers' years of experience. The paper…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Teaching Experience, Middle School Teachers, Tests
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Goldhaber, Dan; Grout, Cyrus; Huntington-Klein, Nick – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
Despite their widespread use, there is little academic evidence on whether applicant selection instruments can improve teacher hiring. We examine the relationship between two screening instruments used by Spokane Public Schools to select classroom teachers and three teacher outcomes: value added, absences, and attrition. We observe all applicants…
Descriptors: Predictive Validity, Admission (School), Public Schools, Selection Tools
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Figlio, David; Karbownik, Krzysztof; Salvanes, Kjell – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
Thanks to extraordinary and exponential improvements in data storage and computing capacities, it is now possible to collect, manage, and analyze data in magnitudes and in manners that would have been inconceivable just a short time ago. As the world has developed this remarkable capacity to store and analyze data, so have the world's governments…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Data, Information Utilization, Management Information Systems
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Crispin, Laura M. – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
I estimate the effect of extracurricular participation on the high school dropout decision with a particular focus on at-risk students. Using a sample of tenth grade students from the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988, I jointly estimate the dropout and participation decisions (including extracurricular offerings per student), and…
Descriptors: High School Students, At Risk Students, Extracurricular Activities, Student Participation
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Moussa, Wael S. – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
High school graduation rates are a central policy topic in the United States and have been shown to be stagnant for the past three decades. Using student-level administrative data from New York City Public Schools, I examine the impact of compulsory school attendance on high school graduation rates and grade attainment, focusing the analysis on…
Descriptors: Compulsory Education, Graduation Rate, High School Students, Grade 9
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Anderson, Patricia M.; Butcher, Kristin F.; Schanzenbach, Diane Whitmore – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
This paper investigates how accountability pressures under No Child Left Behind (NCLB) may have affected students' rate of overweight. Schools facing pressure to improve academic outcomes may reallocate their efforts in ways that have unintended consequences for children's health. To examine the impact of school accountability, we create a unique…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Obesity, Accountability
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Ballou, Dale; Springer, Matthew G. – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) has been criticized for encouraging schools to neglect students whose performance exceeds the proficiency threshold or lies so far below it that there is no reasonable prospect of closing the gap during the current year. We examine this hypothesis using longitudinal data from 2002-03 through 2005-06. Our…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Accountability, Achievement Gains
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Paredes, Valentina – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
Several papers have proposed that the grading system affects students' incentives to exert effort. In particular, the previous literature has compared student effort under relative and absolute grading systems, but the results are mixed and the implications of the models have not been empirically tested. In this paper, I build a model where…
Descriptors: Grading, Student Motivation, Incentives, College Students
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Grissom, Jason A.; Loeb, Susanna – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
Teacher effectiveness varies substantially, yet principals' evaluations of teachers often fail to differentiate performance among teachers. We offer new evidence on principals' subjective evaluations of their teachers' effectiveness using two sources of data from a large, urban district: principals' high-stakes personnel evaluations of teachers,…
Descriptors: Principals, Teacher Evaluation, Teacher Effectiveness, Urban Schools
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Feng, Li; Sass, Tim R. – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
There is growing concern among policy makers over the quality of the teacher workforce in general, and the distribution of effective teachers across schools. The impact of teacher attrition on overall teacher quality will depend on the effectiveness of teachers who leave the profession. Likewise, teacher turnover may alleviate or worsen inequities…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Faculty Mobility, Incidence, Teaching Experience
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Diris, Ron – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
This study analyzes the effect of age-based retention on school achievement at different stages of education. I estimate an instrumental variable model, using the predicted probability of retention given month of birth as an instrument, while simultaneously accounting for the effect of month of birth on maturity at the time of testing. The…
Descriptors: Grade Repetition, Academic Achievement, Models, Probability
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