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Davis, Matthew; Heller, Blake – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
Although it is well known that certain charter schools dramatically increase students' standardized test scores, there is considerably less evidence that these human capital gains persist into adulthood. To address this matter, we match three years of lottery data from a high-performing charter high school to administrative college enrollment…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, High Schools, Urban Schools, Enrollment
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Grissom, Jason A.; Bartanen, Brendan – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
Research demonstrates the importance of principal effectiveness for school performance and the potentially negative effects of principal turnover. However, we have limited understanding of the factors that lead principals to leave their schools or about the relative effectiveness of those who stay and those who turn over. We investigate the…
Descriptors: Principals, Administrator Effectiveness, Labor Turnover, Promotion (Occupational)
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LiCalsi, Christina; Ozek, Umut; Figlio, David – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
Educational accountability policies are a popular tool to close the achievement gaps between advantaged and disadvantaged students. However, these policies may exacerbate inequality if families from advantaged backgrounds are better able to advocate for their children and thus circumvent policy. We investigate this possibility in the context of…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Grade Repetition, Mothers, Educational Attainment
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Clotfelter, Charles T.; Hemelt, Steven W.; Ladd, Helen F. – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
We explore the effects of a statewide policy change that increased the number of high school math courses required for admission to four-year public universities in North Carolina. Using data on cohorts of eighth-grade students from 1999 to 2006, we exploit variation by district over time in the math course-taking environment encountered by…
Descriptors: College Admission, Admission Criteria, Secondary School Mathematics, Public Colleges
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Page, Lindsay C.; Iriti, Jennifer E.; Lowry, Danielle J.; Anthony, Aaron M. – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
Place-based promise scholarships are a relatively recent innovation in the space of college access and success. Although evidence on the impact of some of the earliest place-based scholarships has begun to emerge, the rapid proliferation of promise programs largely has preceded empirical evidence of their impact. We utilize regression…
Descriptors: Scholarships, Student Financial Aid, College Students, Educational Attainment
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Marcotte, Dave E. – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
I use nationally representative data from the Education Longitudinal Survey (ELS) to update the literature on returns to community college education. I compare the experiences of the ELS cohort that graduated high school in 2004 with those of the National Education Longitudinal Survey (NELS) cohort that graduated high school more than a decade…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Outcomes of Education, Longitudinal Studies, National Surveys
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Rosinger, Kelly Ochs – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
Recent policy and research efforts have focused on simplifying the college-going process, improving transparency around college costs, and helping students make informed decisions. In 2012, the Obama administration released the "shopping sheet," a standardized financial aid offer that is intended to provide students with simplified…
Descriptors: Student Financial Aid, Enrollment Influences, Paying for College, Student Loan Programs
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Ringo, Daniel – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
Parents in the United States frequently supplement the student loans available to their children by cosigning on a loan, borrowing against their home equity, or with unsecured debt in their own names. This paper investigates whether some students are constrained from attending and completing college by their parents' lack of access to credit…
Descriptors: Credit (Finance), College Attendance, Educational Attainment, Parent Child Relationship
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Andrietti, Vincenzo; Su, Xuejuan – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
This paper uses a quasi-natural policy experiment in Germany, the G8 reform, to examine the impact of schooling intensity on student learning. The G8 reform compresses secondary school for academic-track students from nine to eight years, while holding fixed the overall academic content and total instruction time required for graduation, resulting…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Secondary Education, Educational Change, Academic Education
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Bastian, Kevin C. – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
In the present study I use teacher value added and evaluation rating data from North Carolina public schools to estimate the signaling and human capital effects of graduate degrees. These analyses consider the effects of graduate degrees, overall, and the effects of graduate degrees inside and outside teachers' area(s) of teaching. Signaling…
Descriptors: Value Added Models, Teacher Evaluation, Public School Teachers, Graduate Study
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Conzelmann, Johnathan G.; Lacy, T. Austin; Smith, Nichole D. – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
Students increasingly borrow money to attend postsecondary education. Yet, little attention in the literature has been paid to the repayment of student loans, aside from failure indicators like default. This study examines a nationally representative sample of bachelor's degree recipients and the time it takes to reach different repayment…
Descriptors: Loan Repayment, Student Loan Programs, College Graduates, Federal Aid
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Elsayed, Mahmoud A. A. – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
This paper uses a natural experiment from Egypt to examine the effect of extending compulsory schooling on long-term educational and labor market outcomes. Beginning in school year 2004-05, the Egyptian government extended primary education from five to six years, moving from an eight-year compulsory schooling system to a nine-year system. Using a…
Descriptors: Compulsory Education, Outcomes of Education, Education Work Relationship, Educational Change
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Costrell, Robert M.; McGee, Josh – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
The value of pension benefits varies widely, by a teacher's age of entry and exit. This variation is masked by the uniform rate of annual contributions, as a percent of pay, to fund benefits for all. For the first time, we unmask that variation by calculating annual costs at the individual level. In California, we find that the value of a…
Descriptors: Retirement Benefits, Teacher Characteristics, Costs, Fringe Benefits
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Evans, William N.; Schwab, Robert M.; Wagner, Kathryn L. – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
We examine the impact of the Great Recession on public education finance and employment. Five major themes emerge from our work. First, nearly 300,000 school employees lost their jobs. Second, schools that were heavily dependent financially on state governments were particularly vulnerable to the recession. Third, local revenues from the property…
Descriptors: Economic Climate, Public Education, Educational Finance, Employment
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Miller, Luke C.; Bassok, Daphna – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
Nationwide, the percentage of four-year-olds enrolled in state-supported preschool programs has more than doubled since the early 2000s as states dramatically increased their investments in early childhood education. Florida's Voluntary Pre-kindergarten Program (VPK), which began in 2005, has been a national leader with respect to preschool…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Preschool Education, Grade Repetition, Preschool Children
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