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Bastian, Kevin C.; Fortner, C. Kevin – Education Finance and Policy, 2020
Whereas subject-area specialization is common practice in secondary grades, little is known about its incidence and impact in elementary schools. In this study we use data from North Carolina elementary schools to assess which teachers specialize and estimate whether specialization is associated with teacher effectiveness and school achievement.…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Specialization, Teacher Effectiveness, Academic Achievement
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Özek, Umut; Xu, Zeyu – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
The federal Race to the Top competition provided significant impetus for states to adopt value-added models as a part of their teacher evaluation systems. Such models typically link students to their teachers in the spring semester when statewide tests are administered and estimate a teacher's performance based on his or her students' learning…
Descriptors: Teacher Evaluation, Value Added Models, Misconceptions, Attribution Theory
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Candelaria, Christopher A.; Shores, Kenneth A. – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
We provide new evidence about the effect of court-ordered finance reforms that took place between 1989 and 2010 on per-pupil revenues and graduation rates. We account for heterogeneity in the treated and counterfactual groups to estimate the effect of overturning a state's finance system. Seven years after reform, the highest poverty quartile in a…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Finance Reform, Expenditure per Student, Graduation Rate
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Ruijs, Nienke; Oosterbeek, Hessel – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
Using discrete choice models, this paper investigates the determinants of secondary school choice in the city of Amsterdam. In this city, there are many schools to choose from and school choice is virtually unrestricted (no catchment areas, low or no tuition fees, short distances). We find that school choice is related to exam grades and the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, School Choice, Grades (Scholastic), Student Characteristics
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Acerenza, Santiago; Gandelman, Néstor – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
This paper characterizes household spending in education using microdata from income and expenditure surveys for twelve Latin American and Caribbean countries and the United States. Bahamas, Chile, and Mexico have the highest household spending in education and Bolivia, Brazil, and Paraguay have the lowest. Tertiary education is the most important…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Latin Americans, Heads of Households, Expenditures
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Anderson, Drew M. – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
This study examines how private colleges and universities choose to spend versus reinvest resources in endowment funds that have suffered investment losses. The analysis takes advantage of a market downturn and public policy shift, which together revealed how colleges define prudent spending. Investment losses during the financial crisis of 2008…
Descriptors: Private Colleges, Endowment Funds, Expenditures, Investment
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Gulosino, Charisse A.; Ciamarra, Elif Sisli – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
This study provides the first systematic analysis of the composition of charter school governing boards. We assemble a dataset of charter school boards in Massachusetts from 2001 to 2013 and investigate the consequences of donor and founder representation on governing boards. We find that the presence of donors on the charter school boards is…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Donors, Governing Boards, Educational Finance
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Bedasso, Biniam E. – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
This paper explores factors affecting the choice of investment in specific human capital in the presence of significant inter-group and spatial inequalities. I use four years of admissions application data at an elite university in South Africa in conjunction with quarterly labor force data to trace the link between aptitude-adjusted expected…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Majors (Students), Course Selection (Students), Racial Segregation
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Davis, Matthew; Heller, Blake – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
Although it is well known that certain charter schools dramatically increase students' standardized test scores, there is considerably less evidence that these human capital gains persist into adulthood. To address this matter, we match three years of lottery data from a high-performing charter high school to administrative college enrollment…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, High Schools, Urban Schools, Enrollment
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Grissom, Jason A.; Bartanen, Brendan – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
Research demonstrates the importance of principal effectiveness for school performance and the potentially negative effects of principal turnover. However, we have limited understanding of the factors that lead principals to leave their schools or about the relative effectiveness of those who stay and those who turn over. We investigate the…
Descriptors: Principals, Administrator Effectiveness, Labor Turnover, Promotion (Occupational)
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LiCalsi, Christina; Ozek, Umut; Figlio, David – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
Educational accountability policies are a popular tool to close the achievement gaps between advantaged and disadvantaged students. However, these policies may exacerbate inequality if families from advantaged backgrounds are better able to advocate for their children and thus circumvent policy. We investigate this possibility in the context of…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Grade Repetition, Mothers, Educational Attainment
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Clotfelter, Charles T.; Hemelt, Steven W.; Ladd, Helen F. – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
We explore the effects of a statewide policy change that increased the number of high school math courses required for admission to four-year public universities in North Carolina. Using data on cohorts of eighth-grade students from 1999 to 2006, we exploit variation by district over time in the math course-taking environment encountered by…
Descriptors: College Admission, Admission Criteria, Secondary School Mathematics, Public Colleges
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Page, Lindsay C.; Iriti, Jennifer E.; Lowry, Danielle J.; Anthony, Aaron M. – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
Place-based promise scholarships are a relatively recent innovation in the space of college access and success. Although evidence on the impact of some of the earliest place-based scholarships has begun to emerge, the rapid proliferation of promise programs largely has preceded empirical evidence of their impact. We utilize regression…
Descriptors: Scholarships, Student Financial Aid, College Students, Educational Attainment
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Marcotte, Dave E. – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
I use nationally representative data from the Education Longitudinal Survey (ELS) to update the literature on returns to community college education. I compare the experiences of the ELS cohort that graduated high school in 2004 with those of the National Education Longitudinal Survey (NELS) cohort that graduated high school more than a decade…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Outcomes of Education, Longitudinal Studies, National Surveys
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Rosinger, Kelly Ochs – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
Recent policy and research efforts have focused on simplifying the college-going process, improving transparency around college costs, and helping students make informed decisions. In 2012, the Obama administration released the "shopping sheet," a standardized financial aid offer that is intended to provide students with simplified…
Descriptors: Student Financial Aid, Enrollment Influences, Paying for College, Student Loan Programs
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