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Brewer, Dominic J.; Stern, Stefanie; Ahn, June – Education Finance and Policy, 2007
Several national and international assessments have demonstrated that there has been little improvement in the performance of American high school students in recent decades. High school students are increasingly underprepared for transition into college-level course-work. One new approach to high school redesign, "early college," seeks…
Descriptors: High School Students, Academic Achievement, Models, Dual Enrollment
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Koski, William S.; Horng, Eileen L. – Education Finance and Policy, 2007
Certain studies and the California legislature have recently concluded that seniority preference rules in teacher collective bargaining agreements facilitate a teacher "quality gap" by permitting senior teachers to transfer to schools with higher-performing and more affluent children. This study examines the effects of such transfer…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Academic Achievement, Collective Bargaining, School Districts
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Greene, Jay P.; Winters, Marcus A. – Education Finance and Policy, 2007
In 2002, Florida adopted a test-based promotion policy in the third grade in an attempt to end social promotion. Similar policies are currently operating in Texas, New York City, and Chicago and affect at least 17 percent of public school students nationwide. Using individual-level data on the universe of public school students in Florida, we…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Grade Repetition, Social Promotion, Grade 3
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Duncombe, William; Yinger, John – Education Finance and Policy, 2007
Consolidation has dramatically reduced the number of school districts in the United States. Using data from rural school districts in New York, this article provides the first direct estimation of consolidation's cost impacts. We find economies of size in operating spending: all else equal, doubling enrollment cuts operating costs per pupil by…
Descriptors: Rural Schools, Educational Finance, School Districts, Costs
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Corcoran, Sean P. – Education Finance and Policy, 2007
One of the key provisions of the No Child Left Behind Act requires states to ensure that every teacher be "highly qualified." Though the meaning of "highly qualified" remains hotly contested, the legislation's emphasis on teachers is well founded. Nearly all modern research on the subject finds teacher effectiveness to be among…
Descriptors: Teaching (Occupation), Teacher Effectiveness, Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation
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Figlio, David N. – Education Finance and Policy, 2007
This article proposes an unusual identification strategy to estimate the effects of disruptive students on peer behavior and academic outcomes. Because boys with names most commonly given to girls may be more prone to misbehavior as they get older, they may become differentially disruptive in school. In elementary school there is no relationship…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Females, Males, Peer Influence
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Reback, Randall – Education Finance and Policy, 2006
This article examines the impact of entry costs on the likelihood that recent college graduates will become public school teachers. I combine "Barron's" ratings of college selectivity, data on the types of teacher certification programs offered by colleges, and NELS data that track members of the high school class of 1988 into college and into the…
Descriptors: Public School Teachers, College Graduates, Teacher Certification, Selective Admission
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Taylor, Lori L. – Education Finance and Policy, 2006
A Comparable Wage Index (CWI) is an attractive mechanism for measuring geographic variations in the cost of education. A CWI measures uncontrollable variations in educator pay by observing systematic variations in the earnings of comparable workers who are not educators. Together, the 2000 census and the Occupational Employment Statistics survey…
Descriptors: Wages, School Districts, Employment Statistics, Educational Equity (Finance)
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Wilson, Kathryn; Lambright, Kristina; Smeeding, Timothy M. – Education Finance and Policy, 2006
This article breaks new ground in the debate on school finance and equality of per pupil school expenditures. We are able to merge school district data with the individual and family data of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID). This allows us to examine both student and school district characteristics and to assess several measures of…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Racial Differences, School Districts, Educational Opportunities
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Podgursky, Michael; Tongrut, Ruttaya – Education Finance and Policy, 2006
Statistics on the relative pay of public school teachers are routinely cited by plaintiffs in school finance ("adequacy") lawsuits. However, comparisons of pay and benefits for public school teachers to those of professional employees in other sectors are complicated by the fact that most teachers work under contracts that are nine or ten months…
Descriptors: Public School Teachers, Educational Finance, Measurement Techniques, Compensation (Remuneration)
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Rebell, Michael A. – Education Finance and Policy, 2006
In recent years, state legislatures, state education departments, and advocacy groups in more than thirty states have sponsored education adequacy studies, which aim to determine objectively the amount of funding needed to provide all students with a meaningful opportunity for an adequate education. Based on a detailed analysis of judicial and…
Descriptors: Criticism, Educational Finance, Educational Quality, Costs
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Guthrie, James W. – Education Finance and Policy, 2006
This article contends that a new concept of education finance has emerged in response to substantial alterations in the U.S. education policy environment. The major distinction between modern and old is that the latter was principally concerned with arrangements of inputs in K-12 schooling. The former, modern-era education finance, is concerned…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Elementary Secondary Education, Public Sector, Data Analysis
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Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Stiefel, Leanna – Education Finance and Policy, 2006
Public schools across the United States are educating an increasing number and diversity of immigrant students. Unfortunately, little is known about their performance relative to native-born students and the extent to which the "nativity gap" might be explained by school and demographic characteristics. This article takes a step toward…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, Mathematics Tests, Immigrants, Reading Tests
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Bifulco, Robert; Ladd, Helen F. – Education Finance and Policy, 2006
Using an individual panel data set to control for student fixed effects, we estimate the impact of charter schools on students in charter schools and in nearby traditional public schools. We find that students make considerably smaller achievement gains in charter schools than they would have in public schools. The large negative estimates of the…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Achievement Gains, Academic Achievement, Program Effectiveness
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Sass, Tim R. – Education Finance and Policy, 2006
I utilize longitudinal data covering all public school students in Florida to study the performance of charter schools and their competitive impact on traditional public schools. Controlling for student-level fixed effects, I find achievement initially is lower in charters. However, by their fifth year of operation new charter schools reach a par…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Reading Achievement, Academic Achievement, Nonprofit Organizations
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