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Hemelt, Steven W.; Jacob, Brian A. – Education Finance and Policy, 2020
In 2011, the U.S. Department of Education granted states the opportunity to apply for waivers from the core requirements of the No Child Left Behind Act. In exchange, many states implemented systems of differentiated accountability that included a focus on schools with the largest achievement gaps between subgroups of students. We use…
Descriptors: Accountability, Achievement Gap, Educational Change, Mathematics Achievement
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Wu, Derek – Education Finance and Policy, 2020
Schools often have to decide between extending the length of the school year or the school day. This paper examines the effects of changes in the distribution of instructional time on eighth-grade student achievement through a methodological framework that disaggregates total yearly instructional time into separate inputs for days per year and…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, International Assessment
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Bonilla, Sade; Dee, Thomas S. – Education Finance and Policy, 2020
Under waivers to the No Child Left Behind Act, the federal government required states to identify schools where targeted subgroups of students have the lowest achievement and to implement reforms in these "Focus Schools." In this study, we examine the Focus School reforms in the state of Kentucky. The reforms in this state are uniquely…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation, Educational Change, School Turnaround
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Schueler, Beth E. – Education Finance and Policy, 2020
Catching students up who have fallen behind academically is a key challenge for educators, and can be difficult to do in a cost-effective manner. This field experiment examines the causal effect of a program designed to provide struggling sixth and seventh graders with math instruction delivered in small groups of roughly ten students by select…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Grade 6, Grade 7, Mathematics Instruction
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Henry, Gary T.; Redding, Christopher – Education Finance and Policy, 2020
Using unique administrative data from North Carolina that allow us to separate classroom teacher turnover during the school year from end-of-year turnover, we find students who lose their teacher during the school year have significantly lower test score gains (on average -7.5 percent of a standard deviation unit) than those students whose…
Descriptors: Faculty Mobility, School Schedules, Achievement Gains, Teacher Student Relationship
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Walsh, Elias; Dotter, Dallas – Education Finance and Policy, 2020
The 2007 Public Education Reform Amendment Act led to 39 percent of the principals in District of Columbia Public Schools (DCPS) being dismissed before the start of the 2008-09 school year, and additional principal exits over the next few years. We measure the impact of replacing these principals on schoolwide student achievement by measuring the…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Principals, Academic Achievement, Achievement Gains
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Clotfelter, Charles T.; Hemelt, Steven W.; Ladd, Helen F. – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
We explore the effects of a statewide policy change that increased the number of high school math courses required for admission to four-year public universities in North Carolina. Using data on cohorts of eighth-grade students from 1999 to 2006, we exploit variation by district over time in the math course-taking environment encountered by…
Descriptors: College Admission, Admission Criteria, Secondary School Mathematics, Public Colleges
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Cordes, Sarah A. – Education Finance and Policy, 2018
A particularly controversial topic in current education policy is the expansion of the charter school sector. This paper analyzes the spillover effects of charter schools on traditional public school (TPS) students in New York City. I exploit variation in both the timing of charter school entry and distance to the nearest charter school to obtain…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Educational Policy, Causal Models, Academic Achievement
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Goldhaber, Dan; Grout, Cyrus; Huntington-Klein, Nick – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
Despite their widespread use, there is little academic evidence on whether applicant selection instruments can improve teacher hiring. We examine the relationship between two screening instruments used by Spokane Public Schools to select classroom teachers and three teacher outcomes: value added, absences, and attrition. We observe all applicants…
Descriptors: Predictive Validity, Admission (School), Public Schools, Selection Tools
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Ballou, Dale; Springer, Matthew G. – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) has been criticized for encouraging schools to neglect students whose performance exceeds the proficiency threshold or lies so far below it that there is no reasonable prospect of closing the gap during the current year. We examine this hypothesis using longitudinal data from 2002-03 through 2005-06. Our…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Accountability, Achievement Gains
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Chiang, Hanley; Lipscomb, Stephen; Gill, Brian – Education Finance and Policy, 2016
States across the country are developing systems for evaluating school principals on the basis of student achievement growth. A common approach is to hold principals accountable for the value added of their schools--that is, schools' contributions to student achievement growth. In theory, school value added can reflect not only principals'…
Descriptors: Value Added Models, Principals, Administrator Effectiveness, Administrator Evaluation
Scott-Clayton, Judith; Rodriguez, Olga – Education Finance and Policy, 2015
Half of all college students will enroll in remedial coursework but evidence of its effectiveness is mixed. Using a regression-discontinuity design with data from a large urban community college system, we make three contributions. First, we articulate three alternative hypotheses regarding the potential impacts of remediation. Second, in addition…
Descriptors: College Programs, Remedial Programs, Educational Policy, Evidence
Kraft, Matthew A. – Education Finance and Policy, 2015
Evidence on the effect of extending the school day is decidedly mixed because of the stark differences in how schools use additional time. In this paper, I focus narrowly on the effect of additional time used for individualized tutorials. In 2005, MATCH Charter Public High School integrated two hours of tutorials throughout an extended day. The…
Descriptors: Tutorial Programs, Integrated Activities, Individualized Instruction, High School Students
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Kraft, Matthew A. – Education Finance and Policy, 2015
Most teacher layoffs during the Great Recession were implemented following inverse-seniority policies. In this paper, I examine the implementation of a discretionary layoff policy in Charlotte Mecklenburg Schools. Administrators did not uniformly lay off the most or least senior teachers but instead selected teachers who were previously retired,…
Descriptors: Job Layoff, Teacher Effectiveness, Academic Achievement, Teacher Characteristics
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Steinberg, Matthew P.; Sartain, Lauren – Education Finance and Policy, 2015
Chicago Public Schools initiated the Excellence in Teaching Project, a teacher evaluation program designed to increase student learning by improving classroom instruction through structured principal-teacher dialogue. The pilot began in forty-four elementary schools in 2008-09 (cohort 1) and scaled up to include an additional forty-eight…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Urban Schools, Teacher Evaluation, Elementary Schools
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