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Wu, Derek – Education Finance and Policy, 2020
Schools often have to decide between extending the length of the school year or the school day. This paper examines the effects of changes in the distribution of instructional time on eighth-grade student achievement through a methodological framework that disaggregates total yearly instructional time into separate inputs for days per year and…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, International Assessment
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Schueler, Beth E. – Education Finance and Policy, 2020
Catching students up who have fallen behind academically is a key challenge for educators, and can be difficult to do in a cost-effective manner. This field experiment examines the causal effect of a program designed to provide struggling sixth and seventh graders with math instruction delivered in small groups of roughly ten students by select…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Grade 6, Grade 7, Mathematics Instruction
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Henry, Gary T.; Redding, Christopher – Education Finance and Policy, 2020
Using unique administrative data from North Carolina that allow us to separate classroom teacher turnover during the school year from end-of-year turnover, we find students who lose their teacher during the school year have significantly lower test score gains (on average -7.5 percent of a standard deviation unit) than those students whose…
Descriptors: Faculty Mobility, School Schedules, Achievement Gains, Teacher Student Relationship
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Clotfelter, Charles T.; Hemelt, Steven W.; Ladd, Helen F. – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
We explore the effects of a statewide policy change that increased the number of high school math courses required for admission to four-year public universities in North Carolina. Using data on cohorts of eighth-grade students from 1999 to 2006, we exploit variation by district over time in the math course-taking environment encountered by…
Descriptors: College Admission, Admission Criteria, Secondary School Mathematics, Public Colleges
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Ladd, Helen F.; Sorensen, Lucy C. – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
Sorensen (corresponding author) Rockefeller College of Public Affairs and Policy University of Albany SUNY Albany, NY 12222 lsorensen@albany.edu Abstract We use rich longitudinally matched administrative data on students and teachers in North Carolina to examine the patterns of differential effectiveness by teachers' years of experience. The paper…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Teaching Experience, Middle School Teachers, Tests
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Moussa, Wael S. – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
High school graduation rates are a central policy topic in the United States and have been shown to be stagnant for the past three decades. Using student-level administrative data from New York City Public Schools, I examine the impact of compulsory school attendance on high school graduation rates and grade attainment, focusing the analysis on…
Descriptors: Compulsory Education, Graduation Rate, High School Students, Grade 9
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Chiang, Hanley; Lipscomb, Stephen; Gill, Brian – Education Finance and Policy, 2016
States across the country are developing systems for evaluating school principals on the basis of student achievement growth. A common approach is to hold principals accountable for the value added of their schools--that is, schools' contributions to student achievement growth. In theory, school value added can reflect not only principals'…
Descriptors: Value Added Models, Principals, Administrator Effectiveness, Administrator Evaluation
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Cohodes, Sarah R. – Education Finance and Policy, 2016
Recent work has shown that Boston charter schools raise standardized test scores more than their traditional school counterparts. Critics of charter schools argue that charter schools create those achievement gains by focusing exclusively on test preparation, at the expense of deeper learning. In this paper, I test that critique by estimating the…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Urban Schools, Standardized Tests, Scores
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Dougherty, Shaun M. – Education Finance and Policy, 2015
Strong literacy skills are crucial to ensuring an individual's future educational and economic success. Existing evidence suggests the transition from elementary to middle school is a decisive period for literacy development. In this paper I investigate the impact of extended learning time in literacy instruction on subsequent cognitive outcomes.…
Descriptors: Literacy, Literacy Education, Outcomes of Education, Middle School Students
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West, Kristine L. – Education Finance and Policy, 2014
Researchers have good data on teachers' annual salaries but a hazy understanding of teachers' hours of work. This makes it difficult to calculate an accurate hourly wage and leads policy makers to default to anecdote rather than fact when debating teacher pay. Using data from the American Time Use Survey, I find that teachers work an average of…
Descriptors: Working Hours, Teachers, Teacher Salaries, Elementary School Teachers
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Henry, Gary T.; Bastian, Kevin C.; Fortner, C. Kevin; Kershaw, David C.; Purtell, Kelly M.; Thompson, Charles L.; Zulli, Rebecca A. – Education Finance and Policy, 2014
State policies affect the qualifications of beginning teachers in numerous ways, including regulating entry requirements, providing incentives for graduate degrees, and subsidizing preparation programs at public universities. In this paper we assess how these policy choices affect student achievement, specifically comparing traditionally prepared…
Descriptors: Teacher Qualifications, Beginning Teachers, Preservice Teacher Education, Public Colleges