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Showing 1 to 15 of 46 results Save | Export
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Wu, Derek – Education Finance and Policy, 2020
Schools often have to decide between extending the length of the school year or the school day. This paper examines the effects of changes in the distribution of instructional time on eighth-grade student achievement through a methodological framework that disaggregates total yearly instructional time into separate inputs for days per year and…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, International Assessment
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Schueler, Beth E. – Education Finance and Policy, 2020
Catching students up who have fallen behind academically is a key challenge for educators, and can be difficult to do in a cost-effective manner. This field experiment examines the causal effect of a program designed to provide struggling sixth and seventh graders with math instruction delivered in small groups of roughly ten students by select…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Grade 6, Grade 7, Mathematics Instruction
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Henry, Gary T.; Redding, Christopher – Education Finance and Policy, 2020
Using unique administrative data from North Carolina that allow us to separate classroom teacher turnover during the school year from end-of-year turnover, we find students who lose their teacher during the school year have significantly lower test score gains (on average -7.5 percent of a standard deviation unit) than those students whose…
Descriptors: Faculty Mobility, School Schedules, Achievement Gains, Teacher Student Relationship
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Bastian, Kevin C.; Fortner, C. Kevin – Education Finance and Policy, 2020
Whereas subject-area specialization is common practice in secondary grades, little is known about its incidence and impact in elementary schools. In this study we use data from North Carolina elementary schools to assess which teachers specialize and estimate whether specialization is associated with teacher effectiveness and school achievement.…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Specialization, Teacher Effectiveness, Academic Achievement
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Walsh, Elias; Dotter, Dallas – Education Finance and Policy, 2020
The 2007 Public Education Reform Amendment Act led to 39 percent of the principals in District of Columbia Public Schools (DCPS) being dismissed before the start of the 2008-09 school year, and additional principal exits over the next few years. We measure the impact of replacing these principals on schoolwide student achievement by measuring the…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Principals, Academic Achievement, Achievement Gains
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LiCalsi, Christina; Ozek, Umut; Figlio, David – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
Educational accountability policies are a popular tool to close the achievement gaps between advantaged and disadvantaged students. However, these policies may exacerbate inequality if families from advantaged backgrounds are better able to advocate for their children and thus circumvent policy. We investigate this possibility in the context of…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Grade Repetition, Mothers, Educational Attainment
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Clotfelter, Charles T.; Hemelt, Steven W.; Ladd, Helen F. – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
We explore the effects of a statewide policy change that increased the number of high school math courses required for admission to four-year public universities in North Carolina. Using data on cohorts of eighth-grade students from 1999 to 2006, we exploit variation by district over time in the math course-taking environment encountered by…
Descriptors: College Admission, Admission Criteria, Secondary School Mathematics, Public Colleges
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Miller, Luke C.; Bassok, Daphna – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
Nationwide, the percentage of four-year-olds enrolled in state-supported preschool programs has more than doubled since the early 2000s as states dramatically increased their investments in early childhood education. Florida's Voluntary Pre-kindergarten Program (VPK), which began in 2005, has been a national leader with respect to preschool…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Preschool Education, Grade Repetition, Preschool Children
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Curran, F. Chris – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
Recent evidence demonstrates that disparities by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status in science achievement are present in the earliest grades of school. Preschool represents one potential policy solution; however, little research has explored the relationship between preschool attendance and science outcomes. This study examines whether…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Program Effectiveness, Science Achievement, Kindergarten
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Doss, Christopher – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
A growing body of research provides evidence that quality early childhood experiences can affect a host of life outcomes. Equally well documented is the variation in the quality of prekindergarten (pre-K) programs offered to children. In this study, I use a fuzzy regression discontinuity approach to evaluate the efficacy of transitional…
Descriptors: Literacy, Preschool Education, Kindergarten, Outcomes of Education
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Backes, Ben; Hansen, Michael – Education Finance and Policy, 2018
Recent evidence on teacher productivity suggests that teachers meaningfully influence non-test academic student outcomes that are commonly overlooked by narrowly focusing on test scores. Despite a large number of studies investigating the Teach For America (TFA) effect on math and English achievement, little is known about non-tested academic…
Descriptors: Beginning Teachers, Public School Teachers, Outcomes of Education, Attendance Patterns
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Berends, Mark; Waddington, R. Joseph – Education Finance and Policy, 2018
School choice researchers are often limited to comparing one type of choice with another (e.g., charter schools vs. traditional public schools). One area researchers have not examined is the effects of different school types within the same urban region. We fill this gap by analyzing longitudinal data for students (grades 3-8) in Indianapolis,…
Descriptors: School Choice, Charter Schools, Magnet Schools, Private Schools
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Cordes, Sarah A. – Education Finance and Policy, 2018
A particularly controversial topic in current education policy is the expansion of the charter school sector. This paper analyzes the spillover effects of charter schools on traditional public school (TPS) students in New York City. I exploit variation in both the timing of charter school entry and distance to the nearest charter school to obtain…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Educational Policy, Causal Models, Academic Achievement
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Gershenson, Seth; Tekin, Erdal – Education Finance and Policy, 2018
Community traumatic events such as mass shootings, terrorist attacks, and natural disasters have the potential to disrupt student learning. For example, these events can reduce instructional time by causing teacher and student absences, school closures, and disturbances to classroom and home routines. This paper uses a quasi-experimental research…
Descriptors: Trauma, Violence, Academic Achievement, Elementary School Students
Blazar, David – Education Finance and Policy, 2018
There is growing interest among researchers, policy makers, and practitioners in identifying teachers who are skilled at improving student outcomes beyond test scores. However, questions remain about the validity of these teacher effect estimates. Leveraging the random assignment of teachers to classes, I find that teachers have causal effects on…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Student Behavior, Teacher Influence, Outcomes of Education
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