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Miller, Luke C.; Bassok, Daphna – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
Nationwide, the percentage of four-year-olds enrolled in state-supported preschool programs has more than doubled since the early 2000s as states dramatically increased their investments in early childhood education. Florida's Voluntary Pre-kindergarten Program (VPK), which began in 2005, has been a national leader with respect to preschool…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Preschool Education, Grade Repetition, Preschool Children
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Curran, F. Chris – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
Recent evidence demonstrates that disparities by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status in science achievement are present in the earliest grades of school. Preschool represents one potential policy solution; however, little research has explored the relationship between preschool attendance and science outcomes. This study examines whether…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Program Effectiveness, Science Achievement, Kindergarten
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Bednar, Steven; Gicheva, Dora – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
Mentoring, and to a greater extent support from high-level administrators, has been shown to decrease worker turnover in general, but little is known about its differential impact on minority workers. Utilizing four waves of the Schools and Staffing Survey, we find that administrative support is most strongly associated with retention for minority…
Descriptors: Mentors, Labor Turnover, Minority Group Teachers, Teacher Persistence
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Doss, Christopher – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
A growing body of research provides evidence that quality early childhood experiences can affect a host of life outcomes. Equally well documented is the variation in the quality of prekindergarten (pre-K) programs offered to children. In this study, I use a fuzzy regression discontinuity approach to evaluate the efficacy of transitional…
Descriptors: Literacy, Preschool Education, Kindergarten, Outcomes of Education
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Gulosino, Charisse A.; Ciamarra, Elif Sisli – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
This study provides the first systematic analysis of the composition of charter school governing boards. We assemble a dataset of charter school boards in Massachusetts from 2001 to 2013 and investigate the consequences of donor and founder representation on governing boards. We find that the presence of donors on the charter school boards is…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Donors, Governing Boards, Educational Finance
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Bedasso, Biniam E. – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
This paper explores factors affecting the choice of investment in specific human capital in the presence of significant inter-group and spatial inequalities. I use four years of admissions application data at an elite university in South Africa in conjunction with quarterly labor force data to trace the link between aptitude-adjusted expected…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Majors (Students), Course Selection (Students), Racial Segregation
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Davis, Matthew; Heller, Blake – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
Although it is well known that certain charter schools dramatically increase students' standardized test scores, there is considerably less evidence that these human capital gains persist into adulthood. To address this matter, we match three years of lottery data from a high-performing charter high school to administrative college enrollment…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, High Schools, Urban Schools, Enrollment
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Grissom, Jason A.; Bartanen, Brendan – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
Research demonstrates the importance of principal effectiveness for school performance and the potentially negative effects of principal turnover. However, we have limited understanding of the factors that lead principals to leave their schools or about the relative effectiveness of those who stay and those who turn over. We investigate the…
Descriptors: Principals, Administrator Effectiveness, Labor Turnover, Promotion (Occupational)
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LiCalsi, Christina; Ozek, Umut; Figlio, David – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
Educational accountability policies are a popular tool to close the achievement gaps between advantaged and disadvantaged students. However, these policies may exacerbate inequality if families from advantaged backgrounds are better able to advocate for their children and thus circumvent policy. We investigate this possibility in the context of…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Grade Repetition, Mothers, Educational Attainment
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Clotfelter, Charles T.; Hemelt, Steven W.; Ladd, Helen F. – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
We explore the effects of a statewide policy change that increased the number of high school math courses required for admission to four-year public universities in North Carolina. Using data on cohorts of eighth-grade students from 1999 to 2006, we exploit variation by district over time in the math course-taking environment encountered by…
Descriptors: College Admission, Admission Criteria, Secondary School Mathematics, Public Colleges
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Lincove, Jane A.; Cowen, Joshua M.; Imbrogno, Jason P. – Education Finance and Policy, 2018
We examine the characteristics of schools preferred by parents in New Orleans, Louisiana, where a "portfolio" of school choices is available. This tests the conditions under which school choice induces healthy competition between public and private schools through the threat of student exit. Using unique data from parent applications to…
Descriptors: Parent Attitudes, Educational Attitudes, Public Schools, Private Schools
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Backes, Ben; Hansen, Michael – Education Finance and Policy, 2018
Recent evidence on teacher productivity suggests that teachers meaningfully influence non-test academic student outcomes that are commonly overlooked by narrowly focusing on test scores. Despite a large number of studies investigating the Teach For America (TFA) effect on math and English achievement, little is known about non-tested academic…
Descriptors: Beginning Teachers, Public School Teachers, Outcomes of Education, Attendance Patterns
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Dougherty, Shaun M. – Education Finance and Policy, 2018
Earlier work demonstrates that career and technical education (CTE) can provide long-term financial benefits to participants, yet few have explored potential academic impacts, with none in the era of high-stakes accountability. This paper investigates the causal impact of participating in a specialized high school-based CTE delivery system on high…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Human Capital, Evidence, Outcomes of Education
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Corcoran, Sean Patrick; Baker-Smith, E. Christine – Education Finance and Policy, 2018
New York City's public specialized high schools have a long history of offering a rigorous, college preparatory education to the city's most academically talented students. Though immensely popular and highly selective, their policy of admitting students using a single entrance exam has raised questions about diversity and equity in access. In…
Descriptors: High School Students, Special Schools, College Preparation, Selective Admission
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Berends, Mark; Waddington, R. Joseph – Education Finance and Policy, 2018
School choice researchers are often limited to comparing one type of choice with another (e.g., charter schools vs. traditional public schools). One area researchers have not examined is the effects of different school types within the same urban region. We fill this gap by analyzing longitudinal data for students (grades 3-8) in Indianapolis,…
Descriptors: School Choice, Charter Schools, Magnet Schools, Private Schools
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