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Bastian, Kevin C.; Fortner, C. Kevin – Education Finance and Policy, 2020
Whereas subject-area specialization is common practice in secondary grades, little is known about its incidence and impact in elementary schools. In this study we use data from North Carolina elementary schools to assess which teachers specialize and estimate whether specialization is associated with teacher effectiveness and school achievement.…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Specialization, Teacher Effectiveness, Academic Achievement
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LiCalsi, Christina; Ozek, Umut; Figlio, David – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
Educational accountability policies are a popular tool to close the achievement gaps between advantaged and disadvantaged students. However, these policies may exacerbate inequality if families from advantaged backgrounds are better able to advocate for their children and thus circumvent policy. We investigate this possibility in the context of…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Grade Repetition, Mothers, Educational Attainment
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Özek, Umut – Education Finance and Policy, 2015
Test-based accountability has become the new norm in public education over the last decade. In many states and school districts nationwide, student performance on standardized tests plays an important role in high-stakes decisions, such as grade retention. This study examines the effects of grade retention on student misbehavior in Florida, which…
Descriptors: Grade Repetition, Educational Policy, Student Behavior, Behavior Problems