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Egalite, Anna J.; Mills, Jonathan N. – Education Finance and Policy, 2021
Given the significant growth rate and geographic expansion of private school choice programs over the past two decades, it is important to examine how traditional public schools respond to the sudden injection of competition for students and resources. Although prior studies of this nature have been limited to Florida and Milwaukee, using multiple…
Descriptors: Competition, Educational Vouchers, Public Schools, School Effectiveness
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Zhu, Qiong; Zhang, Liang – Education Finance and Policy, 2021
We use data from the Baccalaureate and Beyond Longitudinal Study and propensity score weighting methods to estimate the effect of a double major on bachelor's degree recipients' earnings within four years after college graduation. We classify each of a student's two majors in a double major combination as either "higher- or…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Majors (Students), Bachelors Degrees, College Graduates
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Toutkoushian, Robert; Raghav, Manu – Education Finance and Policy, 2021
In this study, we use institution-level data for the period 2004 to 2016 from the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System to examine the excess revenues of private, four-year nonprofit institutions. We present data on the magnitude of excess revenues for these institutions over this period, examine how excess revenues are associated with…
Descriptors: Private Colleges, Income, Educational Finance, Influences
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Kim, Dongwoo; Koedel, Cory; Kong, Wei; Ni, Shawn; Podgursky, Michael; Wu, Weiwei – Education Finance and Policy, 2021
Public school teachers retire much earlier than comparable professionals. Pension rule changes affecting new teachers can be used to close this gap in the long run, but any effects will not be observed for decades and the implications for workforce quality are unclear. This paper considers targeted incentive policies designed to deter retirement…
Descriptors: Retirement Benefits, Experienced Teachers, Teacher Persistence, Public School Teachers
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Hemphill, Annie A.; Marianno, Bradley D. – Education Finance and Policy, 2021
In response to the COVID-19 crisis, school districts worked quickly to roll out distance learning plans in the spring. Sometimes these plans impinged upon or were directly in conflict with provisions found in collective bargaining agreements (CBAs) negotiated between teachers' unions and district administration. In this brief, we unpack how urban…
Descriptors: Unions, Collective Bargaining, COVID-19, Pandemics
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Cullen, Julie Berry; Koedel, Cory; Parsons, Eric – Education Finance and Policy, 2021
We study how the introduction of a rigorous teacher evaluation system in a large urban school district affects the quality composition of teacher turnovers. With the implementation of the new system, we document increased turnover among the least effective teachers and decreased turnover among the most effective teachers, relative to teachers in…
Descriptors: Teacher Evaluation, Urban Schools, Faculty Mobility, Teacher Effectiveness
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Ward, Jason; Ost, Ben – Education Finance and Policy, 2021
The use of performance-based funding that ties state higher education appropriations to performance metrics has increased dramatically in recent years, but most programs place at stake a small percent of overall funding. We analyze the effect of two notable exceptions--Ohio and Tennessee--where nearly all state funding is tied to performance…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Higher Education, State Aid, Financial Support
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Phipps, Aaron R.; Wiseman, Emily A. – Education Finance and Policy, 2021
Teacher evaluation systems that use in-class observations, particularly in high-stakes settings, are frequently understood as accountability systems intended as nonintrusive measures of teacher quality. Presumably, the evaluation system motivates teachers to improve their practice--an accountability mechanism--and provides actionable feedback for…
Descriptors: Teacher Evaluation, Observation, Accountability, Teacher Improvement
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Larsen, Matthew F. – Education Finance and Policy, 2021
This paper investigates the effect of high school graduation requirements on arrest rates with a specific focus on the number of required courses and the use of exit exams. Identifying variation comes from state-by-cohort changes in the laws governing high school graduation requirements from 1980 to 2010. Combining these law changes with arrest…
Descriptors: High Schools, Graduation Requirements, Required Courses, Exit Examinations
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Gurantz, Oded – Education Finance and Policy, 2021
This paper uses Advanced Placement (AP) exams to examine how receiving college credit in high school alters students' subsequent human capital investment. Using data from one large state, I link high school students to postsecondary transcripts from in-state, public institutions. I estimate causal impacts using a regression discontinuity that…
Descriptors: Advanced Placement Programs, College Credits, High School Students, Course Selection (Students)
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Dee, Thomas S.; James, Jessalynn; Wyckoff, Jim – Education Finance and Policy, 2021
Ten years ago, many policy makers viewed the reform of teacher evaluation as a highly promising mechanism to improve teacher effectiveness and student achievement. Recently, that enthusiasm has dimmed as the available evidence suggests the subsequent reforms had a mixed record of implementation and efficacy. Even in districts where there was…
Descriptors: Teacher Evaluation, Public School Teachers, Urban Schools, Public Schools
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Donaldson, Morgaen; Mavrogordato, Madeline; Dougherty, Shaun M.; Ghanem, Reem Al; Youngs, Peter – Education Finance and Policy, 2021
A growing body of research recognizes the critical role of the school principal, demonstrating that school principals' effects on student outcomes are second only to those of teachers. Yet policy makers have often paid little attention to principals, choosing instead to focus policy reform on teachers. In the last decade, this pattern has shifted…
Descriptors: Principals, Administrator Evaluation, Educational Legislation, Elementary Secondary Education
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Boatman, Angela; Bennett, Christopher T. – Education Finance and Policy, 2021
One explanation for negative or null findings in prior research on postsecondary remediation is that college may be too late to address issues of academic underpreparedness. This study evaluates the impact on student outcomes when college math remediation is offered in the senior year of high school. The Seamless Alignment and Integrated Learning…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Remedial Mathematics, Remedial Instruction, High School Students
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Heissel, Jennifer A.; Adam, Emma K.; Doleac, Jennifer L.; Figlio, David N.; Meer, Jonathan – Education Finance and Policy, 2021
We examine how students' physiological stress differs between a regular school week and a high-stakes testing week, and we raise questions about how to interpret high-stakes test scores. A potential contributor to socioeconomic disparities in academic performance is the difference in the level of stress experienced by students outside of school.…
Descriptors: High Stakes Tests, Anxiety, Physiology, Stress Variables
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Cortes, Kalena E.; Fricke, Hans; Loeb, Susanna; Song, David S.; York, Benjamin N. – Education Finance and Policy, 2021
Text-message-based parenting programs have proven successful in improving parent engagement and preschoolers' literacy development. This study seeks to identify mechanisms of the overall effect of such programs. It investigates whether actionable advice alone drives previous studies' results and whether additional texts of actionable advice…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Computer Mediated Communication, Parent Participation, Preschool Children
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