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Goldhaber, Dan – Education Finance and Policy, 2018
Educational researchers want to engage in, or with, research that matters--research that helps education institutions improve the academic and life outcomes of students. This essay is about whether education research matters for students. The author defines "death-bed impact" as the direct line between education research and student…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Outcomes of Education, Correlation, Surveys
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Castleman, Benjamin; Goodman, Joshua – Education Finance and Policy, 2018
Though counseling is one commonly pursued intervention to improve college enrollment and completion for disadvantaged students, there is relatively little causal evidence on its efficacy. We use a regression discontinuity design to study the impact of intensive college counseling provided by a Massachusetts program to college-seeking, low-income…
Descriptors: College Bound Students, Economically Disadvantaged, Low Income Students, Enrollment
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Bettinger, Eric P.; Long, Bridget Terry – Education Finance and Policy, 2018
This paper measures the effects of collegiate class size on college retention and graduation. Class size is a perennial issue in research on primary and secondary schooling. Few researchers have focused on the causal impacts of collegiate class size, however. Whereas college students have greater choice of classes, selection problems and nonrandom…
Descriptors: College Students, Class Size, Large Group Instruction, School Holding Power
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Hart, Cassandra M. D.; Friedmann, Elizabeth; Hill, Michael – Education Finance and Policy, 2018
This paper uses fixed effects analyses to estimate differences in student performance under online versus face-to-face course delivery formats in the California Community College system. On average, students have poorer outcomes in online courses in terms of the likelihood of course completion, course completion with a passing grade, and receiving…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Online Courses, Outcomes of Education, Academic Persistence
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Haider, Steven J.; McGarry, Kathleen – Education Finance and Policy, 2018
We examine the association between young adult postsecondary schooling and parental financial resources using two datasets that contain high-quality data on parental resources: the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) and the Health and Retirement Study (HRS). We find the association to be pervasive--it exists for income and wealth, it extends…
Descriptors: Young Adults, Postsecondary Education, Family Financial Resources, Family Income
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Brehm, Margaret; Imberman, Scott A.; Naretta, Michael – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
Although prior research has found clear impacts of schools and school quality on property values, little is known about whether charter schools have similar effects. Using sale price data for residential properties in Los Angeles County from 2008 to 2011 we estimate the neighborhood level impact of charter schools on housing prices. Using an…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Real Estate, Housing, School Districts
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Gershenson, Seth; Jacknowitz, Alison; Brannegan, Andrew – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
Student absences are a potentially important, yet understudied, input in the educational process. Using longitudinal data from a nationally representative survey and rich administrative records from North Carolina, we investigate the relationship between student absences and academic performance. Generally, student absences are associated with…
Descriptors: Attendance Patterns, Kindergarten, Elementary School Students, Early Childhood Education
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Cho, Donghun; Cho, Joonmo – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
Students' different standards may yield different kinds of bias, such as self-directed (higher than their past performance) bias and peer-directed (higher than their classmates) bias. Utilizing data obtained from a natural experiment where some students were able to see their grades prior to teacher evaluations, and to investigate possible sources…
Descriptors: Grade Point Average, Academic Standards, Bias, Student Evaluation of Teacher Performance
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Ladd, Helen F.; Sorensen, Lucy C. – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
Sorensen (corresponding author) Rockefeller College of Public Affairs and Policy University of Albany SUNY Albany, NY 12222 lsorensen@albany.edu Abstract We use rich longitudinally matched administrative data on students and teachers in North Carolina to examine the patterns of differential effectiveness by teachers' years of experience. The paper…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Teaching Experience, Middle School Teachers, Tests
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Goldhaber, Dan; Grout, Cyrus; Huntington-Klein, Nick – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
Despite their widespread use, there is little academic evidence on whether applicant selection instruments can improve teacher hiring. We examine the relationship between two screening instruments used by Spokane Public Schools to select classroom teachers and three teacher outcomes: value added, absences, and attrition. We observe all applicants…
Descriptors: Predictive Validity, Admission (School), Public Schools, Selection Tools
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Figlio, David; Karbownik, Krzysztof; Salvanes, Kjell – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
Thanks to extraordinary and exponential improvements in data storage and computing capacities, it is now possible to collect, manage, and analyze data in magnitudes and in manners that would have been inconceivable just a short time ago. As the world has developed this remarkable capacity to store and analyze data, so have the world's governments…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Data, Information Utilization, Management Information Systems
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Crispin, Laura M. – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
I estimate the effect of extracurricular participation on the high school dropout decision with a particular focus on at-risk students. Using a sample of tenth grade students from the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988, I jointly estimate the dropout and participation decisions (including extracurricular offerings per student), and…
Descriptors: High School Students, At Risk Students, Extracurricular Activities, Student Participation
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Moussa, Wael S. – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
High school graduation rates are a central policy topic in the United States and have been shown to be stagnant for the past three decades. Using student-level administrative data from New York City Public Schools, I examine the impact of compulsory school attendance on high school graduation rates and grade attainment, focusing the analysis on…
Descriptors: Compulsory Education, Graduation Rate, High School Students, Grade 9
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Anderson, Patricia M.; Butcher, Kristin F.; Schanzenbach, Diane Whitmore – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
This paper investigates how accountability pressures under No Child Left Behind (NCLB) may have affected students' rate of overweight. Schools facing pressure to improve academic outcomes may reallocate their efforts in ways that have unintended consequences for children's health. To examine the impact of school accountability, we create a unique…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Obesity, Accountability
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Ballou, Dale; Springer, Matthew G. – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) has been criticized for encouraging schools to neglect students whose performance exceeds the proficiency threshold or lies so far below it that there is no reasonable prospect of closing the gap during the current year. We examine this hypothesis using longitudinal data from 2002-03 through 2005-06. Our…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Accountability, Achievement Gains
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