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Sorensen, Lucy C.; Bushway, Shawn D.; Gifford, Elizabeth J. – Education Finance and Policy, 2022
Nationwide, school principals are given wide discretion to use disciplinary tools like suspension and expulsion to create a safe learning environment. There is legitimate concern that this power can have negative consequences, particularly for the students who are excluded. This study uses linked disciplinary, education, and criminal justice…
Descriptors: Discipline, Juvenile Justice, Middle School Students, Crime
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Grosz, Michel; Hines, Annie – Education Finance and Policy, 2022
We study the effects of a decrease in college tuition on college application and enrollment behavior. Specifically, we use student-level data to analyze a Colorado law that granted in-state tuition to undocumented students residing in Colorado. We find an increase in the credit hours and persistence of newly enrolled and likely undocumented…
Descriptors: In State Students, Tuition, Undocumented Immigrants, College Applicants
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Card, David; Solis, Alex – Education Finance and Policy, 2022
Governments around the world use grant and loan programs to ease the financial constraints that contribute to socioeconomic gaps in college completion. A growing body of research assesses the impact of grants; less is known about how loan programs affect persistence and degree completion. We use detailed administrative data from Chile to provide…
Descriptors: Student Financial Aid, Academic Persistence, Educational Attainment, Bachelors Degrees
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Laurito, Agustina – Education Finance and Policy, 2022
This paper estimates the impact of home country natural disasters on the academic performance of immigrant students in New York City public schools. It provides credible evidence of these effects by exploiting the exogenous timing of natural disasters relative to testing dates in models with student fixed effects. Natural disasters in the home…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Natural Disasters, Immigrants, Public Schools
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Liu, Jing; Loeb, Susanna; Shi, Ying – Education Finance and Policy, 2022
Classroom teachers in the United States are absent on average approximately 6 percent of a school year. Despite the prevalence of teacher absences, surprisingly little research has assessed the key source of replacement instruction: substitute teachers. Using detailed administrative and survey data from a large urban school district, we document…
Descriptors: Teacher Attendance, School Districts, Urban Schools, Substitute Teachers
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Jones, Todd R.; Kreisman, Daniel; Rubenstein, Ross; Searcy, Cynthia; Bhatt, Rachana – Education Finance and Policy, 2022
For years Georgia's HOPE Scholarship program provided full tuition scholarships to high-achieving students. State budgetary shortfalls reduced its generosity in 2011. Under the new rules, only students meeting more rigorous merit-based criteria would retain the original scholarship covering full tuition, now called the Zell Miller Scholarship,…
Descriptors: Academic Persistence, Scholarships, Tuition, College Entrance Examinations
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Kraft, Matthew A.; Bleiberg, Joshua F. – Education Finance and Policy, 2022
Economic downturns can cause major funding shortfalls for U.S. public schools, often forcing districts to make difficult budget cuts, including teacher layoffs. In this brief, we synthesize the empirical literature on the widespread teacher layoffs caused by the Great Recession. Studies find that teacher layoffs harmed student achievement and were…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Job Layoff, Teacher Employment, Academic Achievement
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Kho, Adam; Zimmer, Ron; McEachin, Andrew – Education Finance and Policy, 2022
One of the controversies surrounding charter schools is whether these schools may either "cream skim" high-performing students from traditional public schools or "pushout" low-achieving students or students with discipline histories, leaving traditional public schools to educate the most challenging students. In this study, we…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Traditional Schools, Low Achievement, High Achievement
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DiSalvo, Richard W. – Education Finance and Policy, 2022
Do grade configurations affect student academic performance? To bring new evidence to this question, I use recent district-by-grade data for nearly the entire United States that contain measures of test score achievement and rates of school switching induced by grade configuration. Past research has found that student performance, is, on average,…
Descriptors: Instructional Program Divisions, Grouping (Instructional Purposes), Achievement Tests, Scores
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Minaya, Veronica; Scott-Clayton, Judith – Education Finance and Policy, 2022
We estimate labor market returns to terminal associate's degrees and certificates, with a particular focus on how returns for different credential types evolve over a longer period of time (eleven years post entry) than most of the prior literature. We also explore how returns vary depending on labor market conditions and on which labor market…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Labor Market, Associate Degrees, Community Colleges
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Adukia, Anjali – Education Finance and Policy, 2022
Programs that provide lower-skill employment are a popular anti-poverty strategy in developing countries, with India's employment guarantee program (MGNREGA) employing adults in 23 percent of Indian households. MGNREGA has reduced rural poverty, but some have raised concerns that guaranteeing lower-skill (or uncredentialed) employment…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Employment Programs, Poverty Programs, Education
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Smith, Jonathan; Howell, Jessica; Hurwitz, Michael – Education Finance and Policy, 2022
We estimate the impact of one of the largest college-to-student outreach efforts in the nation, the College Board's Student Search Service. In an oversubscribed "order," colleges receive contact information of a randomly chosen subset of PSAT and SAT exam takers who opt into the service and meet colleges' search criteria from a larger…
Descriptors: Outreach Programs, College Choice, High School Students, Program Effectiveness
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Nguyen-Hoang, Phuong; Zhang, Pengju – Education Finance and Policy, 2022
This is the first study to examine the fiscal effects of the New York property tax levy limit, using variation from the degree of fiscal stringency across school districts and over time in its first five years of implementation. Based on a difference-in-differences estimator, coupled with an event study specification, we find that the tax limit…
Descriptors: School Districts, Economic Impact, Educational Finance, Expenditure per Student
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Ortagus, Justin C.; Kramer, Dennis A., II – Education Finance and Policy, 2022
Previous research shows that low-income and first-generation college students are less likely to obtain the benefits associated with attending graduate school. No-loan programs, which typically administer financial aid through institutional grants, are designed to improve access and success among students from low-income backgrounds, but we know…
Descriptors: Low Income Students, First Generation College Students, College Students, Graduate Study
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Knight, David S.; Hassairi, Nail; Candelaria, Christopher A.; Sun, Min; Plecki, Margaret L. – Education Finance and Policy, 2022
State budgets temporarily crashed amid the COVID-19 pandemic and economic shutdown, placing education funding at risk. To demonstrate implications for school finance, we show that (1) school districts are racially segregated along class lines; (2) higher-poverty districts receive a greater share of funds from state, as opposed to local sources,…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, Educational Finance, Economic Climate
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