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Hemelt, Steven W.; Jacob, Brian A. – Education Finance and Policy, 2020
In 2011, the U.S. Department of Education granted states the opportunity to apply for waivers from the core requirements of the No Child Left Behind Act. In exchange, many states implemented systems of differentiated accountability that included a focus on schools with the largest achievement gaps between subgroups of students. We use…
Descriptors: Accountability, Achievement Gap, Educational Change, Mathematics Achievement
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Wu, Derek – Education Finance and Policy, 2020
Schools often have to decide between extending the length of the school year or the school day. This paper examines the effects of changes in the distribution of instructional time on eighth-grade student achievement through a methodological framework that disaggregates total yearly instructional time into separate inputs for days per year and…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, International Assessment
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Erwin, Christopher; Binder, Melissa – Education Finance and Policy, 2020
We use the natural experiment of a state lottery scholarship to measure the effect of generous financial aid on graduation rates at New Mexico's flagship public university. During the study period, the scholarship program paid full tuition for eight semesters for any state resident earning a 2.5 grade point average in their first semester at any…
Descriptors: Merit Scholarships, State Aid, Public Colleges, Graduation Rate
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Bell, Elizabeth; Wehde, Wesley; Stucky, Madeleine – Education Finance and Policy, 2020
In the wake of declining state support for higher education, many state leaders have adopted lottery earmark policies, which designate lottery revenue to higher education budgets as an alternative funding mechanism. However, despite the ubiquity of lottery earmarks for higher education, it remains unclear whether this new source of revenue serves…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Educational Finance, Financial Support, State Aid
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Bonilla, Sade; Dee, Thomas S. – Education Finance and Policy, 2020
Under waivers to the No Child Left Behind Act, the federal government required states to identify schools where targeted subgroups of students have the lowest achievement and to implement reforms in these "Focus Schools." In this study, we examine the Focus School reforms in the state of Kentucky. The reforms in this state are uniquely…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation, Educational Change, School Turnaround
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Ladd, Helen F.; Singleton, John D. – Education Finance and Policy, 2020
A significant criticism of the charter school movement is that funding for charter schools diverts money away from traditional public schools. The magnitude of such adverse fiscal externalities depends in part on the nature of state and local funding policies. In this paper, we examine the fiscal effects of charter schools on both urban and…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Educational Finance, School Districts, Urban Schools
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Kreisman, Daniel; Stange, Kevin – Education Finance and Policy, 2020
Vocational education is a large part of the high school curriculum, yet we have little understanding of what drives vocational enrollment or whether these courses help or harm early careers. To address this deficiency, we develop a framework for curriculum choice, taking into account ability and preferences for academic and vocational work. We…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, High Schools, Longitudinal Studies, National Surveys
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Conaway, Carrie – Education Finance and Policy, 2020
Research influences policy more often than much of the academic community thinks, and more frequently every day. But its influence is less linear than researchers expect, and it is driven as much by relationships and organizational capacity as by the actual information studies produce. Research use operates through conversations, not code;…
Descriptors: Research Utilization, Educational Policy, Research and Development, Theory Practice Relationship
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Majilla, Tanmoy; Rieger, Matthias – Education Finance and Policy, 2020
Scams involving university degrees are flourishing in many emerging markets. Using a resume experiment in India, this paper studies the impact of "gray degrees," or potentially bought academic credentials from questionable universities, on callback rates to job applications. The experiment varied the type of degree (no, gray, and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Academic Degrees, Deception, Job Applicants
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Lara, Bernardo; Shores, Kenneth A. – Education Finance and Policy, 2020
Revealed preferences for equal college access may be due to beliefs that equal access increases societal income or income equality. To isolate preferences for those goods, we implement an online discrete choice experiment using social statistics generated from true variation among commuting zones. We find that, ceteris paribus, the average income…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Higher Education, Income, Enrollment
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Liu, Vivian Yuen Ting – Education Finance and Policy, 2020
Despite having been the largest source of financial aid to low-income college students in the United States, the traditional Pell Grant had one major limitation: If students enrolled in two semesters full-time, they would not have had any tuition support for the summer term of the same academic year. The year-round Pell (YRP) was implemented in…
Descriptors: Summer Programs, Grants, Summer Schools, Federal Aid
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Schueler, Beth E. – Education Finance and Policy, 2020
Catching students up who have fallen behind academically is a key challenge for educators, and can be difficult to do in a cost-effective manner. This field experiment examines the causal effect of a program designed to provide struggling sixth and seventh graders with math instruction delivered in small groups of roughly ten students by select…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Grade 6, Grade 7, Mathematics Instruction
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Conaway, Carrie; Goldhaber, Dan – Education Finance and Policy, 2020
Education policy makers must make decisions under uncertainty. Thus, how they think about risks has important implications for resource allocation, interventions, innovation, and the information that is provided to the public. In this policy brief we illustrate how the standard of evidence for making decisions can be quite inconsistently applied,…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Decision Making, Standards, Evidence
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Henry, Gary T.; Redding, Christopher – Education Finance and Policy, 2020
Using unique administrative data from North Carolina that allow us to separate classroom teacher turnover during the school year from end-of-year turnover, we find students who lose their teacher during the school year have significantly lower test score gains (on average -7.5 percent of a standard deviation unit) than those students whose…
Descriptors: Faculty Mobility, School Schedules, Achievement Gains, Teacher Student Relationship
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Black, Sandra E.; Cortes, Kalena E.; Lincove, Jane Arnold – Education Finance and Policy, 2020
Access to higher education begins with a student's decision whether and where to apply to college. This paper examines racial and ethnic differences in college application behavior of high school graduates, using two recent graduation cohorts from Texas. We estimate racial and ethnic differences in the probability of applying to college,…
Descriptors: Higher Education, College Applicants, Racial Differences, Ethnicity
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