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Douglas N. Harris; Valentina Martinez-Pabon – Education Finance and Policy, 2024
We describe the levels, trends, and patterns of school closure and restructuring in the United States from 1991 to 2019 across all sectors using a near census of K-12 schools. Focusing on the years with the best available data, 2014-18, we find that the annual closure rate of charter, private, and traditional public schools (TPSs) were 5.1, 2.9,…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, School Restructuring, School Closing, Charter Schools
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Monica Harber Carney – Education Finance and Policy, 2024
Fluctuations in U.S. college football team performance have been shown to have impacts on the student experience. This study explores the long-run implications, examining the impact of college football team performance relative to the period of student attendance on future earnings. Better college football team performance during the early years…
Descriptors: Team Sports, College Athletics, Student Experience, Income
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Raphael Brade – Education Finance and Policy, 2024
Using field experiments, I investigate if provision of (social) information can increase incoming university students' attendance in a voluntary remedial math course. In Intervention 1, treated students receive an invitation letter with or without information about a past sign-up rate for the course. In Intervention 2, among those who signed up…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Cues, Remedial Mathematics, Social Theories
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Margaret Marchant; Jocelyn S. Wikle – Education Finance and Policy, 2024
This study leverages a policy change in the missionary program of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints that exogenously influenced the likelihood that a woman took gap time during college to understand how gap time influences women's subsequent choice of major and academic outcomes. If structured gap time shapes educational outcomes,…
Descriptors: Stopouts, College Enrollment, Academic Persistence, Academic Achievement
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Danielle Sanderson Edwards – Education Finance and Policy, 2024
School transportation may increase student outcomes by providing a reliable and safe means of getting to and from school. Little evidence of the effects of such policies exists. In this paper, I provide some of the first causal evidence of transportation impacts on student attendance and achievement using a rich panel of student-level enrollment…
Descriptors: Student Transportation, Attendance, Academic Achievement, Public Schools
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Nora Gordon; Sarah Reber – Education Finance and Policy, 2024
What can the federal government do to help ensure that the public schools attended by children living in poverty have enough resources to serve their students? In this brief, we describe existing federal efforts to support education spending in high-poverty districts, discuss their limitations, and suggest alternative approaches for federal…
Descriptors: Financial Support, School Support, School Districts, Poverty
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Dan Goldhaber; John M. Krieg; Stephanie Liddle; Roddy Theobald – Education Finance and Policy, 2024
Prior work on teacher candidates in Washington State has shown that about two thirds of individuals who trained to become teachers between 2005 and 2015 and received a teaching credential did not enter the state's public teaching workforce immediately after graduation, while about one third never entered a public teaching job in the state at all.…
Descriptors: Teacher Salaries, Preservice Teachers, Public School Teachers, Wages
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Brunner, Eric J.; Schwegman, David; Vincent, Jeffrey M. – Education Finance and Policy, 2023
We examine how funding for public school facilities varies with school district property wealth and household income. Using data on school facility (i.e., capital) funding in California from fiscal years 1986-87 to 2015-16, we find that funding for school construction and modernization varies widely across districts. Disparities in funding are…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Educational Facilities, Educational Finance, Fiscal Capacity
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Pyne, Jaymes; Messner, Erica; Dee, Thomas S. – Education Finance and Policy, 2023
Evidence that student learning declines or stagnates during summers has motivated an interest in programs providing intensive summer instruction. However, existing literature suggests that such programs have modest effects on achievement and no impact on measures of engagement in school. In this quasi-experimental study, we present evidence on the…
Descriptors: Summer Schools, Academic Achievement, Low Income Students, Middle School Students
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Modestino, Alicia Sasser; Paulsen, Richard – Education Finance and Policy, 2023
Recently there has been an emphasis on how time spent outside of the classroom can affect student outcomes, including high school graduation, with the hope of closing academic achievement gaps along socioeconomic and racial lines. This paper provides experimental evidence regarding a particular type of out-of-school activity--early work…
Descriptors: Summer Programs, Youth Employment, Outcomes of Education, Academic Achievement
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Conger, Dylan; Long, Mark C.; McGhee, Raymond, Jr. – Education Finance and Policy, 2023
To evaluate how Advanced Placement (AP) courses affect college-going, we randomly assigned the offer of enrollment into an AP science course to over 1,800 students in twenty-three schools that had not previously offered the course. We find no AP course effects on students' college entrance exam scores (SAT/ACT). As expected, AP course-takers are…
Descriptors: Advanced Placement, College Entrance Examinations, Scores, Enrollment Rate
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Mabel, Zachary; Hurwitz, Michael D.; Pender, Matea; White, Brooke – Education Finance and Policy, 2023
Gaps in advanced high school coursework by socioeconomic status and geography persist in the United States, even among students with the ability and access to succeed in them. Lack of information on course availability and inaccurate self-perceptions may contribute to these inequities. We report on a large-scale experiment designed to increase…
Descriptors: Course Selection (Students), Advanced Placement, Academic Achievement, High School Students
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Bertoni, Eleonora; Elacqua, Gregory; Hincapié, Diana; Méndez, Carolina; Paredese, Diana – Education Finance and Policy, 2023
This paper uses the 2015 Peruvian national teacher selection process to explore candidates' rank-ordered preferences for public schools. We show that, in seeking a permanent position, candidates prefer schools that are closer to where they attended their Teacher Education Program and that are located in urban areas. These preferences vary by…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Teachers, Preferences, Teacher Education Programs
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Setren, Elizabeth – Education Finance and Policy, 2023
The presence of tablets and laptops in schools has burgeoned in recent years, with $4.9 billion spent on over 10.8 million devices in 2015. Despite the large and increasingly prevalent monetary and time investments in education technology, little causal evidence of its effectiveness exists. I estimate the effect of a Math and English Language Arts…
Descriptors: Tablet Computers, Instructional Effectiveness, Mathematics Education, Language Arts
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Gordanier, John; Ozturk, Orgul; Zhan, Crystal – Education Finance and Policy, 2023
Computer-based testing (CBT) is becoming an increasingly popular format of assessment in educational settings. If students face a digital divide in terms of access to computers at school and at home, CBT may exacerbate measured student achievement gaps. In this paper, we use the rollout of CBT in South Carolina starting in 2015 to investigate its…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Testing, Academic Achievement, Testing Programs, Program Implementation
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