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Mohanty, Madhu S. – Education Economics, 2022
Using US data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth and following propensity score matching analysis, the study demonstrates that church attendance during youth has significant positive effects on an individual's psychological capital endowments in the form of self-esteem, positive attitude and self-satisfaction during adulthood. Since a…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, National Surveys, Churches, Youth
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Caviglia-Harris, Jill L. – Education Economics, 2022
The retention of students is a challenge faced by many universities in countries where participation rates are high. Living learning communities (LLCs) have been adopted by college administrators to increase retention, even though evidence of their effectiveness is largely anecdotal. This paper uses propensity score matching to address selection…
Descriptors: Academic Persistence, Grade Point Average, School Holding Power, Living Learning Centers
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Oberrauch, Luis; Seeber, Günther – Education Economics, 2022
Various studies have examined how the study of economics affects students' views on economic phenomena, yet there is little evidence regarding its impact on teenagers. We study the effect of a recent curriculum reform introducing mandatory economic education on teenagers' attitudes towards economics in Southwest Germany. Our findings reveal that…
Descriptors: Economics Education, Adolescent Attitudes, Required Courses, Foreign Countries
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Venkatesh, Shrathinth – Education Economics, 2022
This paper documents the emerging role of education in the well-known decline in US male working hours. An insignificant hours difference between high school and college graduates becomes a significant 2 hours/week advantage for college graduates within a generation. This growing "college hours premium" is confirmed in alternate data.…
Descriptors: Males, Working Hours, High School Graduates, College Graduates
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Anaya, Lina; Stafford, Frank; Zamarro, Gema – Education Economics, 2022
Despite the promising future of employment opportunities in occupations related to Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM), women remain underrepresented in some STEM occupational fields. We use data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics to study the role of gender differences in achievement and self-perceived ability in math…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Mathematics Achievement, Mathematics Skills, STEM Education
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Xu, Ji; Yu, Dandan – Education Economics, 2022
This study estimates how students suffering from parental conflicts could affect their classmates in Chinese middle schools. We show that children with quarreling parents are more likely to misbehave. Negative spillovers from these potentially troubled peers concentrate on students from economically disadvantaged families. With greater exposure to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Middle School Students, Parents, Conflict
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Falch, Torberg; Strøm, Bjarne; Tovmo, Per – Education Economics, 2022
We study the effects of giving poor females the right to vote in local elections on education spending and teacher-student ratios. To estimate causal effects, we exploit a national voting reform in Norwegian local elections that removed socioeconomic restrictions on female voting rights. The identification strategy exploits heterogeneous changes…
Descriptors: Voting, Females, Economically Disadvantaged, Educational Finance
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Roach, Travis; Whitney, Jacob – Education Economics, 2022
Changing weather patterns and extreme events are not the only outcomes of global climatic change. We investigate the impact of changing weather conditions on human capital development by studying achievement on standardized tests in Math and English/Language Arts for students in grades 3-8. Here we show that increasing average temperature levels…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Elementary School Students, Weather, Heat
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Cyron, Laura; Mehrotra, Rahul – Education Economics, 2022
We analyze the 2007 European financial crisis' impact on the demand for new language skills. The crisis affected German-speaking regions less. Learning German became relatively more attractive for migration and trade. We construct a sub-national database for German as a foreign language exam (TestDaF) participation rates between 2001-2013 and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Economic Climate, German, Language Skills
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Kotlikoff, Phoebe; Rahman, Ahmed S.; Smith, Katherine A. – Education Economics, 2022
This paper analyzes the effects of assignment to a one-year college preparatory program on academic performance in college. We use a large dataset of United States Naval Academy students from the 1988 to 2018 graduating classes, of which a little over 22% received remediation. Exploiting the Academy's unique admissions criteria, we instrument for…
Descriptors: College Preparation, Outcomes of Education, Academic Achievement, Military Schools
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Williams, Rhys J. – Education Economics, 2022
A large and increasing proportion of teaching in UK universities is being fulfilled by staff on casual, rather than permanent, contracts. This paper examines how the proportion of teaching by casual staff affected student satisfaction in 2014-15. We find that an increased proportion of casual teaching leads to lower student satisfaction, even when…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Adjunct Faculty, College Faculty, Student Satisfaction
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Erdsiek, Daniel – Education Economics, 2021
This study analyses the persistence and true state dependence of overqualification, i.e. a mismatch between workers' qualifications and their jobs' educational requirements. Employing individual-level panel data for Germany, we find that overqualification is highly persistent among university graduates over the first ten years of their career…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Overachievement, Education Work Relationship, Employment Qualifications
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Wang, Qing; Lin, Mengyun; Li, Fan – Education Economics, 2021
This paper examines the intergenerational effects of maternal education on adolescents' development in education and health by using data from the China Education Panel Survey. The ordinary least squares and two-stage least squares estimates indicate that maternal education increases both children's cognitive test scores and the probability of…
Descriptors: Educational Attainment, Parent Background, Foreign Countries, Adolescent Development
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Kim, Soobin – Education Economics, 2021
Studies on the cyclicality of higher education examine the relationship between variations in labor market conditions and changes in enrollment. While the majority of the existing literature implicitly assumes an elastic supply of enrollment, this study identifies institutions with supply constraints and investigates how those constraints have…
Descriptors: Enrollment, Economic Climate, Higher Education, Labor Market
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Marioni, Larissa da Silva – Education Economics, 2021
This paper analyses the prevalence of educational mismatch and its effects on wages in Brazil using a large employer-employee dataset. I find that half of the Brazilian labour market is mismatched, with similar proportions of over- and undereducated. Overeducated (undereducated) workers earn significantly lower (higher) than their co-workers who…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Attainment, Labor Market, Wages
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