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Andrietti, Vincenzo; Su, Xuejuan – Education Economics, 2019
We propose a theory of education curricula as horizontally differentiated by their paces. The pace of a curriculum and the preparedness of a student jointly determine the match quality of the curriculum for this student, so different students derive different benefits from learning under the same curriculum. Furthermore, a change in the curricular…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Curriculum Design, Educational Change, Educational Quality
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Sasso, Simone; Ritzen, Jo – Education Economics, 2019
We focus on human capital measured by skills and analyse its relationship with R&D investments and productivity across 12 OECD economies and 17 industries. We compute a measure of sectoral human capital defined as the average cognitive skills of the workforce in each country-sector combination. The variation in labour productivity that can be…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Research and Development, Productivity, Cross Cultural Studies
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Pinar, Mehmet; Milla, Joniada; Stengos, Thanasis – Education Economics, 2019
To create their rankings, university-ranking agencies usually combine multiple performance measures into a composite index. However, both rankings and index scores are sensitive to the weights assigned to performance measures. This paper uses a stochastic dominance efficiency methodology to obtain two extreme, case-weighting vectors using the…
Descriptors: Universities, Reputation, Institutional Evaluation, Evaluation Criteria
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Mandel, Philipp; Süssmuth, Bernd; Sunder, Marco – Education Economics, 2019
This study uses a newly compiled data set of instructional time and student performance by subject across German federal states for student cohorts enrolled at the primary level in the 1990s and tested at the secondary level in the 2000s. It finds evidence for the school inputs-student achievement relationship, taking nonlinearity,…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Teaching Methods, Elementary School Students, Time on Task
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Herber, Stefanie P.; Kalinowski, Michael – Education Economics, 2019
We estimate the percentage of eligible students who do not take up their federal need-based student financial aid entitlements in a microsimulation model for the German Socio-Economic Panel Study 2002--2013. We find that about 40% of the eligible low-income students do not take up their entitlements. Non-take-up is inversely and rather…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Student Financial Aid, Low Income, Eligibility
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Nguyen, Hieu T. M. – Education Economics, 2019
There are large gaps in child education outcomes between the Kinh majority and non-Kinh minorities in Vietnam. This paper seeks to understand the reasons for these ethnic gaps. The examination employs Probit and multilevel regression models, and associated decomposition techniques. The results show that Vietnam's ethnic gap in school enrolment is…
Descriptors: Ethnic Groups, Vietnamese People, Outcomes of Education, Minority Groups
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Faria, João Ricardo; Mixon, Franklin G.; Upadhyaya, Kamal P. – Education Economics, 2019
The present study presents a formal model of the dynamics of a university's reputation that points to the existence of a snowball effect where alumni donations raise a university's reputation, which in turn generates additional alumni donations. Given that econometric results presented in this study confirm the model's main findings, supporting a…
Descriptors: College Graduates, Alumni, Private Financial Support, Fund Raising
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Elamin, Obbey; Rizk, Reham; Adams, John – Education Economics, 2019
We study the effect of private tutoring (PT) on parents' decision to work more using a sample from the Egypt Labor Market Panel Survey in 2012 and apply a semi-parametric recursive bivariate probit model to control for endogeneity. Our finding shows that PT increases father propensity to work overtime by about 2 percentage points (pp) and a…
Descriptors: Tutoring, Urban Areas, Parent Attitudes, Decision Making
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Ivaniushina, Valeria; Makles, Anna M.; Schneider, Kerstin; Alexandrov, Daniil – Education Economics, 2019
This paper uses representative student data from St. Petersburg, Russia to analyze school segregation by parental socioeconomic status and student academic performance. The proposed systematic segregation indices account for ordinal variables and take expected segregation into account. We decompose segregation by school type, school, and classes…
Descriptors: School Segregation, Foreign Countries, Socioeconomic Status, Achievement Tests
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Welsch, David M.; Winden, Matthew – Education Economics, 2019
A gender gap currently exists in college STEM majors, with a lower percentage of females entering math intensive fields. One possible explanation is the advice students receive in high school. We conduct a survey of high school guidance counselors, soliciting their advice regarding hypothetical high school students' college and major choices. We…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, STEM Education, Females, School Counselors
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Velez, Erin; Cominole, Melissa; Bentz, Alexander – Education Economics, 2019
This paper measures the effects of undergraduate student loan debt on graduates' post-college outcomes: employment, additional enrollment, family formation, home ownership, and net worth. The analysis uses data from a nationally representative sample of 2007-08 bachelor's degree recipients. Because a graduate's debt burden is not randomly…
Descriptors: Debt (Financial), Student Loan Programs, College Graduates, Employment
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Dang, Thang – Education Economics, 2019
This paper estimates the causal effects of education on political concern and political participation in Vietnam by employing the 1991 compulsory schooling reform to instrument for plausibly exogenous changes in education. The paper finds that, in general, education does cause favorable impacts on political outcomes. In particular, one more year…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Political Attitudes, Educational Change, Educational History
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Checchi, Daniele; Rettore, Enrico; Girardi, Silvia – Education Economics, 2019
In this paper We present a pilot study providing ICT resources at some Italian junior high schools. In 2009, 156 classes at 6th grade were endowed with additional resources earmarked for purchasing ICT equipment. By selecting an equivalent number of classes in the same schools, we are able to conduct an evaluation of the causal effect of ICT on…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education, Junior High Schools
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Dilmaghani, Maryam – Education Economics, 2019
The present study assesses how education impacts religiosity. Education is instrumented using the changes in the Canadian school leaving age laws. The data are from the Canadian General Social Surveys collected between 1990 and 2011. The effects of education on both affiliation status and religious attendance are considered. Education is found to…
Descriptors: Religion, Beliefs, Catholics, Educational Legislation
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Mangan, John; Trendle, Bernard – Education Economics, 2019
Traineeships have been shown to be successful in generating improved labour market outcomes and are often recommended as a policy option for disadvantaged youth. Regretfully data indicate that one such target group, Indigenous Australians, continues to have lower traineeship completion rates than the non-Indigenous. To address this issue, a…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Mentors, Indigenous Populations, Labor Market
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