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Di Pietro, Giorgio – Education Economics, 2018
This paper uses a standard difference-in-differences approach to examine the effect of the L'Aquila earthquake on the academic performance of the students of the local university. The empirical results indicate that this natural disaster reduced students' probability of graduating on-time and slightly increased students' probability of dropping…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Natural Disasters, College Students, Academic Achievement
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Waddoups, C. Jeffrey – Education Economics, 2018
The study reveals that the positive correlation between formal education and job training (complementarity) has weakened during the 2000s. Using U.S. Census Bureau data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation, the study finds that although workers in all categories of educational attainment felt the decline, the effects were strongest…
Descriptors: Correlation, Education Work Relationship, Educational Trends, Job Training
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Allen, Rebecca; Burgess, Simon; Mayo, Jennifer – Education Economics, 2018
We study the market for teachers in England, in particular teacher turnover. We show that there is a positive raw association between the level of school disadvantage and the turnover rate of its teachers. This association diminishes as we control for school, pupil and local teacher labour market characteristics, but is not eliminated. The…
Descriptors: Labor Market, Teaching (Occupation), Correlation, Disadvantaged Schools
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Hori, Masahiro; Shimizutani, Satoshi – Education Economics, 2018
This paper examines the effect of a tuition-free high school program launched in FY2010 in Japan on the high school enrollment rate and household spending. We have some interesting findings. First, the program contributed to improvement in the high school enrollment rate for poorer households. Second, the program stimulated household spending…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Tuition, High School Students, High Schools
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Lobo, Bento J.; Burke-Smalley, Lisa A. – Education Economics, 2018
We generate selection-adjusted NPV and IRR estimates for a bachelor's degree in the U.S. which account for time-to-graduation, debt financing and tuition levels. We find that a college degree is generally worthwhile, but the private value of the investment is a declining function of time-to-graduation. Selection-adjustments show that for students…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Educational Attainment, Bachelors Degrees, Tuition
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Meyer, Tobias; Thomsen, Stephan L. – Education Economics, 2018
We study the effects of learning intensity and duration of high school on students' motivation, abilities and achievements at university. The empirical analysis is based on primary panel data from an education reform in the German state of Saxony-Anhalt that reduced university preparatory schooling from 13 to 12 years but left the curriculum…
Descriptors: College Students, Student Motivation, Academic Achievement, Educational Change
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Lee, Kyung-Gon; Polachek, Solomon W. – Education Economics, 2018
This paper analyzes how changes in school expenditures affect dropout rates based on data from 466 school districts in New York during the 2003/04 to the 2007/08 school years. Past traditional regression approaches show mixed results in part because school expenditures are likely endogenous, so that one cannot disentangle cause and effect. The…
Descriptors: Dropout Rate, Budgeting, Budgets, Expenditures
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Walsh, Sharon; Flannery, Darragh; Cullinan, John – Education Economics, 2018
We utilise a dataset of students in their final year of upper secondary education in Ireland to provide a detailed examination of the preferences of prospective students for higher education institutions (HEIs). Our analysis is based upon a discrete choice experiment methodology with willingness to pay estimates derived for specific HEI attributes…
Descriptors: Preferences, College Bound Students, Student Attitudes, High School Seniors
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Kiss, Hubert János; Selei, Adrienn – Education Economics, 2018
Success in life is determined to a large extent by school performance, which in turn depends heavily on grades obtained in exams. In this study, we investigate a particular type of exam: multiple-choice tests. More concretely, we study if patterns of correct answers in multiple-choice tests affect performance. We design an experiment to study if…
Descriptors: Multiple Choice Tests, Control Groups, Experimental Groups, Test Format
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Datta Gupta, Nabanita; Dubey, Amaresh; Simonsen, Marianne – Education Economics, 2018
We evaluate the impact of educational reforms starting from the mid-1990s in India on the school attendance rate of low-income rural children aged 6-14 compared to ineligible rural children, employing NSSO data from 1983 to 2004/2005. We estimate a triple difference model allowing for differential (linear) trends and find a positive causal effect…
Descriptors: Attendance Patterns, Rural Areas, Social Class, Foreign Countries
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Federicová, Miroslava; Pertold, Filip; Smith, Michael L. – Education Economics, 2018
To sort pupils at the end of primary school, some early-tracking systems apply a mechanism that unwittingly divides classes into two groups: students preparing for exams to enter better schools and everyone else, who decide not to compete for selective schools. Utilizing TIMSS data and a follow-up study in the Czech Republic, we show that this…
Descriptors: Self Esteem, Competition, Track System (Education), Mathematics
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Li, Jia – Education Economics, 2018
This study measures the effect of ethnic favoritism on primary education using data from the Kenya Demographic and Health Survey. In line with previous studies, this study confirms that having a coethnic president is expected to improve the likelihood of completing primary education. This study demonstrates that ethnic favoritism operates at the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary Education, Ethnic Groups, Social Discrimination
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Simo Fotso, Arlette; Solaz, Anne; Diene, Mbaye; Tsafack Nanfosso, Roger – Education Economics, 2018
Although most of the world's disabled people live in developing countries, little is known about the consequences of disability in this part of the world. Using the DHS-MICS 2011 data of Cameroon, this paper contributes to the literature by providing new robust estimates of the effect of child disability on education in a developing country…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Human Capital, Children, Disabilities
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Rettore, Enrico; Rocco, Lorenzo; Dal Maso, Carlo – Education Economics, 2018
We evaluate two reforms that modified the procedures of recruitment and promotion in Italian academia to balance the preeminent role of the recruiting school and to counter nepotism. We theoretically derive the decision rule of the evaluation committees and test it against data including information from all selections to associate and full…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, College Faculty, Faculty Promotion, Teacher Recruitment
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Xu, Yilan; Fan, Linlin – Education Economics, 2018
This study estimates peer effects in diverse friendship networks by friend types. Evidence from friendship networks for 57,351 U.S. high school adolescents demonstrates that adolescents are more likely to make friends with someone of the same immigrant status or ethnicity ('similar friends') than those with different backgrounds ('dissimilar…
Descriptors: Friendship, Peer Influence, Adolescents, Behavior Problems
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