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Keily, Tom – Education Commission of the States, 2019
The notion that the U.S. has a growing skills gap -- the difference between what employers need to fill in-demand positions and the skill of the current workforce -- is a hot topic among policymakers. By 2020, 65 percent of jobs will require postsecondary education and training beyond high school, according to the Georgetown University Center on…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, High School Students, Job Skills, Skill Development
Rafa, Alyssa – Education Commission of the States, 2019
Exclusionary discipline -- suspensions or expulsions that remove students from the learning environment -- can have long-lasting, negative impacts on a student's trajectory. Research suggests that students who are suspended or expelled suffer academically and are more likely to drop out and be involved in the criminal justice system later in life.…
Descriptors: State Policy, Suspension, Expulsion, Elementary Secondary Education
Wixom, Micah Ann – Education Commission of the States, 2019
Open enrollment is a form of school choice allowing students to select and transfer to a school of their choice, rather than attending a school based on where they live. Students may be allowed to transfer to another school within their resident school district (intradistrict) or to a school in another district (interdistrict). Some state leaders…
Descriptors: Open Enrollment, School Choice, Transfer Policy, Transfer Students
Mann, Sharmila – Education Commission of the States, 2019
This Policy Brief provides a detailed look at 529 education savings plans -- investment accounts with tax advantages -- including a breakdown of maximum annual dollar amounts and state tax deductions allowed, state responses to the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, information on legislation in 2018 that changes eligible expenses allowed under 529 plans and…
Descriptors: Investment, Taxes, Federal State Relationship, State Policy
Education Commission of the States, 2019
In December 2015, the U.S. Congress passed the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) and, with it, ushered in a new era of education policy in America. Leaving behind many of the most criticized aspects of its predecessor, No Child Left Behind (NCLB), this new incarnation of the primary federal legislation guiding K-12 education provides state and…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Art Education
Whinnery, Erin; Pompelia, Sarah – Education Commission of the States, 2019
For many students, developmental education is the largest obstacle to college success, hindering progress before they ever enroll in a college-level course. Postsecondary practitioners and researchers have been re-examining and challenging many traditional elements of developmental education from placement strategies to the sequence of courses…
Descriptors: Developmental Studies Programs, Educational Policy, Postsecondary Education, College Students
Ganga, Elizabeth; Mazzariello, Amy – Education Commission of the States, 2019
Community colleges and open-access, four-year colleges admit nearly everyone who applies and enroll students with a wide range of skills. Many of these colleges run developmental education programs for students who they determine are underprepared for college-level courses. More than two-thirds of community college students are assigned to…
Descriptors: Student Placement, Student Evaluation, Community Colleges, Two Year College Students
Pompelia, Sarah; Macdonald, Heidi – Education Commission of the States, 2019
Change swept throughout the country with the 2018 elections, bringing 20 new governors into office. Whether returning or starting their first term, governors are taking the opportunity in their State of the State addresses to highlight achievements and outline plans for the future. Every governor who has given an address has mentioned an…
Descriptors: State Officials, Educational Finance, Labor Force Development, Teacher Effectiveness
Keily, Tom; Evans, Alyssa; Atchison, Bruce – Education Commission of the States, 2019
This Policy Guide draws on work with five states to provide context and guidance for policymakers looking to strengthen the pre-K to K-3 continuum and create opportunities to close the achievement gap. It includes a tear-out page of guiding questions at the end.
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Achievement Gap, State Policy, Alignment (Education)
von Zastrow, Claus; Perez, Zeke, Jr. – Education Commission of the States, 2019
Every U.S. state and the District of Columbia maintain a system to collect and store education data. These systems vary widely in their scope and sophistication -- and, by extension, in their ability to provide information that can guide decision-making. Most states have developed statewide longitudinal data systems, which establish formal…
Descriptors: Data Collection, Elementary Secondary Education, Early Childhood Education, Postsecondary Education
Rafa, Alyssa – Education Commission of the States, 2018
The practice of seclusion generally refers to procedures that isolate a student from others, while restraint refers to the physical holding or mechanical restriction of a student's movement. While these practices are typically utilized as tools for addressing imminent safety concerns, the use of restraint or seclusion on students who are…
Descriptors: Discipline Policy, Discipline Problems, School Policy, State Legislation
Rafa, Alyssa – Education Commission of the States, 2018
Suspensions and expulsions have long been employed in schools to discipline students for disruptive behavior and maintain a safe school environment. However, a growing body of research suggests that these types of disciplinary interventions negatively impact student achievement and increase both students' risk of dropping out and their likelihood…
Descriptors: Suspension, Expulsion, Discipline Problems, Behavior Problems
Zinth, Jennifer – Education Commission of the States, 2018
Federal requirements stipulate that states and local education agencies annually calculate and report an Adjusted Cohort Graduation Rate, disaggregated by student group. The ACGR includes all students who graduate from high school in four years with a regular high school diploma, plus all students with the most significant cognitive disabilities…
Descriptors: Graduation Rate, High School Graduates, Graduation Requirements, State Programs
Rafa, Alyssa – Education Commission of the States, 2018
Exclusionary and punitive school discipline policies, such as suspensions and expulsions, allow educators to remove students from the classroom for poor behavior or misconduct. However, emerging research suggests that these practices also increase the likelihood that students repeat grades, are excessively absent from school, drop out entirely…
Descriptors: Discipline Policy, Student Behavior, Behavior Problems, Suspension
Sarubbi, Molly; Pingel, Sarah – Education Commission of the States, 2018
Postsecondary education is one of the largest investments that students and their families make, with average yearly cost of attendance--including tuition, fees, room and board--of just under $17,000 to attend a public institution in the 2015-16 academic year. In the context of increasing college costs, aid dollars have failed to keep pace with…
Descriptors: Paying for College, Student Financial Aid, State Policy, Costs
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