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Carnoy, Martin – Economic Policy Institute, 2017
Betsy DeVos, the new U.S. secretary of education, is a strong proponent of allowing public education dollars to go to private schools through vouchers, which enable parents to use public school money to enroll their children in private schools, including religious ones. Vouchers are advanced under the rubric of "school choice"--the…
Descriptors: Educational Vouchers, Academic Achievement, Foreign Countries, Student Improvement
Allegretto, Sylvia A.; Mishel, Lawrence – Economic Policy Institute, 2016
An effective teacher is the most important school-based determinant of education outcomes. Therefore it is crucial that school districts recruit and retain high-quality teachers. This is increasingly challenging given that the supply of teachers has been greatly affected by high early to mid-career turnover rates, annual retirements of longtime…
Descriptors: Teacher Salaries, Comparable Worth, Salary Wage Differentials, Compensation (Remuneration)
García, Emma; Weiss, Elaine – Economic Policy Institute, 2016
The importance of so-called noncognitive skills--which include abilities and traits such as critical thinking skills, problem solving skills, social skills, persistence, creativity, and self-control--manifests itself in multiple ways throughout life. This policy brief, which focuses on a set of skills that can and should be taught in schools, is…
Descriptors: Child Development, Social Development, Emotional Development, Thinking Skills
Bivens, Josh; García, Emma; Gould, Elise; Weiss, Elaine; Wilson, Valerie – Economic Policy Institute, 2016
Nearly 7 years into the recovery from the Great Recession, two glaring problems remain in the U.S. economy. One is a significant slowdown in the growth of productivity (the amount of output and income generated in an average hour of work). The other is the destructive rise in income inequality in recent decades due largely to big corporations and…
Descriptors: Investment, Human Capital, Knowledge Economy, Educational Benefits
Morsy, Leila; Rothstein, Richard – Economic Policy Institute, 2015
Recent developments in employment practices have increased the prevalence of non-standard work schedules--non-daytime shifts in which most hours do not fall between 8 a.m. and 4 p.m., when shifts rotate, or when schedules vary weekly or otherwise. For example, computer software now enables retail, restaurant, service, and other firms to predict…
Descriptors: Employed Parents, Working Hours, Child Rearing, Child Development
García, Emma; Weiss, Elaine – Economic Policy Institute, 2015
Understanding disparities in school readiness among America's children when they begin kindergarten is critically important, now more than ever. In today's 21st century global economy, it is expected that the great majority of children will complete high school ready to enter college or begin a career, and assume their civic responsibilities. This…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Equal Education, Early Childhood Education, Social Influences
Garcia, Emma – Economic Policy Institute, 2015
Inequalities in education outcomes such as test scores or degree attainment have been at the center of education policy debates for decades. Indeed, the first seminal national report on the state of U.S. education--the 1966 Coleman Report--examined some of these inequalities 50 years ago. Since then, researchers have examined performance gaps by…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Equal Education, Early Childhood Education, Social Influences
Morsy, Leila; Rothstein, Richard – Economic Policy Institute, 2015
That students' social and economic characteristics shape their cognitive and behavioral outcomes is well established, yet policymakers typically resist accepting that non-school disadvantages necessarily depress outcomes. Rather, they look to better schools and teachers to close achievement gaps, and consistently come up short. This report…
Descriptors: Disadvantaged, Social Class, Academic Achievement, Child Rearing
Garcia, Emma – Economic Policy Institute, 2014
Multiple traits compose a broad definition of what it means to be an educated person. Indisputably, being an educated person is associated with having a certain command of a curriculum, and knowledge of theories and facts from various disciplines. This paper contends that noncognitive skills should be an explicit pillar of education policy. It…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Skill Development, Guidelines, Policy Formation
Rothstein, Richard – Economic Policy Institute, 2014
School reform alone cannot substantially improve the performance of the poorest African American students. This performance problem must be addressed primarily by improving the social and economic conditions that bring too many children to school unprepared to take advantage of what schools have to offer. Integrating disadvantaged black students…
Descriptors: Racial Segregation, School Segregation, Educational History, Educational Policy
García, Emma; Weiss, Elaine – Economic Policy Institute, 2014
Closing achievement gaps--disparities in academic achievement between minority and white students, and between low-income and higher-income students--has long been an unrealized goal of U.S. education policy. It has now been 60 years since the Supreme Court declared "separate but equal" schools unconstitutional in "Brown v. Board of…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, School Segregation, Student Characteristics, Poverty
Rothstein, Richard – Economic Policy Institute, 2014
May 17 is the 60th anniversary of "Brown v. Board of Education," the U.S. Supreme Court's 1954 decision that prohibited Southern states from segregating schools by race. The "Brown" decision annihilated the "separate but equal" rule, previously sanctioned by the Supreme Court in 1896, that permitted states and school…
Descriptors: Desegregation Litigation, School Desegregation, Success, Racial Differences
Lafer, Gordon – Economic Policy Institute, 2014
During the past year, Wisconsin state legislators debated a series of bills aimed at closing low-performing public schools and replacing them with privately run charter schools. These proposals were particularly targeted at Milwaukee, the state's largest and poorest school district. Ultimately, the only legislation enacted was a bill that modestly…
Descriptors: Privatization, Program Proposals, Program Evaluation, Educational Quality
Jacobsen, Rebecca; Rothstein, Richard – Economic Policy Institute, 2014
In this commentary the authors open with the assertion that contemporary education policy, whatever else it may or may not have accomplished, has narrowed the school curriculum by holding schools accountable primarily for their student scores in math and reading. They pursue this argument by pointing out that in surveys, the American public,…
Descriptors: Educational History, National Competency Tests, Accountability, Scores
Shierholz, Heidi; Davis, Alyssa; Kimball, Will – Economic Policy Institute, 2014
The Great Recession officially ended in June 2009. However, the labor market has made agonizingly slow progress toward a full recovery, and the slack that remains continues to be devastating for workers of all ages. The weak labor market has been, and continues to be, very tough on young workers. Though the labor market is headed in the right…
Descriptors: College Graduates, Labor Market, Economic Climate, High School Graduates
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