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Juergensen, Kaitlin; Mattingly, Rhonda; Pitts, Teresa; Smith, Alan F. – Early Years: An International Journal of Research and Development, 2021
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a heterogeneous neurodevelopmental disorder whose symptoms may involve deficits across three domains: communication, socialization and atypical behaviors or interests. With a high prevalence across populations and a tendency to impact males more than females, early and accurate diagnosis appears critical. The most…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Preschool Children, Clinical Diagnosis
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Tajik, Mehrnaz; Singer, Elly – Early Years: An International Journal of Research and Development, 2021
This paper discusses collaborative research between academics and practitioners to enhance the level of play engagement in nine groups of toddlers in The Netherlands. Researchers and pedagogic counsellors designed a structured experiment to test the effects of four pedagogical strategies: confronting the children with a rearranged activity corner;…
Descriptors: Cooperation, Research, Theory Practice Relationship, Play
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Višnjic Jevtic, Adrijana; Halavuk, Antonija – Early Years: An International Journal of Research and Development, 2021
Due to increasing demand for early childhood education, ensuring the quality of early childhood institutions has become an imperative. The quality of such institutions depends on the professional development, competences and behaviour (both positive and negative) of teachers. However, early years teachers appear to be vulnerable to 'burn-out'…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Teachers, Teacher Burnout, Teacher Attitudes, Foreign Countries
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Kellogg, David; Li, Fang – Early Years: An International Journal of Research and Development, 2021
A grandmother attempts to teach her four-year-old granddaughter the multiplication tables using simple repetition, but they repeatedly start over at 'three fives'; the child keeps coming up with 'thirty-five'. We consider three possible explanations: self-perpetuating frequency of behavior, saliency of memory and Vygotsky's next or proximal zones…
Descriptors: Grandparents, Parent Child Relationship, Multiplication, Mathematics Instruction
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Franzén, Karin; Hjalmarsson, Maria – Early Years: An International Journal of Research and Development, 2021
This article focuses on Swedish preschool managers' views of their tasks and daily work: activities, conditions, challenges and ideas on leadership. Five preschool managers were asked to write diary notes during a couple of weeks at work. Through the analysis process, we were inspired by Yukl's hierarchical behaviour taxonomy. The taxonomy divides…
Descriptors: Preschools, Administrator Attitudes, Educational Administration, Administrators
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Silberfeld, C. H.; Mitchell, H. – Early Years: An International Journal of Research and Development, 2021
This study explores perceptions of recent graduates from UK institutions who have undertaken Early Childhood Studies (ECS) degrees, following on from a similar study nearly two decades ago. Although there are clear similarities, it is the differences which bring a new dimension and focus. Data were gathered from graduates at 11 UK institutions…
Descriptors: College Graduates, Beginning Teachers, Early Childhood Education, Preservice Teacher Education
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Grant, Julian; Gregoric, Carolyn; Jovanovic, Jessie; Parry, Yvonne; Walsh, Kerryann – Early Years: An International Journal of Research and Development, 2021
The first five years of a child's life are irrefutably important, establishing life-long health, social and economic outcomes. To optimize these outcomes, global policy is directing professionals from a range of disciplinary backgrounds to work more collaboratively than ever before with children in the early years. Such collaborations have proven…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Preschool Children, Interdisciplinary Approach, Preservice Teacher Education
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Nilsen, Malin; Lundin, Mona; Wallerstedt, Cecilia; Pramling, Niklas – Early Years: An International Journal of Research and Development, 2021
The use of apps in preschool has increased considerably during the last few years. Studies have shown that digital technologies are sometimes used to replace analogue artefacts in educational settings. This calls for studies on how the use of apps transforms preschool activities. This study empirically investigates how preschool children play…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Preschool Education, Computer Oriented Programs, Educational Technology
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Lemay, Lise; Cantin, Gilles; Lemire, Julie; Bouchard, Caroline – Early Years: An International Journal of Research and Development, 2021
The objective of this paper is to present the conception and validation of the Quality of Educators' Observation and Planning Practices Scale (QEOPPS). The instrument assesses the quality of early childhood educators' observation practices (observing children, collecting information, using the collected information, paying attention to each child)…
Descriptors: Test Construction, Test Validity, Observation, Educational Planning
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Kim, Yanghee A.; An, Sohyun; Bell, Douglas; Jean-Sigur, Raynice; Basch, Mary – Early Years: An International Journal of Research and Development, 2021
In the US state of Georgia, teachers licensed to teach children from birth through Kindergarten (B-K, ages 0-5) or pre-Kindergarten (pre-K) to Grade 5 (p-5, ages 4-10) can teach pre-K and K in the public school system. Concerns have been raised about the unequal job opportunities for B-K candidates in the public school system because of the…
Descriptors: Preschool Teachers, Student Attitudes, Preschool Education, Kindergarten
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Avornyo, Esinam Ami; Baker, Sara – Early Years: An International Journal of Research and Development, 2021
The purpose of this study was to examine Ghanaian stakeholders' beliefs about the role and importance of play in early years (3 to 5 years) children's learning, referred to as play-learning beliefs. A survey design was adopted in order to gather data necessary to examine the differences among stakeholders' play-learning beliefs. A total of 292…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Stakeholders, Beliefs, Play
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Kinkead-Clark, Zoyah – Early Years: An International Journal of Research and Development, 2021
There has been much debate about the profile of the child who is ready for primary school. Thirty-three teachers from pre-primary and primary schools in Jamaica participated in a series of focus group discussions as part of a discursive approach to understanding children's readiness. Four themes emerged which were guided by the research questions:…
Descriptors: School Readiness, Preschool Teachers, Elementary School Teachers, Teacher Attitudes
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Rayna, Sylvie; Garnier, Pascale – Early Years: An International Journal of Research and Development, 2021
In our research on the quality of ECEC settings in France, we were inspired by the 'Mosaic approach' developed by Clark and Moss to take into account the viewpoint of the children aged 2-3 years, who are welcomed in this study through the 'voice' of photography. The aim of this article is to analyse the results of the children's practices of…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Photography, Preschool Education, Educational Quality
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Beers, Courtney – Early Years: An International Journal of Research and Development, 2021
Transitions in early childhood can create unease for young children, which may be reflected in their internalizing or externalizing behaviors. It is important to ensure that any large or small transition ends in positive attitudes towards school experiences. This case study describes the events that led up to and followed an abrupt preschool…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Preschool Children, Preschool Education, Resilience (Psychology)
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Buckler, E. Jean; Bredin, Shannon S. D. – Early Years: An International Journal of Research and Development, 2021
Early childhood is an opportune time to develop physical literacy, acquire movement skills, and promote physical activity. Little is known about early childhood educators' competence (ECEs) and confidence in physical literacy knowledge and its application to practice. The purpose of this research was to examine the competence and confidence of…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Teachers, Teacher Competencies, Knowledge Level, Self Efficacy
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