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Palmér, Hanna; Henriksson, Jenny; Hussein, Rania – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2016
In recent years the interest in preschool mathematics has increased. However, studies seldom focus on children under the age of three and research is scarce on the early use of mathematics observed in natural settings. This article reports a study of mathematical possibilities during diaper changing in a preschool setting. A diaper change can be a…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Preschool Children, Toddlers, Mathematics Instruction
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Marshall, Jennifer – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2011
Infant brain development is a dynamic process dependent upon endogenous and exogenous stimulation and a supportive environment. A critical period of brain and neurosensory development occurs during the third trimester and into the "fourth" trimester (first three months of life). Disruption, damage, or deprivation in the infant's social and…
Descriptors: Infants, Perceptual Development, Child Development, Brain
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Seo, So-Jung – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2006
Using a sample of 42 Korean mothers whose infants are cared for by someone at non-maternal child care facilities, this study first examined both main effects and interaction effects between maternal knowledge of infant development and maternal self-efficacy on parenting behavior. Second, the combined effects of variables of interest in this study…
Descriptors: Infant Care, Mothers, Self Efficacy, Ethnic Groups
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Recchia, Susan L.; Berr, Christy N.; Hsiung, Madeline – Early Childhood Education Journal, 1998
Explored caregivers' perceptions concerning inclusion of infants and toddlers with special needs, as well as their actual behaviors toward these children. Findings indicated that while individual differences in infant behavior may affect caregiving need more than differences specific to a particular risk condition, caregivers' perceptions about…
Descriptors: Caregiver Attitudes, Caregiver Child Relationship, Child Caregivers, Disabilities
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Hagens, Helen E. – Early Childhood Education Journal, 1997
Suggests strategies for caregivers to encourage peer interactions in infant/toddler programs. Strategies include helping children become familiar with surroundings and one another, maintaining social groups and friendships, varying the number and types of toys available at one time, controlling the number of children in a particular space, and…
Descriptors: Caregiver Role, Day Care, Infant Care, Infants
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Caulfield, Rick – Early Childhood Education Journal, 1996
Reviews current research on infant and toddler physical development, cognitive development, and language acquisition. Provides a list of suggested activities, safety concerns, and opportunities for caregivers to enhance child development. (SD)
Descriptors: Accident Prevention, Caregiver Role, Child Caregivers, Child Development
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Caulfield, Rick – Early Childhood Education Journal, 1996
The second of a four-part series on the development of infants and toddlers, this article reviews current research on social and emotional development during the first two years and provides a selected list of activities designed to promote infants' optimal development. Attachment behavior and affective behavior are two major topics explored. (EV)
Descriptors: Affective Behavior, Attachment Behavior, Developmental Stages, Emotional Development
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Pavia, Louise S.; Da Ros, Denise – Early Childhood Education Journal, 1997
Discusses how providing developmentally appropriate choices to toddlers can prevent conflicts during caregiving tasks and daily routines in child care settings. Emphasizes maintaining a balance between children's needs and adult issues of time and space. Notes the importance of examining one's feelings and values to increase awareness of one's…
Descriptors: Caregiver Child Relationship, Day Care, Developmentally Appropriate Practices, Infant Behavior
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Caulfield, Rick – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2000
Reviews selected research on the beneficial effects of tactile stimulation on infants. Examines the results of studies with animals, preterm infants, cocaine- and HIV-exposed preterm infants, and normal full-term infants. Briefly discusses caregiving implications and offers suggestions on how caregivers can incorporate tactile stimulation in…
Descriptors: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, Child Caregivers, Child Development, Early Childhood Education
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Ueda, Dawn; Caulfield, Rick – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2001
Discusses the role of the Child Life Specialist in helping to meet the special needs of medically fragile children. Argues that since many child care professionals may come into contact with medically fragile children at some point in their careers, it is important to examine child life as a specialization in the health care profession. (SD)
Descriptors: Caregiver Role, Child Development, Child Health, Chronic Illness
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Oren, Thomas A.; Ruhl, Kathy L. – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2000
Investigated the reliability and item appropriateness, as discerned by adults affiliated with an infant center, of the Caregiver-Environment Scale (CES). Found the CES to be an easy to use, reliable instrument for evaluation. (Author/SD)
Descriptors: Caregiver Child Relationship, Child Caregivers, Child Development, Day Care
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Caulfield, Rick – Early Childhood Education Journal, 1995
Reviews literature suggesting that a sociocultural model of infant social development is needed to examine variable influencing infants' interactions with caregivers. Significant variables include familial influences and cultural expectations. Positive development requires that these variables lead to adults who respond appropriately to infant…
Descriptors: Caregiver Child Relationship, Child Rearing, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Processes
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Leidman, Mary Beth – Early Childhood Education Journal, 1995
Discusses experiences in finding appropriate child care for a 10-month-old American infant in Israel. Criteria included location, caregiver-child ratio, caregiver background and training, physical plant, and equipment. Noticed consistent and intense interest in child's welfare, even by strangers on the street. Caregivers allowed child greater…
Descriptors: Caregiver Child Relationship, Child Caregivers, Comparative Analysis, Comparative Education