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Albarracín, Lluís – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2021
This study presents a teaching experiment in which second-grade primary school students compared a city and a town according to population estimates. The activities were presented to them as Fermi problems and required an analysis of the reality to identify sub-problems that students could deal with. The students' products were analyzed from the…
Descriptors: Grade 2, Elementary School Students, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematical Models
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Clark, Sarah K.; Judd, Emma; Smith, Leigh K.; Ahlstrom, Emily – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2021
The purpose of this study was to evaluate a form of writing instruction designed to teach second-graders to write compare and contrast informational texts. 73% of the participants (N = 45) were White, 22% were Hispanic, 2% were Asian, and 1% were Black, with 63% of the students eligible for free or reduced lunch. 48% of the students were female…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 2, Writing Instruction, Integrated Activities
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Ulusoy, Mustafa – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2019
The goals of this formative experiment were threefold: (a) to teach the story/visual elements and characteristics of picturebooks to pre-service teachers (PSTs) from the classroom teacher education department and to help them use these elements with elementary school students, (b) to enable the PSTs to create original self-published picturebooks…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Grade 3, Grade 4, Picture Books
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Klvacek, Michelle L.; Monroe, Eula E.; Wilcox, Brad; Hall-Kenyon, Kendra M.; Morrison, Timothy G. – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2019
Dyad reading is a modified version of the Neurological Impress Method in which a lead reader and an assisted reader sit side by side and read aloud a shared text in unison. This cooperative peer-assisted reading strategy has been shown to be effective in helping English-proficient and English-learning children. What is unclear is how dyad reading…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 2, English Language Learners, Reading Instruction
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Linder, Deborah E.; Mueller, Megan K.; Gibbs, Debra M.; Alper, Jean A.; Freeman, Lisa M. – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2018
Reading skills are an important component of academic success for school-age youth, and are associated with increased academic performance and positive attitudes about school. The presence of an animal appears to reduce stress during reading. Therefore, the goal of this study was to assess the feasibility and effects of a 6-week after-school…
Descriptors: Animals, Intervention, Reading Skills, Student Attitudes
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Kuhn, Karen E.; Rausch, Casey M.; McCarty, Tiffany G.; Montgomery, Sarah E.; Rule, Audrey C. – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2017
Many primary grade students are not afforded nonfiction-rich opportunities, with fiction comprising the majority of books read aloud in classrooms. With the Common Core Standards recommending that half of the texts made available to students be nonfiction, educators are increasing their use of informational text. The present study explored the…
Descriptors: Nonfiction, Reading Comprehension, Vocabulary Development, Vocabulary Skills
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Kirnan, Jean; Siminerio, Steven; Wong, Zachary – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2016
An existing school program in which therapy dogs are integrated into the reading curriculum was analyzed to determine the effect on student reading. Previous literature suggests an improvement in both reading skills and attitudes towards reading when students read in the presence of a therapy dog. Using a mixed method model, the researchers…
Descriptors: Reading Skills, Therapy, Reading Attitudes, Reading Programs
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Alford, Beverly L.; Rollins, Kayla B.; Padrón, Yolanda N.; Waxman, Hersh C. – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2016
Researchers observed pre-kindergarten through second-grade public school classrooms, specifically noting child-centered and teacher-directed pedagogical approaches, by simultaneously examining: (a) student behavior and activities, (b) teacher instructional orientation and rationale, and (c) overall classroom environment. Dissimilar to previous…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Observation, Kindergarten, Preschool Education
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Xu, Tingting; Jones, Ithel – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2016
The purpose of the study was to examine the influences of age, family socio-economic status (SES), and parents' food knowledge on preschool, kindergarten, and second grade students' conceptual understanding of food and nutrition. Fifty-two parent-child dyads, consisting of 17 preschoolers, 17 kindergartners, and 18 second graders participated in…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Socioeconomic Influences, Parents, Knowledge Level
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Bradford, Kendall L.; Newland, Amanda C.; Rule, Audrey C.; Montgomery, Sarah E. – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2016
Recently-adopted standards call for more emphasis on writing in early elementary grades. Rubrics may assist students in attending to important characteristics of effective writing, but research data on their use in early childhood is lacking. This study explores the effects of rubric use on writing instruction of opinion paragraphs for 20 first…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Scoring Rubrics, Writing Instruction
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Giles, Rebecca M.; Tunks, Karyn – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2015
Teachers' assumptions about teaching and learning have a critical impact on pedagogical practices. This study was conducted to investigate the perceptions of early childhood educators regarding children's acquisition of literacy in an attempt to gain a picture of current instructional practices. Prekindergarten through second grade teachers…
Descriptors: Preschool Teachers, Teacher Attitudes, Reading Instruction, Early Childhood Education
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O'Neil, Kathleen Ellen – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2015
Children of elementary school age are in the process of discovering and establishing their self-identity through talk, gesture, writing, and, especially, the arts. While they can sometimes find room to exert their individuality in their daily classroom assignments, it is more often in the spaces open to social interaction in school in which this…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Self Concept, Grade 2, Personal Autonomy
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Fair, Cynthia D.; Delaplane, Emily – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2015
Service learning has become increasingly popular across all levels of education. Previous literature emphasizes that reflection is an important aspect of service learning. However, limited focus has been given to appropriate methods of reflection for younger children. This longitudinal study followed 31 second-grade children (15 females; mean age…
Descriptors: Service Learning, Longitudinal Studies, Grade 2, Elementary School Students
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Caldarella, Paul; Williams, Leslie; Hansen, Blake D.; Wills, Howard – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2015
Comprehensive evidence-based interventions are needed to help early childhood educators manage challenging student behaviors. One such intervention, class-wide function-related intervention teams (CW-FIT), is a multi-tiered behavioral intervention program based on positive behavior support principles, including four main elements: (a) teaching…
Descriptors: Student Behavior, Elementary School Students, Intervention, Early Childhood Education
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Zhbanova, Ksenia S.; Rule, Audrey C.; Stichter, Mary K. – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2015
Research into identification of gifted early childhood students of minority groups through classroom activities is lacking. A focus in the United States on students with learning challenges and a lack of awareness of educators concerning the needs of early childhood gifted students are important causes of this situation. The current case study…
Descriptors: Academically Gifted, Identification, African American Students, Elementary School Students
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