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Kuhn, Karen E.; Rausch, Casey M.; McCarty, Tiffany G.; Montgomery, Sarah E.; Rule, Audrey C. – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2017
Many primary grade students are not afforded nonfiction-rich opportunities, with fiction comprising the majority of books read aloud in classrooms. With the Common Core Standards recommending that half of the texts made available to students be nonfiction, educators are increasing their use of informational text. The present study explored the…
Descriptors: Nonfiction, Reading Comprehension, Vocabulary Development, Vocabulary Skills
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Cavanaugh, Dena M.; Clemence, Kimberly J.; Teale, Mikaila M.; Rule, Audrey C.; Montgomery, Sarah E. – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2017
This study explored the effects of literacy-rich sociodramatic guided play on kindergarten student literacy performance and behavior. Kindergarten students of varying socioeconomic status attending two elementary schools in the same school district participated in this repeated measures, counterbalanced design study. Students received the mandated…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Emergent Literacy, Reading Tests, Reading Fluency
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Bradford, Kendall L.; Newland, Amanda C.; Rule, Audrey C.; Montgomery, Sarah E. – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2016
Recently-adopted standards call for more emphasis on writing in early elementary grades. Rubrics may assist students in attending to important characteristics of effective writing, but research data on their use in early childhood is lacking. This study explores the effects of rubric use on writing instruction of opinion paragraphs for 20 first…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Scoring Rubrics, Writing Instruction
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Zhbanova, Ksenia S.; Rule, Audrey C.; Stichter, Mary K. – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2015
Research into identification of gifted early childhood students of minority groups through classroom activities is lacking. A focus in the United States on students with learning challenges and a lack of awareness of educators concerning the needs of early childhood gifted students are important causes of this situation. The current case study…
Descriptors: Academically Gifted, Identification, African American Students, Elementary School Students
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Rule, Audrey C.; Webb, Angela Naomi – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2015
The cause of day and night is a difficult concept to master without concrete foundational skills of understanding shadows, rotation, changing point of view, and relative positions of objects in the sky. This pretest-posttest experimental-control group study examined student learning in a science-literacy-spatial skills integrated unit with…
Descriptors: Scientific Concepts, Integrated Activities, Literacy, Spatial Ability
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Webb, Angela Naomi; Rule, Audrey C. – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2014
The focus on standardized testing in the areas of reading and mathematics in early elementary education often minimalizes science and the arts in the curriculum. The science topics of health and nutrition were integrated into the reading curriculum through read aloud books. Inclusion of creativity skills through figural transformation drawings…
Descriptors: Grade 2, Elementary School Students, Creativity, Knowledge Level
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Rule, Audrey C.; Montgomery, Sarah E.; Vander Zanden, Sarah M. – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2014
Nonfiction stories of animal compassion were used in this literacy-social studies integrated lesson to address both efferent and aesthetic stances in transmediation of text from picture books to maps. Preservice early childhood and elementary teachers chose places from the nine recent children's stories, symbolizing them on a map while…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Preschool Teachers, Elementary School Teachers, Animals
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Rule, Audrey C.; Zhbanova, Ksenia S. – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2012
Today's children are often separated from the natural world, developing fear and aversion to wild creatures. This humane education program used curriculum-blended science lessons that focused on eight generally disliked animals: bat, skunk, snake, mouse, spider, centipede, cockroach, and mosquito. First and second grade students participated in 6…
Descriptors: Animals, Student Attitudes, Elementary School Science, Puppetry
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Webb, Angela Naomi; Rule, Audrey C. – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2012
Young children need to develop creative problem-solving skills to ensure success in an uncertain future workplace. Although most teachers recognize the importance of creativity, they do not always know how integrate it with content learning. This repeated measures study on animal and plant lifecycles examined student learning of vocabulary and…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 2, Creativity, Problem Solving
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Zhbanova, Ksenia S.; Rule, Audrey C.; Montgomery, Sarah E.; Nielsen, Lynn E. – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2010
Early childhood curricula should be authentic and child-centered, however, many teachers still rely on direct instruction lessons. To better define how an integrated curriculum meets the needs of students, this study examined teacher talk and actions during instructional activities with first and second graders under two conditions: (1)…
Descriptors: Integrated Curriculum, Motivation, Grade 2, Teaching Methods
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Rule, Audrey C.; Kyle, Patricia B. – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2009
Research demonstrates that community-building in schools is an integral aspect of student success. Based on a foundation of research findings related to the importance of implementing community-building into all aspects of a school, community-building activities, including five specific classroom strategies (parent visits class to tell about…
Descriptors: Magnet Schools, Racial Integration, Montessori Method, Academic Achievement
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Stewart, Roger A.; Rule, Audrey C.; Giordano, Debra A. – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2007
This study explored the effect of fine motor skill activities on the development of attention in kindergarteners (n = 68) in five classes at a suburban public school in the Intermountain West through a pretest/posttest experimental group (n = 36) control group (n = 32) design. All children received the regular curriculum which included typical…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Experimental Groups, Play, Control Groups
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Rule, Audrey C. – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2007
This guest editorial describes ways teachers can use guessing games about an unknown item in a "mystery box" to help children improve their abilities to listen to others, recall information, ask purposeful questions, classify items by class, make inferences, synthesize information, and draw conclusions. The author presents information…
Descriptors: Learning Strategies, Cognitive Processes, Attention Span, Inferences
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Rule, Audrey C.; Dockstader, C. Jolene; Stewart, Roger A. – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2006
Object box and environmental print card activities and kinesthetic/oral activities used in two before school programs for Title 1 students are presented for teaching phonological awareness concepts to students in primary grades. A small program evaluation study in which the two experimental groups made similar improvements and larger gains than a…
Descriptors: Reading Skills, Experiential Learning, Kinesthetic Methods, Physical Activities
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House, Carolyn A.; Rule, Audrey C. – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2005
Preschoolers' reasons for ranking the beauty of 30 children's book illustrations were investigated through individual interviews. Most frequent response criteria for beauty were associated with familiar objects or surroundings, action, color, clothing or accessories, water or ice, body features, and babies or small things. Children's book…
Descriptors: Illustrations, Picture Books, Preschool Children, Aesthetics
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