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Marcone, Roberto; Caputo, Antonietta – Early Child Development and Care, 2019
A Friend is truly a treasure, in accordance with age and competence's qualitative changes. The aim of this study was to confirm the increase in friendship competence and its multifactorial nature in 3- up to 10-year-old children, and to verify gender differences, and parenting influences on the concept of friendship. A semi-structured interview…
Descriptors: Friendship, Interpersonal Competence, Preschool Children, Elementary School Students
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Yamamoto, Noriko; Imai-Matsumura, Kyoko – Early Child Development and Care, 2019
The present study examined gender differences in kindergarten students' ability for behavioural self-regulation and executive function in East Japan. One hundred and eleven 5-year-old children were assessed on behavioural self-regulation, inhibitory, and working memory tasks (direct measurement). Children's responses to the teacher's instructions…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Gender Differences, Executive Function, Self Control
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Schmitt, Sara A.; Korucu, Irem; Jones, Blake L.; Snyder, Frank J.; Evich, Carly D.; Purpura, David J. – Early Child Development and Care, 2019
The primary aim of this study was to examine associations between executive functioning (EF) and child weight status (categorized from body mass index [BMI] percentiles) in a sample of preschool children. Participants included 80 preschool children (mean age = 4.17 years, female = 52%). Hierarchical regression analyses as well as analysis of…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Self Control, Body Weight, Body Composition
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Steyn, Miemsie; Moen, Melanie – Early Child Development and Care, 2019
This article reports on the emotional factors that contribute to children's sadness. As teachers are the most appropriate caregivers to detect problems and to address the impact of these challenges, 30 teachers asked 224 children (N=224) to draw and describe their experiences of sadness. From these drawings, two distinctive themes emerged, namely…
Descriptors: Freehand Drawing, Psychological Patterns, Teacher Student Relationship, Emotional Experience
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Meland, Aud Torill; Kaltvedt, Elsa Helen – Early Child Development and Care, 2019
The purpose of this study is to investigate how gender manifests itself in Norwegian kindergarten, as observed by students during three weeks' work experience. The empirical basis was collated from 40 accounts of work experience from 20 kindergartens. Student kindergarten teachers' observations of how gender is expressed in kindergarten forms the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Kindergarten, Young Children, Gender Issues
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van Vreden, Mignon – Early Child Development and Care, 2019
Although early childhood caregivers in South African townships integrate singing into their teaching on a daily basis, they are often unaware of how to facilitate other musical interactions through movement, playing instruments or body percussion. The 'Bejazzled' action research project was initiated to facilitate these interactions through…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Music, Music Education, Music Activities
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van Biljon, S.; Kritzinger, Alta – Early Child Development and Care, 2019
This article examines early developmental histories of learners who attended a government-funded school for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in South Africa from 1992 to 2014. A total of 141 complete historical admission records of learners were analysed. Frequencies, means and correlations were determined for perinatal conditions and…
Descriptors: Identification, Child Development, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Shrestha, Merina; Ulak, Manjeswori; Strand, Tor A.; Kvestad, Ingrid; Hysing, Mari – Early Child Development and Care, 2019
Parental knowledge on child development is important for maximal developmental potential. This study was conducted to assess mothers' knowledge on child development in Nepal. The Caregivers Knowledge of Child Development Inventory (CKCDI) was used to interview mothers. Total of 1272 mothers were interviewed. Out of the total CKCDI score of 40,…
Descriptors: Mothers, Child Development, Foreign Countries, Knowledge Level
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Temiz, Zeynep – Early Child Development and Care, 2019
This study aims to investigate narrative competence of bilingual children from low socio-economic status (SES) before and after they were involved in fourteen weeks of Turkish storytelling activities. Fifteen bilingual children from low-SES backgrounds participated in this research. Bilingual children first produced narratives using Mercer Mayer's…
Descriptors: Story Telling, Low Income, Bilingualism, Story Grammar
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Cook, Julia M.; Donovan, Caroline L.; Garnett, Michelle S. – Early Child Development and Care, 2019
This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of a parent-mediated cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) group anxiety intervention with young children with high functioning forms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD).Thirty-one children aged four to six years with ASD and anxiety were randomly assigned to treatment or waitlist control conditions.…
Descriptors: Parent Participation, Cognitive Restructuring, Behavior Modification, Autism
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Corr, Catherine; Milagros Santos, Rosa – Early Child Development and Care, 2019
Cross-system collaborations are central to the provision of services for young children with disabilities who have experienced abuse. While multiple position papers and policy briefs emphasize and encourage these cross-system collaborations between the Early Intervention and Child Welfare systems, very limited empirical research has examined these…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Child Abuse, Child Development, Child Welfare
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Howells, Kristy; Meehan, Catherine – Early Child Development and Care, 2019
This study explored early years' practitioners' and teachers' attitudes and confidence in delivering the UK Physical Activity guidelines [National Health Service (NHS). (2013). "Physical activity guidelines for children and young people." Retrieved July 15, 2015, from…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Guidelines, Physical Fitness, Nursery Schools
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Corsano, Paola; Guidotti, Laura – Early Child Development and Care, 2019
Reminiscing is a conversation between a child and caregiver about past events they have experienced together. In recent years, researchers have been interested in implementing training to improve the quality of parents' reminiscing styles, both in typically developing and 'at-risk' children and disadvantaged families. The review analysed studies…
Descriptors: Parent Attitudes, Parent Child Relationship, At Risk Persons, Disadvantaged
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McAndrew, Annamaria J. – Early Child Development and Care, 2019
Maternal perinatal depression is not an uncommon experience, yet few mothers are identified and treated--a concerning fact, given the potential for negative impact on both maternal and infant well-being. In the present study, I review recent research in the field of maternal perinatal depression and highlight associated developmental outcomes…
Descriptors: Mothers, Prenatal Influences, Depression (Psychology), Infants
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Stapp, Alicia Cooper; Wolff, Kenya – Early Child Development and Care, 2019
School-based yoga programmes have been implemented in schools across the United States with promising results. However, the majority of research on yoga programmes has occurred within the K-12 setting. Much less is known about the benefits of yoga with young children. The current body of research on yoga and young children has been quantitative…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Early Childhood Education, Preschool Children, Art
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