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Wishon, Phillip; Geringer, Jennifer – Early Child Development and Care, 2005
Fifty years ago, on 17 May 1954, the United States Supreme Court ruled in "Brown v. Board of Education" that the "separate but equal" doctrine that had effectively legalized "educational apartheid" some 58 years earlier deprived racially segregated children of the equal protection of laws guaranteed by the fourteenth…
Descriptors: Racial Segregation, Educational Opportunities, Equal Education, Court Litigation
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Stafford, Sarah H.; Green, Virginia P. – Early Child Development and Care, 1993
Addresses classroom strategies and teacher variables that influence preschool mainstreaming. Theoretical and historical aspects of mainstreaming are discussed. Differences in philosophies regarding preschool mainstreaming continue to hamper unification of early childhood education programs and early childhood special education programs. (MDM)
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Mainstreaming, Preschool Education, Special Education
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Cole, Malcolm – Early Child Development and Care, 1983
Describes the involvement of Whitelands College, a Church of England training college, in the development of kindergarten education and the training of kindergarten teachers in England from 1850-1900.(RH)
Descriptors: Church Related Colleges, Church Role, Educational History, Educational Innovation
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Douret, L.; And Others – Early Child Development and Care, 1994
Outlines the history of and reviews the literature on the care of premature infants. Focuses on the medicalization of birth; early neonatology; the effect of advances in medicine on the survival and safety of neonates; and the importance of early mother-neonate interactions. (BC)
Descriptors: Birth, Early Intervention, History, Infant Mortality
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Hunter, Ian M. L. – Early Child Development and Care, 1993
Recounts efforts made between 1801 and 1806 by French physician Itard to educate Victor, a boy found living in the wild in Aveyron. Explains how Itard's work with Victor, which met with limited success, led to the establishment of a school for educating clinical idiots. Describes procedures developed by Itard that are basic to the current…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Educational Experiments, Educational History, Educational Practices
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Lee, Kisook – Early Child Development and Care, 1993
Presents an overview of the history of early childhood education (ECE) in Korea from 1897 to the present. Discusses types of early childhood institutions, the rate of attendance in kindergartens and nursery schools, the organization and content of ECE, teacher education, and prospects for the future of ECE in Korea. (BC)
Descriptors: Attendance, Day Care, Early Childhood Education, Educational History
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McAuley, Helen – Early Child Development and Care, 1993
Considers the current relevance of the practice of observation of children through an exploration of the role of observation in the work of Friedrich Froebel, Susan Isaacs, and Margaret McMillan. (BC)
Descriptors: Classroom Observation Techniques, Early Childhood Education, Educational History, Naturalistic Observation
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Baker, Cherry – Early Child Development and Care, 1993
Discusses the work of Susan Isaacs on assessing and recording the progress of infant school children in Britain between 1934 and 1936. Compares Isaacs' approach to that advocated in a 1992 book on assessment in early childhood education edited by Blenkin and Kelly. Concludes that Isaacs' work still has a contribution to make to educational…
Descriptors: British Infant Schools, Early Childhood Education, Educational History, Foreign Countries
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Pence, Alan R. – Early Child Development and Care, 1990
Suggests that Canadian early childhood professionals perpetuate aspects of their own professional problems. The field must address the restrictions it has placed on itself; in particular, the perpetuation of a history that is neither ennobling nor enabling. (CB)
Descriptors: Child Caregivers, Day Care, Early Childhood Education, Educational History
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Straw, Helen – Early Child Development and Care, 1990
Discusses the beginnings, the demise, and the present status of gardens in preschool or day care centers. Describes the nursery garden developed by Margaret McMillan. (BG)
Descriptors: Child Health, Compensatory Education, Educational History, Experiential Learning
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Williams, Susanne R. – Early Child Development and Care, 1990
Examines background factors of nineteenth-century education, especially the development of systematic training for elementary school mistresses, and social class. Concentrates on Whitelands College's recruitment of future teachers with reference to their social class. (NH)
Descriptors: College Students, Educational History, Family Characteristics, Foreign Countries
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Lynch-Brown, Carol – Early Child Development and Care, 1989
Excerpts from a recent interview with Netherlands author Annie M. G. Schmidt describe her background and her career as a writer of poems and stories for young children. The interviewer notes that few of Schmidt's works have been translated into English and that their lack of exchange is a persistent difficulty in the field of children's…
Descriptors: Authors, Biographical Inventories, Childrens Literature, Communication Problems