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Fogg, Neeta; Harrington, Paul; Khatiwada, Ishwar; Kirsch, Irwin; Sands, Anita – ETS Center for Research on Human Capital and Education, 2022
In this new policy report, the fourth in a series examining the impact of human capital in the American labor market from the Educational Testing Service (ETS) Center for Research on Human Capital Education, the authors take a unique perspective on the critical link between human capital and labor market outcomes by expanding the analysis to…
Descriptors: Labor Market, Human Capital, Job Skills, Unemployment
Fogg, Neeta; Harrington, Paul; Khatiwada, Ishwar; Kirsch, Irwin; Sands, Anita – ETS Center for Research on Human Capital and Education, 2022
As with the previous reports in the series, this new report relies on the rich source of data from the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC), including direct assessment of literacy and numeracy skills and a host of information on education, income, and other demographic characteristics. But what is unique in…
Descriptors: Human Capital, Labor Market, Labor Force, Reading Skills
Kirsch, Irwin; Sands, Anita M.; Robbins, Steven B.; Goodman, Madeline J.; Tannenbaum, Richard J. – ETS Center for Research on Human Capital and Education, 2021
This report argues that the education and skills individuals possess have become increasingly important to their overall quality of life. As technology and automation continue to alter the workplace and the nature of work, the ability of individuals to acquire and augment their skills will remain a key challenge. Changes in the nature of work over…
Descriptors: Labor Force Development, Job Skills, Adults, Literacy
Sands, Anita M.; Goodman, Madeline J.; Kirsch, Irwin; Dreier, Kelsey – ETS Center for Research on Human Capital and Education, 2021
We know that opportunities exist in the United States, but if we hope to share these more equitably, we need to better understand the ways opportunities currently vary among individuals, families, states, and regions of the country. Using key measures of well-being (including poverty, income, employment, safety, and health) for each state, along…
Descriptors: Well Being, Poverty, Income, Employment Level
Sykes, Gary; Bell, Courtney; Shukla, Bhavya – ETS Center for Research on Human Capital and Education, 2020
This is the second in a series of policy notes and related publications exploring prospects for developing indicators of teaching quality. The first examined federal databases that include information about teachers, demonstrating that almost none of the measures in these datasets provides indication of teaching quality. This policy note takes the…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Educational Quality, Equal Education, Educational Indicators
Steurer, Stephen J. – ETS Center for Research on Human Capital and Education, 2020
Using data from two of the most recognized studies on the incarcerated population, the "U.S. PIAAC Survey of Incarcerated Adults" and a comprehensive evaluation by the RAND Corporation for the Bureau of Justice Assistance, as well as insights from interviews with leading experts in the U.S. penal system and his own observations made over…
Descriptors: Correctional Education, Institutionalized Persons, Correctional Institutions, Role of Education
Fogg, Neeta; Harrington, Paul; Khatiwada, Ishwar; Hanover, Larry – ETS Center for Research on Human Capital and Education, 2020
Part-time workers' earnings are much lower than those of their full-time counterparts, a difference often referred to as the part-time wage penalty. The mean hourly wage of part-time workers is only two-thirds that of full-time workers. Despite this wage penalty, there were no significant differences between part- and full-time workers in literacy…
Descriptors: Part Time Employment, Wages, Human Capital, Labor Market
Fogg, Neeta; Harrington, Paul; Khatiwada, Ishwar – ETS Center for Research on Human Capital and Education, 2019
In this paper, the second in the "Impact of Human Capital in the American Labor Market" series, the authors reveal that there are large groups of college graduates who lose out on the seemingly automatic earnings premium from their degree, and that their failure is related to a lack of skills. One of every five bachelor's degree holders…
Descriptors: College Graduates, Labor Market, Outcomes of Education, Job Skills
O'Reilly, Tenaha; Sands, Anita; Wang, Zuowei; Dreier, Kelsey; Sabatini, John – ETS Center for Research on Human Capital and Education, 2019
America is in a reading crisis. The authors of this new report point out, two in three American fourth-graders are performing below proficient in the National Assessment of Education Progress (NAEP)--known as the "Nation's Report Card." There's another troubling component to this crisis. Important segments of society are being left…
Descriptors: Reading Achievement, Reading Skills, Reading Comprehension, Self Efficacy
Fogg, Neeta; Harrington, Paul; Ishwar Khatiwada; Kirsch, Irwin; Sands, Anita; Hanover, Larry – ETS Center for Research on Human Capital and Education, 2019
Diploma and degree completion have become the fundamental standard for judging the performance of secondary and postsecondary educational institutions. Increasingly, leaders of education and workforce policy and programs assume that these measures of attainment effectively serve as indicators of adequate levels of essential literacy and numeracy…
Descriptors: Reading Skills, Writing Skills, Literacy, Educational Attainment
Fogg, Neeta; Harrington, Paul; Khatiwada, Ishwar – ETS Center for Research on Human Capital and Education, 2018
This paper is the first in a series of policy reports dealing with the impact of human capital investments on the U.S. labor market. It is part of a larger series of papers from the ETS Center for Research on Human Capital and Education that uses data from the "Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies" (PIAAC) to…
Descriptors: Job Skills, Income, Labor Market, Human Capital
Sands, Anita; Goodman, Madeline – ETS Center for Research on Human Capital and Education, 2018
This report questions how skills are distributed across the millennial population, focusing on the size and demographic characteristics of U.S. millennials with low literacy and numeracy skills, and the resulting impact on social and economic outcomes. The authors do this in part by examining the issue of "disconnected youth," a term…
Descriptors: Generational Differences, Youth, Late Adolescents, Young Adults
Kirsch, Irwin; Braun, Henry; Lennon, Mary Louise; Sands, Anita – ETS Center for Research on Human Capital and Education, 2016
This comprehensive report examines the magnitude of the crisis of opportunity in America and its long-term implications. Interactions among powerful global economic forces, government policies and business practices have generated a self-sustaining set of dynamics that have led to increasing economic, social and political polarization, with the…
Descriptors: Opportunities, Social Capital, Economic Factors, Political Issues
Sabatini, John – ETS Center for Research on Human Capital and Education, 2015
The results of the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) survey paint a troubling portrait of the literacy skills of adults in the United States. The survey included a direct assessment of skills and was conducted in 23 countries with nationally representative samples of adults ages 16 through 65. Assessed were…
Descriptors: Reading Skills, Adult Literacy, Adults, Vocabulary