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Doo, Min Young; Zhu, Meina; Bonk, Curtis J. – Distance Education, 2023
Self-directed learning (SDL) is a critical success factor for massive open online course (MOOC) learners. This meta-analysis study examined the influence of SDL on learning outcomes in MOOCs by extracting the effect sizes of 60 samples from 14 studies published between January 2010 and April 2022. The results showed that the overall effects of SDL…
Descriptors: Independent Study, MOOCs, Outcomes of Education, Educational Research
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Zhu, Meina – Distance Education, 2021
The management of self-directed learning is especially critical for massive open online course (MOOC) learners. This mixed-method study investigated MOOC instructors' strategies to facilitate learners' self-management skills for SDL. The study used three data sources: (a) an online survey with 198 MOOC instructors; (b) semi-structured interviews…
Descriptors: Independent Study, Distance Education, Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education
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Doo, Min Young; Tang, Ying; Bonk, Curtis J.; Zhu, Meina – Distance Education, 2020
As massive open online courses (MOOCs) proliferate, a better understanding of MOOC instructors is essential. This study examined the motivation as well as the career and professional development of 142 MOOC instructors using a mixed-methods approach entailing an online survey combined with six MOOC instructor interviews. The research findings…
Descriptors: Online Courses, Large Group Instruction, Teacher Motivation, Career Development
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Zhu, Meina; Herring, Susan C.; Bonk, Curtis J. – Distance Education, 2019
This case study examined patterns in online communication using computer-mediated discourse analysis to better understand how teaching presence, social presence, and cognitive presence are manifested in an online learning environment. The findings indicate that study participants actively participated in the discussion. The instructor and…
Descriptors: Computer Mediated Communication, Electronic Learning, Discussion Groups, Interaction