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Doo, Min Young; Zhu, Meina; Bonk, Curtis J. – Distance Education, 2023
Self-directed learning (SDL) is a critical success factor for massive open online course (MOOC) learners. This meta-analysis study examined the influence of SDL on learning outcomes in MOOCs by extracting the effect sizes of 60 samples from 14 studies published between January 2010 and April 2022. The results showed that the overall effects of SDL…
Descriptors: Independent Study, MOOCs, Outcomes of Education, Educational Research
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Bonk, Curtis J. – Distance Education, 2020
The mandate for K-12 and higher education instructors to teach online during the COVID-19 pandemic resulted in a wide range of experiences, preferences, challenges, complaints, and successes; especially in terms of synchronous forms of instruction. For much of 2020, many educators hesitantly and nervously transitioned to online environments while…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, COVID-19, Pandemics
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Doo, Min Young; Tang, Ying; Bonk, Curtis J.; Zhu, Meina – Distance Education, 2020
As massive open online courses (MOOCs) proliferate, a better understanding of MOOC instructors is essential. This study examined the motivation as well as the career and professional development of 142 MOOC instructors using a mixed-methods approach entailing an online survey combined with six MOOC instructor interviews. The research findings…
Descriptors: Online Courses, Large Group Instruction, Teacher Motivation, Career Development
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Zhu, Meina; Herring, Susan C.; Bonk, Curtis J. – Distance Education, 2019
This case study examined patterns in online communication using computer-mediated discourse analysis to better understand how teaching presence, social presence, and cognitive presence are manifested in an online learning environment. The findings indicate that study participants actively participated in the discussion. The instructor and…
Descriptors: Computer Mediated Communication, Electronic Learning, Discussion Groups, Interaction
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Bonk, Curtis J.; Zhang, Ke – Distance Education, 2006
The R2D2 method--read, reflect, display, and do--is a new model for designing and delivering distance education, and in particular, online learning. Such a model is especially important to address the diverse preferences of online learners of varied generations and varied Internet familiarity. Four quadrants can be utilized separately or as part…
Descriptors: Teaching Models, Online Courses, Student Diversity, Distance Education