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Mensink, Michael C. – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2022
Highly interesting but unimportant seductive details are commonly added to scientific texts, harming reader comprehension and memory for important content while also potentially evoking a strong emotional response. In two experiments, the effects of seductive details on participants' memory and emotional responses to seductive and nonseductive…
Descriptors: Emotional Response, Content Area Reading, Science Education, Learner Engagement
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Bohn-Gettler, Catherine M.; McCrudden, Matthew T. – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2022
We examined whether positive emotions interacted with task instructions and topic beliefs to influence processing and memory of a dual-position text. Participants provided emotion and belief ratings, were instructed to focus on one position in a dual-position text while reading silently (Experiment 1) or thinking-aloud (Experiment 2), and then…
Descriptors: Psychological Patterns, Beliefs, Memory, Reading Processes
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Linnenbrink-Garcia, Lisa – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2022
The articles in this special issue take an important step in beginning to test the PET framework. Together, these articles illustrate the importance of considering individual differences in attitudes and prior knowledge as well as differences in task demands when investigating the role of emotions in shaping cognitive processing while reading…
Descriptors: Psychological Patterns, Individual Differences, Student Attitudes, Prior Learning
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Trevors, Gregory J. – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2022
It is common for individuals to have misconceptions across a range of subject matters. Although interventions to correct misconceptions are largely successful, at times they may fail. The current study explores how corrections may be perceived to conflict with aspects of personal or social identity and engender experience of negative emotions and…
Descriptors: Discourse Analysis, Immunization Programs, Misconceptions, Safety
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Jacobson, Neil G.; Thacker, Ian; Sinatra, Gale M. – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2022
Refutation texts are designed to facilitate the revision of inaccurate knowledge; however, studies have documented backfire effects wherein respondents become less accurate when exposed to a factual correction compared to another. Here, we explored whether epistemic emotions mediated knowledge revision or backfire processes when reading…
Descriptors: Text Structure, Psychological Patterns, Misconceptions, Knowledge Level
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Pekrun, Reinhard – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2022
Reading texts can prompt intense emotions, and these emotions profoundly influence learning from texts. I first discuss the findings from the eight studies reported in this special issue. The studies represent pivotal advances in research on reading. Focusing on learning from science texts, they show that different emotions and different types of…
Descriptors: Psychological Patterns, Content Area Reading, Science Education, Cognitive Processes
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Dever, Daryn A.; Wiedbusch, Megan D.; Cloude, Elizabeth B.; Lester, James; Azevedo, Roger – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2022
This study examined 57 learners' emotions (i.e., joy, anger, confusion, frustration) as they engaged with scientific content while learning about microbiology with Crystal Island, a game-based learning environment (GBLE). Measures of learners' prior knowledge, in-game text comprehension, facial expressions of emotion, and posttest reading…
Descriptors: Psychological Patterns, Reading Comprehension, Game Based Learning, Science Education
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Schleicher, Karly M.; Schwartz, Ana I. – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2022
In the present study we examined whether overlap in language across texts influences the integration of information into a coherent discourse representation for bilingual readers. Across two experiments highly proficient Spanish--English bilinguals read pairs of expository passages describing two fictional science facts while their eye-movements…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Reading Processes, Spanish, English (Second Language)
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Blohm, Stefan; Versace, Stefano; Methner, Sanja; Wagner, Valentin; Schlesewsky, Matthias; Menninghaus, Winfried – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2022
We examined genre-specific reading strategies for literary texts and hypothesized that text categorization (literary prose vs. poetry) modulates both how readers gather information from a text (eye movements) and how they realize its phonetic surface form (speech production). We recorded eye movements and speech while college students (N = 32)…
Descriptors: Reading Strategies, Poetry, Prose, Eye Movements
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Rasenberg, Marlou; Özyürek, Asli; Bögels, Sara; Dingemanse, Mark – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2022
When people interact to establish shared symbols for novel objects or concepts, they often rely on multiple communicative modalities as well as on alignment (i.e., cross-participant repetition of communicative behavior). Yet these interactional resources have rarely been studied together, so little is known about if and how people combine multiple…
Descriptors: Interpersonal Communication, Communication Strategies, Nonverbal Communication, Task Analysis
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Saerys-Foy, Jeffrey E.; LoCasto, Paul C.; Burn, David; Ferranti, Daniella – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2022
According to theories of validation, people routinely check incoming information against prior knowledge during comprehension. On these theories, information is validated if it fits with prior knowledge. Some researchers argue that information needs to be successfully validated before being incorporated into the situation model. We report five…
Descriptors: Fantasy, Reading Rate, Prior Learning, Reading Comprehension
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Mumper, Micah L.; Gerrig, Richard J. – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2021
While research has repeatedly found evidence that readers infer characters' emotions, we investigate three outstanding questions about the content and time course of such inferences. We ask whether even simple narratives give rise to emotion inferences, in what form such inferences are encoded into long-term memory, and whether they are uniquely…
Descriptors: Inferences, Emotional Response, Memory, Reading Processes
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Wei, Yipu; Evers-Vermeul, Jacqueline; Sanders, Ted M.; Mak, Willem M. – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2021
Interpreting subjectivity in causal relations takes effort: Subjective, claim-argument relations are read slower than objective, cause-consequence relations. In an eye-tracking-while-reading experiment, we investigated whether connectives and stance markers can play a facilitative role. Sixty-five Chinese participants read sentences expressing a…
Descriptors: Discourse Analysis, Persuasive Discourse, Bias, Form Classes (Languages)
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Turner, Christina; Knutsen, Dominique – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2021
When two people interact, reference presentation is shaped with the intention of supporting addressee understanding, allowing for ease of acceptance, thus minimizing overall collaborative effort. To date, analysis of such "audience design" has focused largely on adult-adult or adult-child interaction but seldom on adult-teenager…
Descriptors: Audience Awareness, Teacher Student Relationship, Dialogs (Language), Secondary School Teachers
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Orita, Naho; Vornov, Eliana; Feldman, Naomi H. – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2021
This study formalizes and compares two major hypotheses in speakers' choices of referring expressions: the topicality model that chooses a form based on the topicality of the referent, and the rational model that chooses a form based on the informativity of the form and its speech cost. Simulations suggest that both the topicality of the referent…
Descriptors: Interpersonal Communication, Speech Communication, Preferences, Form Classes (Languages)
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