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Showing 1 to 15 of 404 results Save | Export
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Yoon, Si On; Brown-Schmidt, Sarah – Discourse Processes: A multidisciplinary journal, 2018
Speakers typically design definite referring expressions to uniquely identify the intended referent with respect to the alternatives in the referential context, and addressees interpret these expressions with respect to the contextual alternatives. Although it is clear that the relevant context includes entities in the immediate context, less…
Descriptors: History, Discourse Analysis, Language Processing, Eye Movements
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Booth, Chase R.; Brown, Hannah L.; Eason, Elizabeth G.; Wallot, Sebastian; Kelty-Stephen, Damian G. – Discourse Processes: A multidisciplinary journal, 2018
Reader expectations form across hierarchical scales of discourse (e.g., from coarse to fine: genre, narrative, syntax). Cross-scale interactivity produces word reading times (RTs) with multifractal structure. After introducing multifractals, we test two hypotheses regarding their relevance to reader expectations: (1) multifractal evidence of…
Descriptors: Gender Issues, Expectation, Reading Rate, Hypothesis Testing
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Debska, Agnieszka; Raczaszek-Leonardi, Joanna – Discourse Processes: A multidisciplinary journal, 2018
The perspective-adjustment model of language interpretation assumes an initial egocentric stage in comprehension that is only later adjusted to the interlocutor's perspective. Moreover, substantial processing resources are involved in perspective-taking. However, many experiments in the perspective-adjustment framework do not control for visual…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Undergraduate Students, Psychological Patterns, Self Concept
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Moxey, Linda M. – Discourse Processes: A multidisciplinary journal, 2018
Statements containing quantity information are commonplace. Although there is literature explaining the way in which quantities themselves are conveyed in numbers or words (e.g., "many", "probably"), there is less on the effects of different types of quantity description on the processing of surrounding text. Given that…
Descriptors: Language Processing, Nouns, Phrase Structure, Comparative Analysis
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Bohan, Jason; Filik, Ruth – Discourse Processes: A multidisciplinary journal, 2018
We report two text change-detection studies in which we investigate the influence of reading perspective on text memory. In Experiment 1 participants read from the perspective of one of two characters in a series of short stories, and word changes were either semantically close or distant. Participants correctly reported more changes to…
Descriptors: Evidence, Perspective Taking, Reading Comprehension, Association (Psychology)
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Clifton, Charles; Frazier, Lyn – Discourse Processes: A multidisciplinary journal, 2018
Linguistic analyses of the Question Under Discussion (QUD) provide an interesting extension to Tony Sanford's work on discourse coherence (e.g., Sanford & Emmott, 2012). The QUD approach claims that discourse is organized by a series of overt and covert questions and answers to, or comments on, them. In a coherent discourse, material that…
Descriptors: Context Effect, Discourse Analysis, Discourse Modes, Questioning Techniques
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King, Josiah P. J.; Loy, Jia E.; Corley, Martin – Discourse Processes: A multidisciplinary journal, 2018
Where the veracity of a statement is in question, listeners tend to interpret disfluency as signaling dishonesty. Previous research in deception suggests that this results from a speaker model, linking lying to cognitive effort and effort to disfluency. However, the disfluency-lying bias occurs very quickly: Might listeners instead simply…
Descriptors: Pragmatics, Inferences, Deception, Context Effect
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Myachykov, Andriy; Garrod, Simon; Scheepers, Christoph – Discourse Processes: A multidisciplinary journal, 2018
Attentional control of referential information is an important contributor to the structure of discourse. We investigated how attention and memory interplay during visually situated sentence production. We manipulated speakers' attention to the agent or the patient of a described event by means of a referential or a dot visual cue. We also…
Descriptors: Attention, Memory, Role, Syntax
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Ingram, Joanne; Ferguson, Heather J. – Discourse Processes: A multidisciplinary journal, 2018
An anaphoric reference to the complement-set is a reference to the set that does not fulfil the predicate of the preceding sentence. Preferred reference to the complement-set has been found in eye movements when a character's implicit desire for a high amount has been denied using a negative emotion. We recorded event-related potentials to examine…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Diagnostic Tests, Language Processing, Emotional Response
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Stewart, Andrew J.; Le-luan, Elizabeth; Wood, Jeffrey S.; Yao, Bo; Haigh, Matthew – Discourse Processes: A multidisciplinary journal, 2018
In everyday conversation much communication is achieved using indirect language. This is particularly true when we utter requests. The decision to use indirect language is influenced by a number of factors, including deniability, politeness, and the degree of imposition on the receiver of a request. In this article we report the results of an…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Nonverbal Communication, Reading Comprehension, Pretests Posttests
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Price, Jessica M.; Sanford, Anthony J. – Discourse Processes: A multidisciplinary journal, 2018
Previous research has shown that information referring to a named character or to information in the main clause of a sentence is more accessible and facilitates the processing of anaphoric references. We investigated whether the use of such cues are maintained in healthy aging. We present two experiments investigating whether information…
Descriptors: Aging (Individuals), Language Processing, Discourse Analysis, Phrase Structure
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Garnham, Alan; Oakhill, Jane; Reynolds, David – Discourse Processes: A multidisciplinary journal, 2018
Two experiments are reported in which people resolve references to sets of entities (e.g., lies) that have previously been introduced either explicitly into a text ("the lies") or implicitly via a cognate verb (a form of the verb "to lie"). Previous work has show that pronominal references to such entities were judged as…
Descriptors: Role, Phrase Structure, Verbs, Form Classes (Languages)
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Ferguson, Heather J.; Jayes, Lewis T. – Discourse Processes: A multidisciplinary journal, 2018
Previous research has established that readers' eye movements are sensitive to the difficulty with which a word is processed. One important factor that influences processing is the fit of a word within the wider context, including its plausibility. Here we explore the influence of plausibility in counterfactual language processing. Counterfactuals…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Word Processing, Context Effect, Native Speakers
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Corps, Ruth E.; Gambi, Chiara; Pickering, Martin J. – Discourse Processes: A multidisciplinary journal, 2018
During conversation, interlocutors rapidly switch between speaker and listener roles and take turns at talk. How do they achieve such fine coordination? Most research has concentrated on the role of prediction, but listeners must also prepare a response in advance (assuming they wish to respond) and articulate this response at the appropriate…
Descriptors: Articulation (Speech), Prediction, Listening, Reaction Time
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Çokal, Derya; Sturt, Patrick – Discourse Processes: A multidisciplinary journal, 2018
This article reports one eye-tracking and one sentence-completion experiment, examining the antecedent preferences for plural anaphora "they" and demonstrative "these." Our results show that the antecedent-grouping preference depends on type of referring expressions: specifically, the preference for "they" is to refer…
Descriptors: Preferences, Eye Movements, Sentence Structure, Educational Experiments
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