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Showing 1 to 15 of 463 results Save | Export
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Pouw, Wim; Dixon, James A. – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2020
We introduce applications of established methods in time-series and network analysis that we jointly apply here for the kinematic study "of gesture ensembles". We define a gesture ensemble as the set of gestures produced during discourse by a single person or a group of persons. Here we are interested in how gestures kinematically relate…
Descriptors: Nonverbal Communication, Mechanics (Physics), Motion, Research Methodology
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Iordanou, Kalypso; Kuhn, Deanna – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2020
Is it important to hear positions opposing one's own from others who genuinely believe them? We examine whether the thinking of those who engage in discourse with peers who hold an opposing view benefit by hearing arguments favoring the opposing position expressed by individuals known to hold this position. We report on 131 young adolescents who…
Descriptors: Persuasive Discourse, Dissent, Middle School Students, Foreign Countries
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Lyu, Siqi; Tu, Jung-Yueh; Lin, Chien-Jer Charles – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2020
In this study participants read plausible and implausible sentences containing concessive and causal relations in Chinese, for instance, "[Although/Because] he has a talent for language, he [doesn't like/likes] learning English." In two self-paced reading experiments (Experiments 1 and 2), we consistently found the plausibility effect at…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Reading Processes, Sentences, Reading Rate
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Tay, Dennis – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2020
Metaphor theory bears many implications for counseling processes, but metaphor in extended counseling talk is seldom evaluated. This article reports an exploratory skin conductance and discourse analysis of metaphorical versus literal communication styles in facilitating affective engagement over time. After background interaction with the…
Descriptors: Figurative Language, Counselor Client Relationship, Emotional Response, Discourse Analysis
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Torabi Asr, Fatemeh; Demberg, Vera – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2020
Connectives can facilitate the processing of discourse relations by helping comprehenders to infer the intended coherence relation holding between two text spans. Previous experimental studies have focused on pairs of connectives that are very different from one another to be able to compare and formalize the distinguishing effects of these…
Descriptors: Connected Discourse, Form Classes (Languages), Ambiguity (Semantics), Inferences
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Terui, Sachiko; Hsieh, Elaine – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2020
Previous studies suggest non-native speakers (NNSs) use cover strategies to achieve a positive public self-image despite their lack of comprehension when interacting with native speakers (NSs). This study examines the interpersonal implications and NSs' interactional dilemma in minimizing NNSs' face threats while addressing potential…
Descriptors: Communication Problems, Native Speakers, Interpersonal Communication, Self Concept
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Robinson, Michael D.; Persich, Michelle R.; Sjoblom-Schmidt, Simona; Penzel, Ian B. – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2020
Romantic relationships vary in quality, and the purpose of the present investigation was to examine a wide scope of linguistic variables as possible markers of this variability. Ninety-six undergraduate students within committed romantic relationships were asked to write freely about their partnership, following which they reported on relationship…
Descriptors: Language Usage, Intimacy, Undergraduate Students, Interpersonal Relationship
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Flemming, Danny; Kimmerle, Joachim; Cress, Ulrike; Sinatra, Gale M. – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2020
Prior research from the field of science communication shows that, upon reading journalistic articles about novel scientific findings, readers who recognize the tentative nature of the findings rate the journalistic article that reports these findings as less credible. Apparently, readers' appraisal is influenced by misconceptions about the…
Descriptors: Persuasive Discourse, Misconceptions, Credibility, Scientific and Technical Information
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Houghton, Kenneth J.; Klin, Celia M. – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2020
The current study examined whether readers encode the thoughts of story characters. Participants read narratives in which characters were described as either needing or not needing to remember a list of words. Across several experiments readers recalled more words in a free recall task when the story character was described as making an effort to…
Descriptors: Reading Processes, Story Reading, Recall (Psychology), Word Lists
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Kuhn, Deanna; Cummings, Amy; Youmans, Michael – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2020
The thinking underlying people's positions on complex issues is often of limited scope or complexity, yet changing minds is notoriously difficult. We investigated the thinking underlying people's positions on the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program. Rather than seek to influence their thinking by engaging them in considering alternative…
Descriptors: Attitude Change, Undocumented Immigrants, Public Policy, Social Attitudes
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Wang, Yiwei; McGlone, Matthew S. – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2020
When apologizing to victims of transgressions, people may assign the agency for harm to themselves ("I'm sorry I offended you"), to the act ("I'm sorry it offended you"), or omit agency altogether ("I'm sorry you were offended"). They also may acknowledge or question the victim's harm by the choice of conjunction used…
Descriptors: Speech Acts, Interpersonal Communication, Language Usage, Discourse Analysis
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Delogu, Francesca; Jachmann, Torsten; Staudte, Maria; Vespignani, Francesco; Molinaro, Nicola – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2020
Questions under Discussion (QUDs) have been suggested to influence the integration of individual utterances into a discourse-level representation. Previous work has shown that processing ungrammatical ellipses is facilitated when the elided material addresses an implicit QUD raised through a nonactuality implicature (NAIs). It is not clear,…
Descriptors: Diagnostic Tests, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Language Processing, Grammar
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Mauchand, Maël; Vergis, Nikos; Pell, Marc D. – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2020
In spoken discourse, understanding irony requires the apprehension of subtle cues, such as the speaker's tone of voice (prosody), which often reveal the speaker's affective stance toward the listener in the context of the utterance. To shed light on the interplay of linguistic content and prosody on impressions of spoken criticisms and compliments…
Descriptors: Oral Language, Intonation, Suprasegmentals, Cues
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Zufferey, Sandrine; Gygax, Pascal – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2020
Understanding discourse connectives is an important step to achieving effective verbal communication. Yet, the ability of adult native speakers to understand the broad range of connectives found in most Indo-European languages has seldom been assessed. In this article we demonstrate that some adults have difficulties recognizing correct and…
Descriptors: Language Usage, Form Classes (Languages), Discourse Analysis, Adults
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Vogelzang, Margreet; Foppolo, Francesca; Guasti, Maria Teresa; van Rijn, Hedderik; Hendriks, Petra – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2020
Different words generally have different meanings. However, some words seemingly share similar meanings. An example are null and overt pronouns in Italian, which both refer to an individual in the discourse. Is the interpretation and processing of a form affected by the existence of another form with a similar meaning? With a pupillary response…
Descriptors: Italian, Form Classes (Languages), Semantics, Language Processing
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