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Gori, Monica; Ober, Kinga M.; Tinelli, Francesca; Coubard, Olivier A. – Developmental Science, 2020
Dyslexia has been associated with a problem in visual-audio integration mechanisms. Here, we investigate for the first time the contribution of unisensory cues on multisensory audio and visual integration in 32 dyslexic children by modelling results using the Bayesian approach. Non-linguistic stimuli were used. Children performed a temporal task:…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Children, Perceptual Impairments, Auditory Perception
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Albert, W. Dustin; Hanson, Jamie L.; Skinner, Ann T.; Dodge, Kenneth A.; Steinberg, Laurence; Deater-Deckard, Kirby; Bornstein, Marc H.; Lansford, Jennifer E. – Developmental Science, 2020
Children from families with low socioeconomic status (SES) earn lower grades, perform worse on achievement tests, and attain less education on average than their peers from higher-SES families. We evaluated neurocognitive mediators of SES disparities in achievement in a diverse sample of youth whose data were linked to administrative records of…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Executive Function, Middle School Students, Academic Achievement
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Bazhydai, Marina; Westermann, Gert; Parise, Eugenio – Developmental Science, 2020
Active social communication is an effective way for infants to learn about the world. Do pre-verbal and pre-pointing infants seek epistemic information from their social partners when motivated to obtain information they cannot discover independently? The present study investigated whether 12-month-olds (N = 30) selectively seek information from…
Descriptors: Infants, Information Seeking, Infant Behavior, Interpersonal Communication
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Wermelinger, Stephanie; Gampe, Anja; Helbling, Natascha; Daum, Moritz M. – Developmental Science, 2020
Previous research has shown differences in monolingual and bilingual communication. We explored whether monolingual and bilingual pre-schoolers (N = 80) differ in their ability to understand others' iconic gestures (gesture perception) and produce intelligible iconic gestures themselves (gesture production) and how these two abilities are related…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Nonverbal Communication, Pictorial Stimuli, Deafness
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O'Rear, Connor D.; McNeil, Nicole M.; Kirkland, Patrick K. – Developmental Science, 2020
A common measure of number word understanding is the give-N task. Traditionally, to receive credit for understanding a number, N, children must understand that N does not apply to other set sizes (e.g. a child who gives three when asked for 'three' but also when asked for 'four' would not be credited with knowing 'three'). However, it is possible…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Numeracy, Number Concepts, Mathematics Education
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Höhle, Barbara; Fritzsche, Tom; Meß, Katharina; Philipp, Mareike; Gafos, Adamantios – Developmental Science, 2020
Seminal work by Werker and colleagues (Stager & Werker [1997] "Nature," 388, 381-382) has found that 14-month-old infants do not show evidence for learning minimal pairs in the habituation-switch paradigm. However, when multiple speakers produce the minimal pair in acoustically variable ways, infants' performance improves in…
Descriptors: Infants, Vocabulary Development, Phonetics, Habituation
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Delalande, Lisa; Moyon, Marine; Tissier, Cloélia; Dorriere, Valérie; Guillois, Bernard; Mevell, Katel; Charron, Sylvain; Salvia, Emilie; Poirel, Nicolas; Vidal, Julie; Lion, Stéphanie; Oppenheim, Catherine; Houdé, Olivier; Cachia, Arnaud; Borst, Grégoire – Developmental Science, 2020
A number of training interventions have been designed to improve executive functions and inhibitory control (IC) across the lifespan. Surprisingly, no study has investigated the structural neuroplasticity induced by IC training from childhood to late adolescence, a developmental period characterized by IC efficiency improvement and protracted…
Descriptors: Intervention, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Executive Function, Inhibition
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Ramani, Geetha B.; Daubert, Emily N.; Lin, Grace C.; Kamarsu, Snigdha; Wodzinski, Alaina; Jaeggi, Susanne M. – Developmental Science, 2020
Sources that contribute to variation in mathematical achievement include both numerical knowledge and general underlying cognitive processing abilities. The current study tested the benefits of tablet-based training games that targeted each of these areas for improving the mathematical knowledge of kindergarten-age children. We hypothesized that…
Descriptors: Educational Games, Mathematics Education, Number Concepts, Short Term Memory
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Gilligan, Katie A.; Thomas, Michael S. C.; Farran, Emily K. – Developmental Science, 2020
There is evidence that spatial thinking is malleable, and that spatial and mathematical skills are associated (Mix et al. [2016] "Journal of Experimental Psychology: General," 145, 1206; Mix et al. [2017] "Journal of Cognition and Development," 18, 465; Uttal et al. [2013] "Psychological Bulletin," 139, 352). However,…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Mathematics Skills, Children, Transfer of Training
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Cheng, Dazhi; Xiao, Qing; Cui, Jiaxin; Chen, Chuansheng; Zeng, Jieying; Chen, Qian; Zhou, Xinlin – Developmental Science, 2020
Studies have shown that numerosity-based arithmetic training can promote arithmetic learning in typically developing children as well as children with developmental dyscalculia (DD), but the cognitive mechanism underlying this training effect remains unclear. The main aim of the current study was to examine the role of visual form perception in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Short Term Memory, Mathematics Education, Arithmetic
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Jones, Jonathan S.; Milton, Fraser; Mostazir, Mohammod; Adlam, Anna R. – Developmental Science, 2020
Working memory training has been shown to improve performance on untrained working memory tasks in typically developing children, at least when compared to non-adaptive training; however, there is little evidence that it improves academic outcomes. The lack of transfer to academic outcomes may be because children are only learning skills and…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Short Term Memory, Metacognition, Learning Strategies
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Altarelli, Irene; Dehaene-Lambertz, Ghislaine; Bavelier, Daphne – Developmental Science, 2020
Audio-visual associative learning -- at least when linguistic stimuli are employed -- is known to rely on core linguistic skills such as phonological awareness. Here we ask whether this would also be the case in a task that does not manipulate linguistic information. Another question of interest is whether executive skills, often found to support…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Associative Learning, Visual Learning, Language Skills
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Melby-Lervåg, Monica; Hagen, Åste Mjelve; Lervåg, Arne – Developmental Science, 2020
While we know that interventions targeting oral language can be effective, little is known about what drives these effects. In this study, we examine whether gains in transfer measures are mediated through the specific words that are trained in a language intervention. Based on a large-scale randomized controlled trial of language intervention in…
Descriptors: Oral Language, Transfer of Training, Intervention, Receptive Language
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Johann, Verena E.; Karbach, Julia – Developmental Science, 2020
Several studies indicate that executive functions (EF), such as working memory (WM), inhibition or flexibility can be improved by training and that these training-related benefits in WM capacity generalize to reading and mathematical abilities. However, the results of these studies are inconsistent and most of them focused on WM training in…
Descriptors: Game Based Learning, Cognitive Ability, Academic Ability, Elementary School Students
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Azaryahu, Libby; Courey, Susan Joan; Elkoshi, Rivka; Adi-Japha, Esther – Developmental Science, 2020
Music and mathematics require abstract thinking and using symbolic notations. Controversy exists regarding transfer from musical training to math achievements. The current study examined the effect of two integrated intervention programs representing holistic versus acoustic approaches, on fraction knowledge. Three classes of fourth graders…
Descriptors: Music Education, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Achievement, Holistic Approach
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