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Turbeville, Ashley; Aber, J. Lawrence; Weinberg, Sharon L.; Richter, Linda; Heerden, Alastair – Developmental Science, 2019
Conceptualizing both economic well-being (EWB) and children's development as multidimensional constructs, the present study examines their association using bioecological developmental theory and structural equation modeling with Zulu children (ages 7-10) in KwaZulu-Natal, a highly impoverished region of South Africa (N = 1,958). Relative EWB…
Descriptors: Correlation, Well Being, Children, Mental Health
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Carroll, Julia M.; Breadmore, Helen L. – Developmental Science, 2018
Children with reading difficulties and children with a history of repeated ear infections (Otitis Media, OM) are both thought to have phonological impairments, but for quite different reasons. This paper examines the profile of phonological and morphological awareness in poor readers and children with OM. Thirty-three poor readers were compared to…
Descriptors: Phonological Awareness, Diseases, Phonemes, Reading Difficulties
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Peterson, Robin L.; Arnett, Anne B.; Pennington, Bruce F.; Byrne, Brian; Samuelsson, Stefan; Olson, Richard K. – Developmental Science, 2018
Previous research has established that learning to read improves children's performance on reading-related phonological tasks, including phoneme awareness (PA) and nonword repetition. Few studies have investigated whether literacy acquisition also promotes children's rapid automatized naming (RAN). We tested the hypothesis that literacy…
Descriptors: Naming, Phonemic Awareness, Twins, Models
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Larsen, Nicole E.; Lee, Kang; Ganea, Patricia A. – Developmental Science, 2018
For millennia, adults have told children stories not only to entertain but also to impart important moral lessons to promote prosocial behaviors. Many such stories contain anthropomorphized animals because it is believed that children learn from anthropomorphic stories as effectively, if not better than, from stories with human characters, and…
Descriptors: Childrens Literature, Animals, Prosocial Behavior, Preschool Children
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Crivello, Cristina; Phillips, Sara; Poulin-Dubois, Diane – Developmental Science, 2018
Although there is mounting evidence that selective social learning begins in infancy, the psychological mechanisms underlying this ability are currently a controversial issue. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether theory of mind abilities and statistical learning skills are related to infants' selective social learning. Seventy-seven…
Descriptors: Infants, Infant Behavior, Social Development, Socialization
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Rollins, Leslie; Riggins, Tracy – Developmental Science, 2018
The ability to mentally re-experience past events improves significantly from childhood to young adulthood; however, the mechanisms underlying this ability remain poorly understood, partially because different tasks are used across the lifespan. This study was designed to address this gap by assessing the development of event-related potential…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Coding, Information Retrieval, Correlation
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Ishihara, Toru; Sugasawa, Shigemi; Matsuda, Yusuke; Mizuno, Masao – Developmental Science, 2018
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between sports experience (i.e., tennis experience) and executive function in children while controlling for physical activity and physical fitness. Sixty-eight participants (6-12 years old, 34 males and 34 females) were enrolled in regular tennis lessons (mean = 2.4 years,…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Children, Physical Fitness, Athletics
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Cowie, Dorothy; McKenna, Aisling; Bremner, Andrew J.; Aspell, Jane E. – Developmental Science, 2018
The present work investigates the development of bodily self-consciousness and its relation to multisensory bodily information, by measuring for the first time the development of responses to the full body illusion in childhood. We tested three age groups of children: 6- to 7-year-olds (n = 28); 8- to 9-year-olds (n = 21); 10- to 11-year-olds…
Descriptors: Self Concept, Children, Age Groups, Adults
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Calcus, Axelle; Deltenre, Paul; Colin, Cécile; Kolinsky, Régine – Developmental Science, 2018
Noise typically induces both peripheral and central masking of an auditory target. Whereas the idea that a deficit of speech in noise perception is inherent to dyslexia is still debated, most studies have actually focused on the peripheral contribution to the dyslexics' difficulties of perceiving speech in noise. Here, we investigated the…
Descriptors: Children, Dyslexia, Acoustics, Age
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Blais, Mélody; Amarantini, David; Albaret, Jean-Michel; Chaix, Yves; Tallet, Jessica – Developmental Science, 2018
Impairment of motor learning skills in developmental coordination disorder (DCD) has been reported in several studies. Some hypotheses on neural mechanisms of motor learning deficits in DCD have emerged but, to date, brain-imaging investigations are scarce. The aim of the present study is to assess possible changes in communication between brain…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Correlation, Motor Development, Control Groups
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May, Lillian; Gervain, Judit; Carreiras, Manuel; Werker, Janet F. – Developmental Science, 2018
In this work we ask whether at birth, the human brain responds uniquely to speech, or if similar activation also occurs to a non-speech surrogate 'language'. We compare neural activation in newborn infants to the language heard "in utero" (English), to an unfamiliar language (Spanish), and to a whistled surrogate language (Silbo Gomero)…
Descriptors: Speech Communication, Birth, Neonates, Prenatal Influences
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Ding, Xiao Pan; Heyman, Gail D.; Fu, Genyue; Zhu, Bo; Lee, Kang – Developmental Science, 2018
We investigated how the ability to deceive emerges in early childhood among a sample of young preschoolers (Mean age = 34.7 months). We did this via a 10-session microgenetic method that took place over a 10-day period. In each session, children played a zero-sum game against an adult to win treats. In the game, children hid the treats and had…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Deception, Games, Rewards
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Over, Harriet; Eggleston, Adam; Bell, Jenny; Dunham, Yarrow – Developmental Science, 2018
Understanding the origins of prejudice necessitates exploring the ways in which children participate in the construction of biased representations of social groups. We investigate whether young children actively seek out information that supports and extends their initial intergroup biases. In Studies 1 and 2, we show that children choose to hear…
Descriptors: Information Seeking, Peer Groups, Social Bias, Intergroup Relations
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Taggart, Jessica; Heise, Megan J.; Lillard, Angeline S. – Developmental Science, 2018
Pretend play is a quintessential activity of early childhood, and adults supply children with many toys to encourage it. Do young children actually prefer to pretend, or do they do it because they are unable to engage in some activities for real? Here we examined, for nine different activities, American middle-class preschoolers' preferences for…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Preferences, Physical Activities, Learning Activities
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Jones, Pete R.; Dekker, Tessa M. – Developmental Science, 2018
The mature visual system condenses complex scenes into simple summary statistics (e.g., average size, location, orientation, etc.). However, children, often perform poorly on perceptual averaging tasks. Children's difficulties are typically thought to represent the suboptimal implementation of an adult-like strategy. This paper examines another…
Descriptors: Statistics, Task Analysis, Children, Correlation
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