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Nava, Elena; Föcker, Julia; Gori, Monica – Developmental Science, 2020
Combining information across different sensory modalities is of critical importance for the animal's survival and a core feature of human's everyday life. In adulthood, sensory information is often integrated in a statistically optimal fashion, so that the combined estimates of two or more senses are more reliable than the best single one. Several…
Descriptors: Sensory Integration, Preschool Children, Teaching Methods, Games
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Smyth, Rachael E.; Ansari, Daniel – Developmental Science, 2020
Research demonstrating that infants discriminate between small (e.g., 1 vs. 3 dots) and large numerosities (e.g., 8 vs. 16 dots) is central to theories concerning the origins of human numerical abilities. To date, there has been no quantitative meta-analysis of the infant numerical competency data. Here, we quantitatively synthesize the evidential…
Descriptors: Infants, Visual Perception, Visual Stimuli, Numeracy
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Barr, Rachel; Rusnak, Sylvia N.; Brito, Natalie H.; Nugent, Courtney – Developmental Science, 2020
Bilingual infants from 6- to 24-months of age are more likely to generalize, flexibly reproducing actions on novel objects significantly more often than age-matched monolingual infants are. In the current study, we examine whether the addition of novel verbal labels enhances memory generalization in a perceptually complex imitation task. We…
Descriptors: Infants, Monolingualism, Bilingualism, Comparative Analysis
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Schröder, Elin; Gredebäck, Gustaf; Gunnarsson, Jessica; Lindskog, Marcus – Developmental Science, 2020
Motor experiences and active exploration during early childhood may affect individual differences in a wide range of perceptual and cognitive abilities. In the current study, we suggest that active exploration of objects facilitates the ability to process object forms and magnitudes, which in turn impacts the development of numerosity perception.…
Descriptors: Infants, Intervention, Play, Eye Movements
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Cheng, Dazhi; Xiao, Qing; Cui, Jiaxin; Chen, Chuansheng; Zeng, Jieying; Chen, Qian; Zhou, Xinlin – Developmental Science, 2020
Studies have shown that numerosity-based arithmetic training can promote arithmetic learning in typically developing children as well as children with developmental dyscalculia (DD), but the cognitive mechanism underlying this training effect remains unclear. The main aim of the current study was to examine the role of visual form perception in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Short Term Memory, Mathematics Education, Arithmetic