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Yu, Yue; Kushnir, Tamar – Developmental Science, 2020
The success of human culture depends on early emerging mechanisms of social learning, which include the ability to acquire opaque cultural knowledge through faithful imitation, as well as the ability to advance culture through flexible discovery of new means to goal attainment. This study explores whether this mixture of faithful imitation and…
Descriptors: Socialization, Imitation, Goal Orientation, Parent Attitudes
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Chen, Chi-hsin; Castellanos, Irina; Yu, Chen; Houston, Derek M. – Developmental Science, 2020
Coordinated attention between children and their parents plays an important role in their social, language, and cognitive development. The current study used head-mounted eye-trackers to investigate the effects of children's prelingual hearing loss on how they achieve coordinated attention with their hearing parents during free-flowing object…
Descriptors: Attention, Parent Child Relationship, Child Development, Eye Movements
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Bazhydai, Marina; Silverstein, Priya; Parise, Eugenio; Westermann, Gert – Developmental Science, 2020
Children are sensitive to both social and non-social aspects of the learning environment. Among social cues, pedagogical communication has been shown to not only play a role in children's learning, but also in their own active transmission of knowledge. Vredenburgh, Kushnir and Casasola, "Developmental Science," 2015, 18, 645 showed that…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Learning Processes, Social Environment, Cues
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Arunachalam, Sudha; Dennis, Shaun – Developmental Science, 2019
Verbs are often uttered before the events they describe. By 2 years of age, toddlers can learn from such an encounter. Hearing a novel verb in transitive sentences (e.g. "The boy lorped the cat"), even with no visual referent present, they later map it to a causative meaning (e.g. "feed") (e.g. Yuan & Fisher, [Yuan, S.,…
Descriptors: Semantics, Verbs, Toddlers, Vocabulary Development
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Bergelson, Elika; Casillas, Marisa; Soderstrom, Melanie; Seidl, Amanda; Warlaumont, Anne S.; Amatuni, Andrei – Developmental Science, 2019
A range of demographic variables influences how much speech young children hear. However, because studies have used vastly different sampling methods, quantitative comparison of interlocking demographic effects has been nearly impossible, across or within studies. We harnessed a unique collection of existing naturalistic, day-long recordings from…
Descriptors: Infants, Toddlers, Speech Communication, Age Differences
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Grossheinrich, Nicola; Schulte-Körne, Gerd; Marschik, Peter B; Kademann, Stefanie; von Suchodoletz, Waldemar; Sachse, Steffi – Developmental Science, 2019
Background: Early intervention for children identified as late talkers (LTs) at the age of 24 months is still a controversial issue in research and clinical routine. Previous studies have shown inconsistent results regarding predictors of early lexical deficits on school-age outcomes of late-talking toddlers. Methods: In a five-wave follow-up…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Child Language, Delayed Speech, Verbal Development
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Potter, Christine E.; Fourakis, Eva; Morin-Lessard, Elizabeth; Byers-Heinlein, Krista; Lew-Williams, Casey – Developmental Science, 2019
In bilingual language environments, infants and toddlers listen to two separate languages during the same key years that monolingual children listen to just one and bilinguals rarely learn each of their two languages at the same rate. Learning to understand language requires them to cope with challenges not found in monolingual input, notably the…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Toddlers, Comprehension, Sentences
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Perdue, Katherine L.; Jensen, Sarah K. G.; Kumar, Swapna; Richards, John E.; Kakon, Shahria Hafiz; Haque, Rashidul; Petri, William A.; Lloyd-Fox, Sarah; Elwell, Clare; Nelson, Charles A. – Developmental Science, 2019
Children living in low-resource settings are at risk for failing to reach their developmental potential. While the behavioral outcomes of growing up in such settings are well-known, the neural mechanisms underpinning poor outcomes have not been well elucidated, particularly in the context of low- and middle-income countries. In this study, we…
Descriptors: Spectroscopy, Social Cognition, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Poverty
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Lany, Jill – Developmental Science, 2018
Children who rapidly recognize and interpret familiar words typically have accelerated lexical growth, providing indirect evidence that lexical processing efficiency (LPE) is related to word-learning ability. Here we directly tested whether children with better LPE are better able to learn novel words. In Experiment 1, 17- and 30-month-olds were…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Word Recognition, Age Differences, Language Processing
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Negen, James; Heywood-Everett, Edward; Roome, Hannah E.; Nardini, Marko – Developmental Science, 2018
Using landmarks and other scene features to recall locations from new viewpoints is a critical skill in spatial cognition. In an immersive virtual reality task, we asked children 3.5-4.5 years old to remember the location of a target using various cues. On some trials they could use information from their own self-motion. On some trials they could…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Recall (Psychology), Age Differences, Task Analysis
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Odic, Darko – Developmental Science, 2018
Young children can quickly and intuitively represent the number of objects in a visual scene through the Approximate Number System (ANS). The precision of the ANS--indexed as the most difficult ratio of two numbers that children can reliably discriminate--is well known to improve with development: whereas infants require relatively large ratios to…
Descriptors: Correlation, Mathematics, Number Concepts, Comparative Analysis
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Luchkina, Elena; Sobel, David M.; Morgan, James L. – Developmental Science, 2018
The present studies examine whether and how 18-month-olds use informants' accuracy to acquire novel labels for novel objects and generalize them to a new context. In Experiment 1, two speakers made statements about the labels of familiar objects. One used accurate labels and the other used inaccurate labels. One of these speakers then introduced…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Familiarity, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Accuracy
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MacDonald, Kyle; LaMarr, Todd; Corina, David; Marchman, Virginia A.; Fernald, Anne – Developmental Science, 2018
When children interpret spoken language in real time, linguistic information drives rapid shifts in visual attention to objects in the visual world. This language-vision interaction can provide insights into children's developing efficiency in language comprehension. But how does language influence visual attention when the linguistic signal and…
Descriptors: Synchronous Communication, Comprehension, Toddlers, American Sign Language
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Kretch, Kari S.; Adolph, Karen E. – Developmental Science, 2017
How do infants plan and guide locomotion under challenging conditions? This experiment investigated the real-time process of visual and haptic exploration in 14-month-old infants as they decided whether and how to walk over challenging terrain--a series of bridges varying in width. Infants' direction of gaze was recorded with a head-mounted eye…
Descriptors: Infants, Psychomotor Skills, Visual Perception, Toddlers
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Myers, Lauren J.; LeWitt, Rachel B.; Gallo, Renee E.; Maselli, Nicole M. – Developmental Science, 2017
There is abundant evidence for the "video deficit": children under 2 years old learn better in person than from video. We evaluated whether these findings applied to video chat by testing whether children aged 12-25 months could form relationships with and learn from on-screen partners. We manipulated social contingency: children…
Descriptors: Video Technology, Toddlers, Young Children, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension)
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