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Bejjanki, Vikranth R.; Randrup, Emily R.; Aslin, Richard N. – Developmental Science, 2020
Human adults are adept at mitigating the influence of sensory uncertainty on task performance by integrating sensory cues with learned prior information, in a Bayes-optimal fashion. Previous research has shown that young children and infants are sensitive to environmental regularities, and that the ability to learn and use such regularities is…
Descriptors: Young Children, Sensory Experience, Cues, Learning Processes
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Chen, Chi-hsin; Castellanos, Irina; Yu, Chen; Houston, Derek M. – Developmental Science, 2020
Coordinated attention between children and their parents plays an important role in their social, language, and cognitive development. The current study used head-mounted eye-trackers to investigate the effects of children's prelingual hearing loss on how they achieve coordinated attention with their hearing parents during free-flowing object…
Descriptors: Attention, Parent Child Relationship, Child Development, Eye Movements
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Barr, Rachel; Rusnak, Sylvia N.; Brito, Natalie H.; Nugent, Courtney – Developmental Science, 2020
Bilingual infants from 6- to 24-months of age are more likely to generalize, flexibly reproducing actions on novel objects significantly more often than age-matched monolingual infants are. In the current study, we examine whether the addition of novel verbal labels enhances memory generalization in a perceptually complex imitation task. We…
Descriptors: Infants, Monolingualism, Bilingualism, Comparative Analysis
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Benitez, Viridiana L.; Bulgarelli, Federica; Byers-Heinlein, Krista; Saffran, Jenny R.; Weiss, Daniel J. – Developmental Science, 2020
Language acquisition depends on the ability to detect and track the distributional properties of speech. Successful acquisition also necessitates detecting changes in those properties, which can occur when the learner encounters different speakers, topics, dialects, or languages. When encountering multiple speech streams with different underlying…
Descriptors: Infants, Language Acquisition, Speech, Monolingualism
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Bazhydai, Marina; Silverstein, Priya; Parise, Eugenio; Westermann, Gert – Developmental Science, 2020
Children are sensitive to both social and non-social aspects of the learning environment. Among social cues, pedagogical communication has been shown to not only play a role in children's learning, but also in their own active transmission of knowledge. Vredenburgh, Kushnir and Casasola, "Developmental Science," 2015, 18, 645 showed that…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Learning Processes, Social Environment, Cues
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Höhle, Barbara; Fritzsche, Tom; Meß, Katharina; Philipp, Mareike; Gafos, Adamantios – Developmental Science, 2020
Seminal work by Werker and colleagues (Stager & Werker [1997] "Nature," 388, 381-382) has found that 14-month-old infants do not show evidence for learning minimal pairs in the habituation-switch paradigm. However, when multiple speakers produce the minimal pair in acoustically variable ways, infants' performance improves in…
Descriptors: Infants, Vocabulary Development, Phonetics, Habituation
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Mercure, Evelyne; Kushnerenko, Elena; Goldberg, Laura; Bowden-Howl, Harriet; Coulson, Kimberley; Johnson, Mark H; MacSweeney, Mairéad – Developmental Science, 2019
Infants as young as 2 months can integrate audio and visual aspects of speech articulation. A shift of attention from the eyes towards the mouth of talking faces occurs around 6 months of age in monolingual infants. However, it is unknown whether this pattern of attention during audiovisual speech processing is influenced by speech and language…
Descriptors: Infants, Bilingualism, Auditory Stimuli, Visual Stimuli
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Broadbent, Hannah J.; Osborne, Tamsin; Mareschal, Denis; Kirkham, Natasha Z. – Developmental Science, 2019
Multisensory tools are commonly employed within educational settings (e.g. Carter & Stephenson, 2012), and there is a growing body of literature advocating the benefits of presenting children with multisensory information over unisensory cues for learning (Baker & Jordan, 2015; Jordan & Baker, 2011). This is even the case when the…
Descriptors: Multisensory Learning, Teaching Methods, Cues, Retention (Psychology)
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Singh, Leher; Quinn, Paul C.; Xiao, Naiqi G.; Lee, Kang – Developmental Science, 2019
Bilingualism exerts early and pervasive effects on cognition, observable in infancy. Thus far, investigations of infant bilingual cognition have focused on sensitivity to visual memory, executive function, and linguistic sensitivity. Much less research has focused on how bilingualism impacts processing of social cues. The present study sought to…
Descriptors: Monolingualism, Bilingualism, Infants, Racial Bias
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Hirai, Masahiro; Kanakogi, Yasuhiro – Developmental Science, 2019
The theory of natural pedagogy has proposed that infants can use ostensive signals, including eye contact, infant-directed speech, and contingency to learn from others. However, the role of bodily gestures, such as hand-waving, in social learning has been largely ignored. To address this gap in the literature, this study sought to determine…
Descriptors: Nonverbal Communication, Teaching Methods, Infants, Infant Behavior
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Fló, Ana; Brusini, Perrine; Macagno, Francesco; Nespor, Marina; Mehler, Jacques; Ferry, Alissa L. – Developmental Science, 2019
Before infants can learn words, they must identify those words in continuous speech. Yet, the speech signal lacks obvious boundary markers, which poses a potential problem for language acquisition (Swingley, "Philos Trans R Soc Lond. Series B, Biol Sci" 364(1536), 3617-3632, 2009). By the middle of the first year, infants seem to have…
Descriptors: Neonates, Infants, Experiments, Language Acquisition
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Comishen, Kyle J.; Bialystok, Ellen; Adler, Scott A. – Developmental Science, 2019
Bilingualism has been observed to influence cognitive processing across the lifespan but whether bilingual environments have an effect on selective attention and attention strategies in infancy remains an unresolved question. In Study 1, infants exposed to monolingual or bilingual environments participated in an eye-tracking cueing task in which…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Infants, Monolingualism, Eye Movements
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Hoareau, Mélanie; Yeung, H. Henny; Nazzi, Thierry – Developmental Science, 2019
Individual variability in infant's language processing is partly explained by environmental factors, like the quantity of parental speech input, as well as by infant-specific factors, like speech production. Here, we explore how these factors affect infant word segmentation. We used an artificial language to ensure that only statistical…
Descriptors: Infants, Child Language, Language Processing, Environmental Influences
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Fecher, Natalie; Johnson, Elizabeth K. – Developmental Science, 2019
Bilingual and monolingual infants differ in how they process linguistic aspects of the speech signal. But do they also differ in how they process non-linguistic aspects of speech, such as who is talking? Here, we addressed this question by testing Canadian monolingual and bilingual 9-month-olds on their ability to learn to identify native…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Monolingualism, Infants, Speech Communication
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Birulés, Joan; Bosch, Laura; Brieke, Ricarda; Pons, Ferran; Lewkowicz, David J. – Developmental Science, 2019
Previous findings indicate that bilingual Catalan/Spanish-learning infants attend more to the highly salient audiovisual redundancy cues normally available in a talker's mouth than do monolingual infants. Presumably, greater attention to such cues renders the challenge of learning two languages easier. Spanish and Catalan are, however,…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Attention, Human Body, Infants
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