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Showing 46 to 60 of 172 results Save | Export
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Wong, Terry Tin-Yau – Developmental Science, 2018
The current study aimed to investigate the relation between conditional reasoning, which is a common type of logical reasoning, and children's mathematical problem solving. A sample of 124 fourth graders was tested for their conditional reasoning skills and their mathematical problem solving skills, as well as a list of control variables (e.g.,…
Descriptors: Correlation, Thinking Skills, Mathematics Skills, Problem Solving
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West, Gillian; Vadillo, Miguel A.; Shanks, David R.; Hulme, Charles – Developmental Science, 2018
Impaired procedural learning has been suggested as a possible cause of developmental dyslexia (DD) and specific language impairment (SLI). This study examined the relationship between measures of verbal and non-verbal implicit and explicit learning and measures of language, literacy and arithmetic attainment in a large sample of 7 to 8-year-old…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Language Impairments, Young Children, Verbal Learning
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Wilkey, Eric D.; Cutting, Laurie E.; Price, Gavin R. – Developmental Science, 2018
The development of math skills is a critical component of early education and a strong indicator of later school and economic success. Recent research utilizing population-normed, standardized measures of math achievement suggest that structural and functional integrity of parietal regions, especially the intraparietal sulcus, are closely related…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Tests, Mathematics Achievement, Mathematics Skills
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Whitaker, Kirstie J.; Vendetti, Michael S.; Wendelken, Carter; Bunge, Silvia A. – Developmental Science, 2018
Analogical reasoning, or the ability to find correspondences between entities based on shared relationships, supports knowledge acquisition. As such, the development of this ability during childhood is thought to promote learning. Here, we sought to better understand the mechanisms by which analogical reasoning about semantic relations improves…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Learning, Brain, Correlation
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Odic, Darko – Developmental Science, 2018
Young children can quickly and intuitively represent the number of objects in a visual scene through the Approximate Number System (ANS). The precision of the ANS--indexed as the most difficult ratio of two numbers that children can reliably discriminate--is well known to improve with development: whereas infants require relatively large ratios to…
Descriptors: Correlation, Mathematics, Number Concepts, Comparative Analysis
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Hoff, Erika; Quinn, Jamie M.; Giguere, David – Developmental Science, 2018
A close relationship between children's vocabulary size and the grammatical complexity of their speech is well attested but not well understood. The present study used latent change score modeling to examine the dynamic relationships between vocabulary and grammar growth within and across languages in longitudinal data from 90 simultaneous…
Descriptors: Correlation, Vocabulary, Grammar, Children
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Perone, Sammy; Palanisamy, Jeeva; Carlson, Stephanie M. – Developmental Science, 2018
The connection between brain rhythms at rest and cognition remains poorly understood. This is especially true during early childhood in which neuroimaging data are relatively scarce. We developed a new method for collecting eyes closed and eyes open resting state electroencephalography (EEG) suitable for young children. We report results…
Descriptors: Brain, Young Children, Executive Function, Early Childhood Education
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Swanson, Meghan R.; Wolff, Jason J.; Elison, Jed T.; Gu, Hongbin; Hazlett, Heather C.; Botteron, Kelly; Styner, Martin; Paterson, Sarah; Gerig, Guido; Constantino, John; Dager, Stephen; Estes, Annette; Vachet, Clement; Piven, Joseph – Developmental Science, 2017
The association between developmental trajectories of language-related white matter fiber pathways from 6 to 24 months of age and individual differences in language production at 24 months of age was investigated. The splenium of the corpus callosum, a fiber pathway projecting through the posterior hub of the default mode network to occipital…
Descriptors: Correlation, Oral Language, Infants, Individual Differences
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Park, Daeun; Schaeffer, Marjorie W.; Nolla, Kyle M.; Levine, Susan C.; Beilock, Sian L. – Developmental Science, 2017
Generic statements about the abilities of children's social groups (e.g. "Girls/Boys are good at this game") negatively impact children's performance--even if the statements are favorable towards children's own social groups. We explored the mechanism by which generic language impairs children's performance. Across three studies, our…
Descriptors: Beliefs, Children, Performance, Correlation
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Schneider, Michael; Beeres, Kassandra; Coban, Leyla; Merz, Simon; Schmidt, S. Susan; Stricker, Johannes; De Smedt, Bert – Developmental Science, 2017
Many studies have investigated the association between numerical magnitude processing skills, as assessed by the numerical magnitude comparison task, and broader mathematical competence, e.g. counting, arithmetic, or algebra. Most correlations were positive but varied considerably in their strengths. It remains unclear whether and to what extent…
Descriptors: Meta Analysis, Mathematics Skills, Correlation, Age Differences
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Marchman, Virginia A.; Martínez, Lucía Z.; Hurtado, Nereyda; Grüter, Theres; Fernald, Anne – Developmental Science, 2017
In research on language development by bilingual children, the early language environment is commonly characterized in terms of the relative amount of exposure a child gets to each language based on parent report. Little is known about how absolute measures of child-directed speech in two languages relate to language growth. In this study of…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Spanish Speaking, English, Parent Attitudes
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Lourenco, Stella F.; Bonny, Justin W. – Developmental Science, 2017
A growing body of evidence suggests that non-symbolic representations of number, which humans share with nonhuman animals, are functionally related to uniquely human mathematical thought. Other research suggesting that numerical and non-numerical magnitudes not only share analog format but also form part of a general magnitude system raises…
Descriptors: Mathematics Skills, Skill Development, Correlation, Task Analysis
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Bertels, Julie; San Anton, Estibaliz; Gebuis, Titia; Destrebecqz, Arnaud – Developmental Science, 2017
Extracting the statistical regularities present in the environment is a central learning mechanism in infancy. For instance, infants are able to learn the associations between simultaneously or successively presented visual objects (Fiser & Aslin, 2002; Kirkham, Slemmer & Johnson, 2002). The present study extends these results by…
Descriptors: Infants, Associative Learning, Visual Learning, Cues
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Byers-Heinlein, Krista; Behrend, Douglas A.; Said, Lyakout Mohamed; Girgis, Helana; Poulin-Dubois, Diane – Developmental Science, 2017
Past research has shown that young monolingual children exhibit language-based social biases: they prefer native language to foreign language speakers. The current research investigated how children's language preferences are influenced by their own bilingualism and by a speaker's bilingualism. Monolingual and bilingual 4- to 6-year-olds heard…
Descriptors: Monolingualism, Bilingualism, Preferences, Social Bias
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Travers, Brittany G.; Bigler, Erin D.; Duffield, Tyler C.; Prigge, Molly D. B.; Froehlich, Alyson L.; Lange, Nicholas; Alexander, Andrew L.; Lainhart, Janet E. – Developmental Science, 2017
Many individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) exhibit motor difficulties, but it is unknown whether manual motor skills improve, plateau, or decline in ASD in the transition from childhood into adulthood. Atypical development of manual motor skills could impact the ability to learn and perform daily activities across the life span. This…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Psychomotor Skills, Age Differences
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