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Cowan, Nelson; Li, Yu; Glass, Bret A.; Scott Saults, J. – Developmental Science, 2018
Presentation of two kinds of materials in working memory (visual and acoustic), with the requirement to attend to one or both modalities, poses an interesting case for working memory development because competing predictions can be formulated. In two experiments, we assessed such predictions with children 7-13 years old and adults. With…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Visual Perception, Auditory Perception, Acoustics
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Odic, Darko – Developmental Science, 2018
Young children can quickly and intuitively represent the number of objects in a visual scene through the Approximate Number System (ANS). The precision of the ANS--indexed as the most difficult ratio of two numbers that children can reliably discriminate--is well known to improve with development: whereas infants require relatively large ratios to…
Descriptors: Correlation, Mathematics, Number Concepts, Comparative Analysis
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Tullo, Domenico; Guy, Jacalyn; Faubert, Jocelyn; Bertone, Armando – Developmental Science, 2018
The efficacy of attention training paradigms is influenced by many factors, including the specificity of targeted cognitive processes, accuracy of outcome measures, accessibility to specialized populations, and adaptability to user capability. These issues are increasingly significant when working with children diagnosed with neurodevelopmental…
Descriptors: Attention, Experimental Groups, Control Groups, Children
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Wang, Yuanyuan; Shafto, Carissa L.; Houston, Derek M. – Developmental Science, 2018
Early auditory/language experience plays an important role in language development. In this study, we examined the effects of severe-to-profound hearing loss and subsequent cochlear implantation on the development of attention to speech in children with cochlear implants (CIs). In addition, we investigated the extent to which attention to speech…
Descriptors: Speech, Language Acquisition, Oral Language, Attention
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Purser, Harry R. M.; Farran, Emily K.; Courbois, Yannick; Lemahieu, Axelle; Sockeel, Pascal; Mellier, Daniel; Blades, Mark – Developmental Science, 2015
The ability to navigate new environments has a significant impact on the daily life and independence of people with learning difficulties. The aims of this study were to investigate the development of route learning in Down syndrome (N = 50), Williams syndrome (N = 19), and typically developing children between 5 and 11 years old (N = 108); to…
Descriptors: Genetic Disorders, Down Syndrome, Mental Retardation, Comparative Analysis
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Bogon, Johanna; Finke, Kathrin; Schulte-Körne, Gerd; Müller, Hermann J.; Schneider, Werner X.; Stenneken, Prisca – Developmental Science, 2014
People with developmental dyslexia (DD) have been shown to be impaired in tasks that require the processing of multiple visual elements in parallel. It has been suggested that this deficit originates from disturbed visual attentional functions. The parameter-based assessment of visual attention based on Bundesen's (1990) theory of visual…
Descriptors: Children, Dyslexia, Developmental Disabilities, Cognitive Processes
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Strait, Dana L.; Slater, Jessica; Abecassis, Victor; Kraus, Nina – Developmental Science, 2014
Attention induces synchronicity in neuronal firing for the encoding of a given stimulus at the exclusion of others. Recently, we reported decreased variability in scalp-recorded cortical evoked potentials to attended compared with ignored speech in adults. Here we aimed to determine the developmental time course for this neural index of auditory…
Descriptors: Attention, Auditory Perception, Brain, Cognitive Processes
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Lipina, Sebastián; Segretin, Soledad; Hermida, Julia; Prats, Lucía; Fracchia, Carolina; Camelo, Jorge López; Colombo, Jorge – Developmental Science, 2013
Tests of attentional control, working memory, and planning were administered to compare the non-verbal executive control performance of healthy children from different socioeconomic backgrounds. In addition, mediations of several sociodemographic variables, identified in the literature as part of the experience of child poverty, between…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Poverty, Cognitive Development, Attention
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Maister, Lara; Plaisted-Grant, Kate C. – Developmental Science, 2011
Timing is essential for the development of cognitive skills known to be impaired in Autism Spectrum Conditions (ASC), such as social cognition and episodic memory abilities. Despite the proposal that timing impairments may underpin core features of ASC, few studies have examined temporal processing in ASC and they have produced conflicting…
Descriptors: Autism, Social Cognition, Memory, Pervasive Developmental Disorders