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Showing 1 to 15 of 85 results Save | Export
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Gard, Arianna M.; Maxwell, Andrea M.; Shaw, Daniel S.; Mitchell, Colter; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; McLanahan, Sara S.; Forbes, Erika E.; Monk, Christopher S.; Hyde, Luke W. – Developmental Science, 2021
A growing literature suggests that adversity is associated with later altered brain function, particularly within the corticolimbic system that supports emotion processing and salience detection (e.g., amygdala, prefrontal cortex [PFC]). Although neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantage has been shown to predict maladaptive behavioral outcomes,…
Descriptors: Brain, Disadvantaged Environment, Neighborhoods, Individual Development
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Greeley, Brian; Weber, Rachel C.; Denyer, Ronan; Ferris, Jennifer K.; Rubino, Cristina; White, Katherine; Boyd, Lara A. – Developmental Science, 2021
Reading is a critical neurodevelopmental skill for school-aged children, which requires a distributed network of brain regions including the cerebellum. However, we do not know how functional connectivity between the cerebellum and other brain regions contributes to reading. Here we used resting-state functional connectivity to understand the…
Descriptors: Reading Processes, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Decoding (Reading), Reading Rate
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Machlin, Laura; McLaughlin, Katie A.; Sheridan, Margaret A. – Developmental Science, 2020
Low socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with greater risk for symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). One mechanism through which SES may confer risk for ADHD is by influencing brain structure. Alterations to cortical thickness, surface area and subcortical volume have been associated with low SES and with the presence of…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Socioeconomic Influences, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Brain
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Debnath, Ranjan; Tang, Alva; Zeanah, Charles H.; Nelson, Charles A.; Fox, Nathan A. – Developmental Science, 2020
Exposure to early psychosocial deprivation as a result of institutional care disrupts typical brain development. The Bucharest Early Intervention Project (BEIP) is the first longitudinal study to investigate the neurodevelopment of institutionalized infants randomized to a foster care (FCG) intervention versus care as usual (CAUG). Here, we…
Descriptors: Foster Care, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Placement, Child Development
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Sheridan, Margaret A.; Shi, Feng; Miller, Adam B.; Salhi, Carmel; McLaughlin, Katie A. – Developmental Science, 2020
Exposure to childhood adversity is common and associated with a host of negative developmental outcomes. The most common approach used to examine the consequences of adversity exposure is a cumulative risk model. Recently, we have proposed a novel approach, the dimensional model of adversity and psychopathology (DMAP), where different dimensions…
Descriptors: Child Development, Well Being, Child Health, Adolescents
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Delalande, Lisa; Moyon, Marine; Tissier, Cloélia; Dorriere, Valérie; Guillois, Bernard; Mevell, Katel; Charron, Sylvain; Salvia, Emilie; Poirel, Nicolas; Vidal, Julie; Lion, Stéphanie; Oppenheim, Catherine; Houdé, Olivier; Cachia, Arnaud; Borst, Grégoire – Developmental Science, 2020
A number of training interventions have been designed to improve executive functions and inhibitory control (IC) across the lifespan. Surprisingly, no study has investigated the structural neuroplasticity induced by IC training from childhood to late adolescence, a developmental period characterized by IC efficiency improvement and protracted…
Descriptors: Intervention, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Executive Function, Inhibition
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Beloe, Patricia; Derakshan, Nazanin – Developmental Science, 2020
Adolescents can be at heightened risk for anxiety and depression, with accumulating research reporting on associations between anxiety and depression and cognitive impairments, implicating working memory and attentional control deficits. Several studies now point to the promise of adaptive working memory training to increase attentional control in…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Training Methods, Anxiety, Stress Management
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Rennie, Joseph P.; Zhang, Mengya; Hawkins, Erin; Bathelt, Joe; Astle, Duncan E. – Developmental Science, 2020
We used two simple unsupervised machine learning techniques to identify differential trajectories of change in children who undergo intensive working memory (WM) training. We used self-organizing maps (SOMs)--a type of simple artificial neural network--to represent multivariate cognitive training data, and then tested whether the way tasks are…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Teaching Methods, Artificial Intelligence, Cognitive Development
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Piccolo, Luciane R.; Merz, Emily C.; Noble, Kimberly G. – Developmental Science, 2019
A positive school climate has been found to support mental and physical health, academic achievement and social adjustment among youth. However, links between school climate and brain structure have not been investigated to date. In this study, we investigated whether school climate was associated with executive function (EF) and brain structure…
Descriptors: Educational Environment, Correlation, Brain, Executive Function
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Starkey, Leighann; Aber, J. Lawrence; Crossman, Angela – Developmental Science, 2019
Exposure to community violence is thought to create risk for the social and emotional development of children, including those children living in low-income, conflict-affected countries. In the absence of other types of community resources, schools may be one of the few community resources that can help buffer children from the negative effects of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Environment, Violence, Children
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Uy, Jessica P.; Goldenberg, Diane; Tashjian, Sarah M.; Do, Kathy T.; Galván, Adriana – Developmental Science, 2019
Biologically embedded experiences alter developmental trajectories in ways that can influence health, learning, and/or behavior. These systematic differences in experiences may contribute to different biological outcomes as individuals grow and develop, including at the neural level. Previous studies of biologically embedded experiences on…
Descriptors: Physical Environment, Family Environment, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Cognitive Development
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Schneider, Julie M.; Maguire, Mandy J. – Developmental Science, 2019
School-aged and adolescent children continue to demonstrate improvements in how they integrate and comprehend real-time, auditory language over this developmental time period, which can have important implications for academic and social success. To better understand developmental changes in the neural processes engaged during language…
Descriptors: Semantics, Syntax, Language Processing, Error Patterns
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Rollins, Leslie; Riggins, Tracy – Developmental Science, 2018
The ability to mentally re-experience past events improves significantly from childhood to young adulthood; however, the mechanisms underlying this ability remain poorly understood, partially because different tasks are used across the lifespan. This study was designed to address this gap by assessing the development of event-related potential…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Coding, Information Retrieval, Correlation
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Blais, Mélody; Amarantini, David; Albaret, Jean-Michel; Chaix, Yves; Tallet, Jessica – Developmental Science, 2018
Impairment of motor learning skills in developmental coordination disorder (DCD) has been reported in several studies. Some hypotheses on neural mechanisms of motor learning deficits in DCD have emerged but, to date, brain-imaging investigations are scarce. The aim of the present study is to assess possible changes in communication between brain…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Correlation, Motor Development, Control Groups
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Park, Joonkoo; van den Berg, Berry; Chiang, Crystal; Woldorff, Marty G.; Brannon, Elizabeth M. – Developmental Science, 2018
Adult neuroimaging studies have demonstrated dissociable neural activation patterns in the visual cortex in response to letters (Latin alphabet) and numbers (Arabic numerals), which suggest a strong experiential influence of reading and mathematics on the human visual system. Here, developmental trajectories in the event-related potential (ERP)…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Neurological Organization, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Alphabets
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