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Gaither, Sarah E.; Fan, Samantha P.; Kinzler, Katherine D. – Developmental Science, 2020
Studies of children's developing social identification often focus on individual forms of identity. Yet, everyone has multiple potential identities. Here we investigated whether making children aware of their multifaceted identities--effectively seeing themselves from multiple angles--would promote their flexible thinking. In Experiment 1, 6- to…
Descriptors: Self Concept, Problem Solving, Children, Thinking Skills
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Frankenhuis, Willem E.; de Vries, Sarah A.; Bianchi, JeanMarie; Ellis, Bruce J. – Developmental Science, 2020
Although growing up in stressful conditions can undermine mental abilities, people in harsh environments may develop intact, or even "enhanced," social and cognitive abilities for solving problems in high-adversity contexts (i.e. 'hidden talents'). We examine whether childhood and current exposure to violence are associated with memory…
Descriptors: Memory, Thinking Skills, Social Development, Cognitive Development
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Gilligan, Katie A.; Hodgkiss, Alex; Thomas, Michael S. C.; Farran, Emily K. – Developmental Science, 2019
Spatial thinking is an important predictor of mathematics. However, existing data do not determine whether all spatial sub-domains are equally important for mathematics outcomes nor whether mathematics-spatial associations vary through development. This study addresses these questions by exploring the developmental relations between mathematics…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Predictor Variables, Mathematics Skills, Elementary School Students
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Ding, Xiao Pan; Heyman, Gail D.; Fu, Genyue; Zhu, Bo; Lee, Kang – Developmental Science, 2018
We investigated how the ability to deceive emerges in early childhood among a sample of young preschoolers (Mean age = 34.7 months). We did this via a 10-session microgenetic method that took place over a 10-day period. In each session, children played a zero-sum game against an adult to win treats. In the game, children hid the treats and had…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Deception, Games, Rewards
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Wong, Terry Tin-Yau – Developmental Science, 2018
The current study aimed to investigate the relation between conditional reasoning, which is a common type of logical reasoning, and children's mathematical problem solving. A sample of 124 fourth graders was tested for their conditional reasoning skills and their mathematical problem solving skills, as well as a list of control variables (e.g.,…
Descriptors: Correlation, Thinking Skills, Mathematics Skills, Problem Solving
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Schwartz, Flora; Epinat-Duclos, Justine; Noveck, Ira; Prado, Jérôme – Developmental Science, 2018
Older interlocutors are more likely than younger ones to make pragmatic inferences, that is, inferences that go beyond the linguistically encoded meaning of a sentence. Here we ask whether pragmatic development is associated with increased activity in brain structures associated with inference-making or in those associated with Theory of Mind. We…
Descriptors: Neurological Organization, Brain, Inferences, Cognitive Structures
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Ponari, Marta; Norbury, Courtenay Frazier; Vigliocco, Gabriella – Developmental Science, 2018
There is considerable lack of evidence concerning the linguistic and cognitive skills underpinning abstract vocabulary acquisition. The present study considers the role of emotional valence in providing an embodied learning experience in which to anchor abstract meanings. First, analyses of adult ratings of age-of-acquisition, concreteness and…
Descriptors: Thinking Skills, Vocabulary Development, Learning Experience, Children
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Creel, Sarah C.; Weng, Mengxing; Fu, Genyue; Heyman, Gail D.; Lee, Kang – Developmental Science, 2018
Young children learn multiple cognitive skills concurrently (e.g., language and music). Evidence is limited as to whether and how learning in one domain affects that in another during early development. Here we assessed whether exposure to a tone language benefits musical pitch processing among 3-5-year-old children. More specifically, we compared…
Descriptors: Tone Languages, Preschool Children, Thinking Skills, Intonation
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Johnston, Angie M.; Johnson, Samuel G. B.; Koven, Marissa L.; Keil, Frank C. – Developmental Science, 2017
Like scientists, children seek ways to explain causal systems in the world. But are children scientists in the strict Bayesian tradition of maximizing posterior probability? Or do they attend to other explanatory considerations, as laypeople and scientists--such as Einstein--do? Four experiments support the latter possibility. In particular, we…
Descriptors: Young Children, Thinking Skills, Inferences, Bayesian Statistics
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Kail, Robert V.; Lervåg, Arne; Hulme, Charles – Developmental Science, 2016
Age-related change in processing speed has been linked directly to increases in reasoning as well as indirectly via increases in the capacity of working memory (WM). Most of the evidence linking change in speed to reasoning has come from cross-sectional research; in this article we present the findings from a 2½-year longitudinal study of 277 6-…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Longitudinal Studies, Cognitive Processes, Thinking Skills
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Beaudoin-Ryan, Leanne; Goldin-Meadow, Susan – Developmental Science, 2014
Stem-cell research. Euthanasia. Personhood. Marriage equality. School shootings. Gun control. Death penalty. Ethical dilemmas regularly spark fierce debate about the underlying moral fabric of societies. How do we prepare today's children to be fully informed and thoughtful citizens, capable of moral and ethical decisions? Current approaches…
Descriptors: Ethical Instruction, Thinking Skills, Logical Thinking, Nonverbal Communication
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Kaushanskaya, Margarita; Gross, Megan; Buac, Milijana – Developmental Science, 2014
We examined the effects of classroom bilingual experience in children on an array of cognitive skills. Monolingual English-speaking children were compared with children who spoke English as the native language and who had been exposed to Spanish in the context of dual-immersion schooling for an average of 2 years. The groups were compared on a…
Descriptors: Native Speakers, English, Spanish Speaking, Bilingualism
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Rouder, Jeffrey N.; Geary, David C. – Developmental Science, 2014
Learning of the mathematical number line has been hypothesized to be dependent on an inherent sense of approximate quantity. Children's number line placements are predicted to conform to the underlying properties of this system; specifically, placements are exaggerated for small numerals and compressed for larger ones. Alternative hypotheses…
Descriptors: Numbers, Number Concepts, Cognitive Development, Child Development
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Kloos, Heidi; Sloutsky, Vladimir M. – Developmental Science, 2013
The current study investigates the degree to which preschoolers can engage in causal inferences in a blocking paradigm, a paradigm in which a cue is consistently linked with a target, either alone (A-T) or paired with another cue (AB-T). Unlike previous blocking studies with preschoolers, we manipulated the causal structure of the events without…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Inferences, Cues, Adults
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Ferrer, Emilio; Whitaker, Kirstie J.; Steele, Joel S.; Green, Chloe T.; Wendelken, Carter; Bunge, Silvia A. – Developmental Science, 2013
The structure of the human brain changes in several ways throughout childhood and adolescence. Perhaps the most salient of these changes is the strengthening of white matter tracts that enable distal brain regions to communicate with one another more quickly and efficiently. Here, we sought to understand whether and how white matter changes…
Descriptors: Brain, Psychometrics, Diagnostic Tests, Cognitive Ability
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