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Showing 1 to 15 of 293 results Save | Export
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Panda, Erin J.; Emami, Zahra; Valiante, Taufik A.; Pang, Elizabeth W. – Developmental Science, 2021
As we listen to speech, our ability to understand what was said requires us to retrieve and bind together individual word meanings into a coherent discourse representation. This so-called semantic unification is a fundamental cognitive skill, and its development relies on the integration of neural activity throughout widely distributed functional…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Cognitive Processes, Semantics, Individual Differences
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François, Clément; Rodriguez-Fornells, Antoni; Teixidó, Maria; Agut, Thaïs; Bosch, Laura – Developmental Science, 2021
Recent findings have revealed that very preterm neonates already show the typical brain responses to place of articulation changes in stop consonants, but data on their sensitivity to other types of phonetic changes remain scarce. Here, we examined the impact of 7-8 weeks of extra-uterine life on the automatic processing of syllables in 20 healthy…
Descriptors: Premature Infants, Brain, Responses, Auditory Stimuli
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Vandermosten, Maaike; Correia, Joao; Vanderauwera, Jolijn; Wouters, Jan; Ghesquière, Pol; Bonte, Milene – Developmental Science, 2020
There is an ongoing debate whether phonological deficits in dyslexics should be attributed to (a) less specified representations of speech sounds, like suggested by studies in young children with a familial risk for dyslexia, or (b) to an impaired access to these phonemic representations, as suggested by studies in adults with dyslexia. These…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Diagnostic Tests, Genetics, Dyslexia
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Brod, Garvin; Breitwieser, Jasmin; Hasselhorn, Marcus; Bunge, Silvia A. – Developmental Science, 2020
This study investigated whether prompting children to generate predictions about an outcome facilitates activation of prior knowledge and improves belief revision. 51 children aged 9-12 were tested on two experimental tasks in which generating a prediction was compared to closely matched control conditions, as well as on a test of executive…
Descriptors: Prior Learning, Preadolescents, Executive Function, Cognitive Ability
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Ferrand, Ludovic; Ducrot, Stéphanie; Chausse, Pierre; Maïonchi-Pino, Norbert; O'Connor, Richard J.; Parris, Benjamin A.; Perret, Patrick; Riggs, Kevin J.; Augustinova, Maria – Developmental Science, 2020
Only one previous developmental study of Stroop task performance (Schiller, 1966) has controlled for differences in processing speed that exist both within and between age groups. Therefore, the question of whether the early developmental change in the magnitude of Stroop interference actually persists after controlling for processing speed needs…
Descriptors: Interference (Learning), Age Differences, Individual Development, Cognitive Processes
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Filippi, Courtney; Choi, Yeo Bi; Fox, Nathan A.; Woodward, Amanda L. – Developmental Science, 2020
The mechanisms that support infant action processing are thought to be involved in the development of later social cognition. While a growing body of research demonstrates longitudinal links between action processing and explicit theory of mind (TOM), it remains unclear why this link emerges in some measures of action encoding and not others. In…
Descriptors: Infants, Theory of Mind, Cognitive Processes, Preschool Children
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Hutchison, Jane E.; Ansari, Daniel; Zheng, Samuel; De Jesus, Stefanie; Lyons, Ian M. – Developmental Science, 2020
A long-standing debate in the field of numerical cognition concerns the degree to which symbolic and non-symbolic processing are related over the course of development. Of particular interest is the possibility that this link depends on the range of quantities in question. Behavioral and neuroimaging research with adults suggests that symbolic and…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Numbers, Cognitive Processes, Young Children
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Liberman, Zoe; Gerdin, Emily; Kinzler, Katherine D.; Shaw, Alex – Developmental Science, 2020
Socially savvy individuals track what they know and what other people likely know, and they use this information to navigate the social world. We examine whether children expect people to have shared knowledge based on their social relationships (e.g., expecting friends to know each other's secrets, expecting members of the same cultural group to…
Descriptors: Children, Interpersonal Relationship, Logical Thinking, Age Differences
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Ríos-López, Paula; Molinaro, Nicola; Bourguignon, Mathieu; Lallier, Marie – Developmental Science, 2020
Recent neurophysiological theories propose that the cerebral hemispheres collaborate to resolve the complex temporal nature of speech, such that left-hemisphere (or bilateral) gamma-band oscillatory activity would specialize in coding information at fast rates (phonemic information), whereas right-hemisphere delta- and theta-band activity would…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Perceptual Development, Speech, Cognitive Processes
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Wijeakumar, Sobanawartiny; Kumar, Aarti; Delgado Reyes, Lourdes M.; Tiwari, Madhuri; Spencer, John P. – Developmental Science, 2019
There is a growing need to understand the global impact of poverty on early brain and behavioural development, particularly with regard to key cognitive processes that emerge in early development. Although the impact of adversity on brain development can trap children in an intergenerational cycle of poverty, the massive potential for brain…
Descriptors: Rural Areas, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Poverty, Correlation
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Di Giorgio, Elisa; Lunghi, Marco; Rugani, Rosa; Regolin, Lucia; Dalla Barba, Beatrice; Vallortigara, Giorgio; Simion, Francesca – Developmental Science, 2019
Humans represent numbers on a mental number line with smaller numbers on the left and larger numbers on the right side. A left-to-right oriented spatial-numerical association, (SNA), has been demonstrated in animals and infants. However, the possibility that SNA is learnt by early exposure to caregivers' directional biases is still open. We…
Descriptors: Numbers, Cognitive Processes, Spatial Ability, Neonates
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Hirai, Masahiro; Kanakogi, Yasuhiro – Developmental Science, 2019
The theory of natural pedagogy has proposed that infants can use ostensive signals, including eye contact, infant-directed speech, and contingency to learn from others. However, the role of bodily gestures, such as hand-waving, in social learning has been largely ignored. To address this gap in the literature, this study sought to determine…
Descriptors: Nonverbal Communication, Teaching Methods, Infants, Infant Behavior
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Comishen, Kyle J.; Bialystok, Ellen; Adler, Scott A. – Developmental Science, 2019
Bilingualism has been observed to influence cognitive processing across the lifespan but whether bilingual environments have an effect on selective attention and attention strategies in infancy remains an unresolved question. In Study 1, infants exposed to monolingual or bilingual environments participated in an eye-tracking cueing task in which…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Infants, Monolingualism, Eye Movements
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Grzyb, Beata J.; Nagai, Yukie; Asada, Minoru; Cattani, Allegra; Floccia, Caroline; Cangelosi, Angelo – Developmental Science, 2019
Young children sometimes attempt an action on an object, which is inappropriate because of the object size--they make scale errors. Existing theories suggest that scale errors may result from immaturities in children's action planning system, which might be overpowered by increased complexity of object representations or developing teleofunctional…
Descriptors: Error Patterns, Young Children, Cognitive Processes, Semantics
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Fecher, Natalie; Johnson, Elizabeth K. – Developmental Science, 2019
Bilingual and monolingual infants differ in how they process linguistic aspects of the speech signal. But do they also differ in how they process non-linguistic aspects of speech, such as who is talking? Here, we addressed this question by testing Canadian monolingual and bilingual 9-month-olds on their ability to learn to identify native…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Monolingualism, Infants, Speech Communication
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