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Showing 1 to 15 of 41 results Save | Export
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Johnson, Blake; Jobst, Cecilia; Al-Loos, Rita; He, Wei; Cheyne, Douglas – Developmental Science, 2020
In a previous study, we reported the first measurements of pre-movement and sensorimotor cortex activity in preschool age children (ages 3-5 years) using a customized pediatric magnetoencephalographic system. Movement-related activity in the sensorimotor cortex differed from that typically observed in adults, suggesting that maturation of cortical…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Preschool Children, Diagnostic Tests
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Adam, Nicolas; Blaye, Agnès; Gulbinaite, Rasa; Delorme, Arnaud; Farrer, Chloé – Developmental Science, 2020
The development of cognitive control enables children to better resist acting based on distracting information that interferes with the current action. Cognitive control improvement serves different functions that differ in part by the type of interference to resolve. Indeed, resisting to interference at the task-set level or at the…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Inhibition, Cognitive Ability
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Obradovic, Jelena; Finch, Jenna E.; Portilla, Ximena A.; Rasheed, Muneera A.; Tirado-Strayer, Nicole; Yousafzai, Aisha K. – Developmental Science, 2019
This study extends the methodological and theoretical understanding of executive functions (EFs) in preschoolers from low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). First, the authors describe a rigorous process of adapting and evaluating six EF tasks to produce a culturally and developmentally appropriate measure of emerging EFs in a large sample of…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Low Income, Task Analysis, Child Development
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Gilligan, Katie A.; Hodgkiss, Alex; Thomas, Michael S. C.; Farran, Emily K. – Developmental Science, 2019
Spatial thinking is an important predictor of mathematics. However, existing data do not determine whether all spatial sub-domains are equally important for mathematics outcomes nor whether mathematics-spatial associations vary through development. This study addresses these questions by exploring the developmental relations between mathematics…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Predictor Variables, Mathematics Skills, Elementary School Students
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Wu, Jiamin; Chan, John S. Y.; Yan, Jin H. – Developmental Science, 2019
We examined the developmental differences in motor control and learning of a two-segment movement. One hundred and five participants (53 female) were divided into three age groups (7-8 years, 9-10 years and 19-27 years). They performed a two-segment movement task in four conditions (full vision, fully disturbed vision, disturbed vision in the…
Descriptors: Motor Development, Elementary School Students, Task Analysis, Accuracy
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Schneider, Julie M.; Maguire, Mandy J. – Developmental Science, 2019
School-aged and adolescent children continue to demonstrate improvements in how they integrate and comprehend real-time, auditory language over this developmental time period, which can have important implications for academic and social success. To better understand developmental changes in the neural processes engaged during language…
Descriptors: Semantics, Syntax, Language Processing, Error Patterns
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Jones, Pete R.; Dekker, Tessa M. – Developmental Science, 2018
The mature visual system condenses complex scenes into simple summary statistics (e.g., average size, location, orientation, etc.). However, children, often perform poorly on perceptual averaging tasks. Children's difficulties are typically thought to represent the suboptimal implementation of an adult-like strategy. This paper examines another…
Descriptors: Statistics, Task Analysis, Children, Correlation
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Morey, Candice C.; Mareva, Silvana; Lelonkiewicz, Jaroslaw R.; Chevalier, Nicolas – Developmental Science, 2018
The emergence of strategic verbal rehearsal at around 7 years of age is widely considered a major milestone in descriptions of the development of short-term memory across childhood. Likewise, rehearsal is believed by many to be a crucial factor in explaining why memory improves with age. This apparent qualitative shift in mnemonic processes has…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Mnemonics, Child Development, Qualitative Research
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Raviv, Limor; Arnon, Inbal – Developmental Science, 2018
Infants, children and adults are capable of extracting recurring patterns from their environment through statistical learning (SL), an implicit learning mechanism that is considered to have an important role in language acquisition. Research over the past 20 years has shown that SL is present from very early infancy and found in a variety of tasks…
Descriptors: Child Development, Age Differences, Learning Processes, Children
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Lee, Mei-Hua; Farshchiansadegh, Ali; Ranganathan, Rajiv – Developmental Science, 2018
Examining age differences in motor learning using real-world tasks is often problematic due to task novelty and biomechanical confounds. Here, we investigated how children and adults acquire a novel motor skill in a virtual environment. Participants of three different age groups (9-year-olds, 12-year-olds, and adults) learned to use their upper…
Descriptors: Children, Preadolescents, Adults, Psychomotor Skills
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Negen, James; Heywood-Everett, Edward; Roome, Hannah E.; Nardini, Marko – Developmental Science, 2018
Using landmarks and other scene features to recall locations from new viewpoints is a critical skill in spatial cognition. In an immersive virtual reality task, we asked children 3.5-4.5 years old to remember the location of a target using various cues. On some trials they could use information from their own self-motion. On some trials they could…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Recall (Psychology), Age Differences, Task Analysis
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Lourenco, Stella F.; Bonny, Justin W. – Developmental Science, 2017
A growing body of evidence suggests that non-symbolic representations of number, which humans share with nonhuman animals, are functionally related to uniquely human mathematical thought. Other research suggesting that numerical and non-numerical magnitudes not only share analog format but also form part of a general magnitude system raises…
Descriptors: Mathematics Skills, Skill Development, Correlation, Task Analysis
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Ross, Josephine; Melinger, Alissa – Developmental Science, 2017
When bilinguals speak, both fluent language systems become activated in parallel and exert an influence on speech production. As a consequence of maintaining separation between the two linguistic systems, bilinguals are purported to develop enhanced executive control functioning. Like bilinguals, individuals who speak two dialects must also…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Control Groups, Monolingualism, Executive Function
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Murphy, Jeremy W.; Foxe, John J.; Molholm, Sophie – Developmental Science, 2016
The ability to attend to one among multiple sources of information is central to everyday functioning. Just as central is the ability to switch attention among competing inputs as the task at hand changes. Such processes develop surprisingly slowly, such that even into adolescence, we remain slower and more error prone at switching among tasks…
Descriptors: Attention Control, Executive Function, Physiology, Brain
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Fernald, Anne; Marchman, Virginia A.; Weisleder, Adriana – Developmental Science, 2013
This research revealed both similarities and striking differences in early language proficiency among infants from a broad range of advantaged and disadvantaged families. English-learning infants ("n" = 48) were followed longitudinally from 18 to 24 months, using real-time measures of spoken language processing. The first goal was to…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Language Acquisition, Language Processing, Infants
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