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Showing 1 to 15 of 298 results Save | Export
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Bettle, Rosemary; Rosati, Alexandra G. – Developmental Science, 2021
The natural pedagogy hypothesis proposes that human infants preferentially attend to communicative signals from others, facilitating rapid cultural learning. In this view, sensitivity to such signals is a uniquely human adaptation and as such nonhuman animals should not produce or utilize these communicative signals. We test these evolutionary…
Descriptors: Animals, Attention, Cues, Communication (Thought Transfer)
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Zuk, Jennifer; Dunstan, Jade; Norton, Elizabeth; Yu, Xi; Ozernov-Palchik, Ola; Wang, Yingying; Hogan, Tiffany P.; Gabrieli, John D. E.; Gaab, Nadine – Developmental Science, 2021
Recent efforts have focused on screening methods to identify children at risk for dyslexia as early as preschool/kindergarten. Unfortunately, while low sensitivity leads to under-identification of at-risk children, low "specificity" can lead to over-identification, resulting in inaccurate allocation of limited educational resources. The…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, At Risk Persons, Screening Tests, Preschool Children
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Gard, Arianna M.; Maxwell, Andrea M.; Shaw, Daniel S.; Mitchell, Colter; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; McLanahan, Sara S.; Forbes, Erika E.; Monk, Christopher S.; Hyde, Luke W. – Developmental Science, 2021
A growing literature suggests that adversity is associated with later altered brain function, particularly within the corticolimbic system that supports emotion processing and salience detection (e.g., amygdala, prefrontal cortex [PFC]). Although neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantage has been shown to predict maladaptive behavioral outcomes,…
Descriptors: Brain, Disadvantaged Environment, Neighborhoods, Individual Development
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Gonzalez-Gomez, Nayeli; O'Brien, Frances; Harris, Margaret – Developmental Science, 2021
There is evidence showing that both maturational and environmental factors can impact on later language development. On the one hand, preterm birth has been found to increase the risk of deficits in the preschool and school years. Preterm children show poorer auditory discrimination, reading difficulties, poor vocabulary, less complex expressive…
Descriptors: Premature Infants, At Risk Persons, Socioeconomic Status, Socioeconomic Influences
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Palmis, Sarah; Velay, Jean-Luc; Habib, Michel; Anton, Jean-Luc; Nazarian, Bruno; Sein, Julien; Longcamp, Marieke – Developmental Science, 2021
While the brain network supporting handwriting has previously been defined in adults, its organization in children has never been investigated. We compared the handwriting network of 23 adults and 42 children (8- to 11-year-old). Participants were instructed to write the alphabet, the days of the week, and to draw loops while being scanned. The…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Handwriting, Children, Preadolescents
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Machlin, Laura; McLaughlin, Katie A.; Sheridan, Margaret A. – Developmental Science, 2020
Low socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with greater risk for symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). One mechanism through which SES may confer risk for ADHD is by influencing brain structure. Alterations to cortical thickness, surface area and subcortical volume have been associated with low SES and with the presence of…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Socioeconomic Influences, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Brain
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Richardson, Hilary; Saxe, Rebecca – Developmental Science, 2020
When we watch movies, we consider the characters' mental states in order to understand and predict the narrative. Recent work in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) uses movie-viewing paradigms to measure functional responses in brain regions recruited for such mental state reasoning (the theory of mind ["ToM"] network). Here,…
Descriptors: Theory of Mind, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Preschool Children, Child Development
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Kubota, Maki; Chevalier, Nicolas; Sorace, Antonella – Developmental Science, 2020
This longitudinal study investigates whether the development in executive control and bilingual experience predicts change in language control in bilingual children. Children were tested twice over the course of 1 year, using the language-switching paradigm and the Simon task. The participants were Japanese-English bilingual "returnee"…
Descriptors: Self Control, Executive Function, Bilingualism, Language Usage
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Testolin, Alberto; Zou, Will Y.; McClelland, James L. – Developmental Science, 2020
Both humans and non-human animals exhibit sensitivity to the approximate number of items in a visual array, as indexed by their performance in numerosity discrimination tasks, and even neonates can detect changes in numerosity. These findings are often interpreted as evidence for an innate 'number sense'. However, recent simulation work has…
Descriptors: Numbers, Brain, Individual Development, Age Differences
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Johnson, Blake; Jobst, Cecilia; Al-Loos, Rita; He, Wei; Cheyne, Douglas – Developmental Science, 2020
In a previous study, we reported the first measurements of pre-movement and sensorimotor cortex activity in preschool age children (ages 3-5 years) using a customized pediatric magnetoencephalographic system. Movement-related activity in the sensorimotor cortex differed from that typically observed in adults, suggesting that maturation of cortical…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Preschool Children, Diagnostic Tests
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Adam, Nicolas; Blaye, Agnès; Gulbinaite, Rasa; Delorme, Arnaud; Farrer, Chloé – Developmental Science, 2020
The development of cognitive control enables children to better resist acting based on distracting information that interferes with the current action. Cognitive control improvement serves different functions that differ in part by the type of interference to resolve. Indeed, resisting to interference at the task-set level or at the…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Inhibition, Cognitive Ability
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Vinci-Booher, Sophia; James, Karin H. – Developmental Science, 2020
Letter production through handwriting creates visual experiences that may be important for the development of visual letter perception. We sought to better understand the neural responses to different visual percepts created during handwriting at different levels of experience. Three groups of participants, younger children, older children, and…
Descriptors: Alphabets, Handwriting, Visual Perception, Brain Hemisphere Functions
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Ferrand, Ludovic; Ducrot, Stéphanie; Chausse, Pierre; Maïonchi-Pino, Norbert; O'Connor, Richard J.; Parris, Benjamin A.; Perret, Patrick; Riggs, Kevin J.; Augustinova, Maria – Developmental Science, 2020
Only one previous developmental study of Stroop task performance (Schiller, 1966) has controlled for differences in processing speed that exist both within and between age groups. Therefore, the question of whether the early developmental change in the magnitude of Stroop interference actually persists after controlling for processing speed needs…
Descriptors: Interference (Learning), Age Differences, Individual Development, Cognitive Processes
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Delalande, Lisa; Moyon, Marine; Tissier, Cloélia; Dorriere, Valérie; Guillois, Bernard; Mevell, Katel; Charron, Sylvain; Salvia, Emilie; Poirel, Nicolas; Vidal, Julie; Lion, Stéphanie; Oppenheim, Catherine; Houdé, Olivier; Cachia, Arnaud; Borst, Grégoire – Developmental Science, 2020
A number of training interventions have been designed to improve executive functions and inhibitory control (IC) across the lifespan. Surprisingly, no study has investigated the structural neuroplasticity induced by IC training from childhood to late adolescence, a developmental period characterized by IC efficiency improvement and protracted…
Descriptors: Intervention, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Executive Function, Inhibition
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Liberman, Zoe; Gerdin, Emily; Kinzler, Katherine D.; Shaw, Alex – Developmental Science, 2020
Socially savvy individuals track what they know and what other people likely know, and they use this information to navigate the social world. We examine whether children expect people to have shared knowledge based on their social relationships (e.g., expecting friends to know each other's secrets, expecting members of the same cultural group to…
Descriptors: Children, Interpersonal Relationship, Logical Thinking, Age Differences
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