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Frankenhuis, Willem E.; de Vries, Sarah A.; Bianchi, JeanMarie; Ellis, Bruce J. – Developmental Science, 2020
Although growing up in stressful conditions can undermine mental abilities, people in harsh environments may develop intact, or even "enhanced," social and cognitive abilities for solving problems in high-adversity contexts (i.e. 'hidden talents'). We examine whether childhood and current exposure to violence are associated with memory…
Descriptors: Memory, Thinking Skills, Social Development, Cognitive Development
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Pellizzoni, Sandra; Apuzzo, Gian Matteo; De Vita, Chiara; Agostini, Tiziano; Passolunghi, Maria Chiara – Developmental Science, 2019
Executive Functions (EFs) development is critically affected by stress and trauma, as well as the socioeconomic context in which children grow up (Welsh, Nix, Blair, Bierman, & Nelson, 2010, Journal of Educational Psychology, 102, 43-53). Research in this field is surprisingly lacking in relation to war contexts. This study represents a first…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Minority Groups, Stress Variables, Trauma
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Coch, Donna – Developmental Science, 2015
While behavioral and educational data characterize a fourth grade shift in reading development, neuroscience evidence is relatively lacking. We used the N400 component of the event-related potential waveform to investigate the development of single word processing across the upper elementary years, in comparison to adult readers. We presented…
Descriptors: Reading, Grade 4, Elementary School Students, Brain
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Perea, Manuel; Mallouh, Reem Abu; Carreiras, Manuel – Developmental Science, 2013
A commonly shared assumption in the field of visual-word recognition is that retinotopic representations are rapidly converted into abstract representations. Here we examine the role of visual form vs. abstract representations during the early stages of word processing--as measured by masked priming--in young children (3rd and 6th Graders) and…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Adults, Word Recognition, Language Processing
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Thomas, Laura A.; Hall, Julie M.; Skup, Martha; Jenkins, Sarah E.; Pine, Daniel S.; Leibenluft, Ellen – Developmental Science, 2011
This neuroimaging study examines the development of cognitive flexibility using the Change task in a sample of youths and adults. The Change task requires subjects to inhibit a prepotent response and substitute an alternative response, and the task incorporates an algorithm that adjusts task difficulty in response to subject performance. Data from…
Descriptors: Change, Models, Neurological Organization, Inhibition