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Erbeli, Florina; Shi, Qinxin; Campbell, Aaron R.; Hart, Sara A.; Woltering, Steven – Developmental Science, 2021
Reading and math attainment develop during elementary grades. Questions remain, though, about the co-developmental nature of the relation between reading and math. This study examined dynamic, longitudinal pathways between reading and math in first through fourth grades. Participants of the study were 554 academically at-risk children…
Descriptors: Reading Achievement, Mathematics Achievement, Elementary School Students, At Risk Students
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Caviola, Sara; Colling, Lincoln J.; Mammarella, Irene C.; Szucs, Dénes – Developmental Science, 2020
We determined the relative importance of the so-called approximate number system (ANS), symbolic number comparison (SNC) and verbal and spatial short-term and working memory (WM) capacity for mathematics achievement in 1,254 Grade 2, 4 and 6 children. The large sample size assured high power and low false report probability and allowed us to…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Number Systems, Short Term Memory, Mathematics Achievement
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Lyons, Ian M.; Price, Gavin R.; Vaessen, Anniek; Blomert, Leo; Ansari, Daniel – Developmental Science, 2014
Math relies on mastery and integration of a wide range of simpler numerical processes and concepts. Recent work has identified several numerical competencies that predict variation in math ability. We examined the unique relations between eight basic numerical skills and early arithmetic ability in a large sample (N = 1391) of children across…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Grade 2
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Prado, Jérôme; Mutreja, Rachna; Booth, James R. – Developmental Science, 2014
Mastering single-digit arithmetic during school years is commonly thought to depend upon an increasing reliance on verbally memorized facts. An alternative model, however, posits that fluency in single-digit arithmetic might also be achieved via the increasing use of efficient calculation procedures. To test between these hypotheses, we used a…
Descriptors: Hypothesis Testing, Numeracy, Arithmetic, Computation
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Danovitch, Judith H.; Keil, Frank C. – Developmental Science, 2008
Three experiments investigated whether children in grades K, 2, and 4 (n = 144) view emotional comprehension as important in solving moral dilemmas. The experiments asked whether a human or an artificially intelligent machine would be best at solving different types of problems, ranging from moral and emotional to nonmoral and pragmatic. In…
Descriptors: Moral Issues, Moral Values, Psychological Patterns, Emotional Response