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Erbeli, Florina; Shi, Qinxin; Campbell, Aaron R.; Hart, Sara A.; Woltering, Steven – Developmental Science, 2021
Reading and math attainment develop during elementary grades. Questions remain, though, about the co-developmental nature of the relation between reading and math. This study examined dynamic, longitudinal pathways between reading and math in first through fourth grades. Participants of the study were 554 academically at-risk children…
Descriptors: Reading Achievement, Mathematics Achievement, Elementary School Students, At Risk Students
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Caviola, Sara; Colling, Lincoln J.; Mammarella, Irene C.; Szucs, Dénes – Developmental Science, 2020
We determined the relative importance of the so-called approximate number system (ANS), symbolic number comparison (SNC) and verbal and spatial short-term and working memory (WM) capacity for mathematics achievement in 1,254 Grade 2, 4 and 6 children. The large sample size assured high power and low false report probability and allowed us to…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Number Systems, Short Term Memory, Mathematics Achievement
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Coch, Donna – Developmental Science, 2015
While behavioral and educational data characterize a fourth grade shift in reading development, neuroscience evidence is relatively lacking. We used the N400 component of the event-related potential waveform to investigate the development of single word processing across the upper elementary years, in comparison to adult readers. We presented…
Descriptors: Reading, Grade 4, Elementary School Students, Brain
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Lyons, Ian M.; Price, Gavin R.; Vaessen, Anniek; Blomert, Leo; Ansari, Daniel – Developmental Science, 2014
Math relies on mastery and integration of a wide range of simpler numerical processes and concepts. Recent work has identified several numerical competencies that predict variation in math ability. We examined the unique relations between eight basic numerical skills and early arithmetic ability in a large sample (N = 1391) of children across…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Grade 2