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Ferrand, Ludovic; Ducrot, Stéphanie; Chausse, Pierre; Maïonchi-Pino, Norbert; O'Connor, Richard J.; Parris, Benjamin A.; Perret, Patrick; Riggs, Kevin J.; Augustinova, Maria – Developmental Science, 2020
Only one previous developmental study of Stroop task performance (Schiller, 1966) has controlled for differences in processing speed that exist both within and between age groups. Therefore, the question of whether the early developmental change in the magnitude of Stroop interference actually persists after controlling for processing speed needs…
Descriptors: Interference (Learning), Age Differences, Individual Development, Cognitive Processes
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Hutchison, Jane E.; Ansari, Daniel; Zheng, Samuel; De Jesus, Stefanie; Lyons, Ian M. – Developmental Science, 2020
A long-standing debate in the field of numerical cognition concerns the degree to which symbolic and non-symbolic processing are related over the course of development. Of particular interest is the possibility that this link depends on the range of quantities in question. Behavioral and neuroimaging research with adults suggests that symbolic and…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Numbers, Cognitive Processes, Young Children
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Nakajima, Nozomi; Jung, Haeil; Pradhan, Menno; Hasan, Amer; Kinnell, Angela; Brinkman, Sally – Developmental Science, 2020
This paper examines the magnitude and source of gender gaps in cognitive and social-emotional skills in early primary grades in rural Indonesia. Relative to boys, girls score more than 0.17 "SD" higher in tests of language and mathematics (cognitive skills) and between 0.18 and 0.27 "SD" higher in measures of social competence…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Cognitive Ability, Interpersonal Competence, Elementary School Students
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Johnson, Blake; Jobst, Cecilia; Al-Loos, Rita; He, Wei; Cheyne, Douglas – Developmental Science, 2020
In a previous study, we reported the first measurements of pre-movement and sensorimotor cortex activity in preschool age children (ages 3-5 years) using a customized pediatric magnetoencephalographic system. Movement-related activity in the sensorimotor cortex differed from that typically observed in adults, suggesting that maturation of cortical…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Preschool Children, Diagnostic Tests
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Adam, Nicolas; Blaye, Agnès; Gulbinaite, Rasa; Delorme, Arnaud; Farrer, Chloé – Developmental Science, 2020
The development of cognitive control enables children to better resist acting based on distracting information that interferes with the current action. Cognitive control improvement serves different functions that differ in part by the type of interference to resolve. Indeed, resisting to interference at the task-set level or at the…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Inhibition, Cognitive Ability
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Ramani, Geetha B.; Daubert, Emily N.; Lin, Grace C.; Kamarsu, Snigdha; Wodzinski, Alaina; Jaeggi, Susanne M. – Developmental Science, 2020
Sources that contribute to variation in mathematical achievement include both numerical knowledge and general underlying cognitive processing abilities. The current study tested the benefits of tablet-based training games that targeted each of these areas for improving the mathematical knowledge of kindergarten-age children. We hypothesized that…
Descriptors: Educational Games, Mathematics Education, Number Concepts, Short Term Memory
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Cheng, Dazhi; Xiao, Qing; Cui, Jiaxin; Chen, Chuansheng; Zeng, Jieying; Chen, Qian; Zhou, Xinlin – Developmental Science, 2020
Studies have shown that numerosity-based arithmetic training can promote arithmetic learning in typically developing children as well as children with developmental dyscalculia (DD), but the cognitive mechanism underlying this training effect remains unclear. The main aim of the current study was to examine the role of visual form perception in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Short Term Memory, Mathematics Education, Arithmetic
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Johann, Verena E.; Karbach, Julia – Developmental Science, 2020
Several studies indicate that executive functions (EF), such as working memory (WM), inhibition or flexibility can be improved by training and that these training-related benefits in WM capacity generalize to reading and mathematical abilities. However, the results of these studies are inconsistent and most of them focused on WM training in…
Descriptors: Game Based Learning, Cognitive Ability, Academic Ability, Elementary School Students
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Azaryahu, Libby; Courey, Susan Joan; Elkoshi, Rivka; Adi-Japha, Esther – Developmental Science, 2020
Music and mathematics require abstract thinking and using symbolic notations. Controversy exists regarding transfer from musical training to math achievements. The current study examined the effect of two integrated intervention programs representing holistic versus acoustic approaches, on fraction knowledge. Three classes of fourth graders…
Descriptors: Music Education, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Achievement, Holistic Approach
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Hulme, Charles; Zhou, Lulin; Tong, Xiuli; Lervåg, Arne; Burgoyne, Kelly – Developmental Science, 2019
This study investigates the longitudinal predictors of the development of Chinese word reading skills and potential bidirectional relationships between Chinese word reading and oral language skills. We examine, in a 2-year longitudinal study, a wide range of theoretically important predictors (phonological awareness, tone awareness, morphological…
Descriptors: Mandarin Chinese, Longitudinal Studies, Predictor Variables, Oral Language
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Murray, Aja Louise; Booth, Tom; Eisner, Manuel; Auyeung, Bonnie; Murray, George; Ribeaud, Denis – Developmental Science, 2019
Previous studies have hinted at sex differences in developmental trajectories in ADHD symptoms; however, little is known about the nature or cause of these differences and their implications for clinical practice. We used growth mixture modelling in a community-ascertained cohort of n = 1,571 participants to study sex differences in ADHD symptom…
Descriptors: Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Gender Differences, Conceptual Tempo
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Grossheinrich, Nicola; Schulte-Körne, Gerd; Marschik, Peter B; Kademann, Stefanie; von Suchodoletz, Waldemar; Sachse, Steffi – Developmental Science, 2019
Background: Early intervention for children identified as late talkers (LTs) at the age of 24 months is still a controversial issue in research and clinical routine. Previous studies have shown inconsistent results regarding predictors of early lexical deficits on school-age outcomes of late-talking toddlers. Methods: In a five-wave follow-up…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Child Language, Delayed Speech, Verbal Development
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Younger, Jessica W.; Lee, Keun-Woo; Demir-Lira, Ozlem E.; Booth, James R. – Developmental Science, 2019
Socioeconomic status (SES) has been shown to influence language skills, with children of lower SES backgrounds performing worse on language assessments compared to their higher SES peers. While there is abundant behavioral research on the effects of SES, whether there are differences in the neural mechanisms used to support language skill is less…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Phonological Awareness, Language Skills, Comparative Analysis
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Gilligan, Katie A.; Hodgkiss, Alex; Thomas, Michael S. C.; Farran, Emily K. – Developmental Science, 2019
Spatial thinking is an important predictor of mathematics. However, existing data do not determine whether all spatial sub-domains are equally important for mathematics outcomes nor whether mathematics-spatial associations vary through development. This study addresses these questions by exploring the developmental relations between mathematics…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Predictor Variables, Mathematics Skills, Elementary School Students
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Tikhomirova, Tatiana; Kuzmina, Yulia; Lysenkova, Irina; Malykh, Sergey – Developmental Science, 2019
In recent years, there has been growing interest among researchers in exploring approximate number sense (ANS)--the ability to estimate and discriminate quantities without the use of symbols. Despite the growing number of studies on ANS, there have been no cross-cultural longitudinal studies to estimate both the development of ANS and the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Cross Cultural Studies, Longitudinal Studies, Elementary Schools
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