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Showing 1 to 15 of 123 results Save | Export
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Ferrand, Ludovic; Ducrot, Stéphanie; Chausse, Pierre; Maïonchi-Pino, Norbert; O'Connor, Richard J.; Parris, Benjamin A.; Perret, Patrick; Riggs, Kevin J.; Augustinova, Maria – Developmental Science, 2020
Only one previous developmental study of Stroop task performance (Schiller, 1966) has controlled for differences in processing speed that exist both within and between age groups. Therefore, the question of whether the early developmental change in the magnitude of Stroop interference actually persists after controlling for processing speed needs…
Descriptors: Interference (Learning), Age Differences, Individual Development, Cognitive Processes
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Hutchison, Jane E.; Ansari, Daniel; Zheng, Samuel; De Jesus, Stefanie; Lyons, Ian M. – Developmental Science, 2020
A long-standing debate in the field of numerical cognition concerns the degree to which symbolic and non-symbolic processing are related over the course of development. Of particular interest is the possibility that this link depends on the range of quantities in question. Behavioral and neuroimaging research with adults suggests that symbolic and…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Numbers, Cognitive Processes, Young Children
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Zhao, Li; Chen, Lulu; Sun, Wenjin; Compton, Brian J.; Lee, Kang; Heyman, Gail D. – Developmental Science, 2020
Research on moral socialization has largely focused on the role of direct communication and has almost completely ignored a potentially rich source of social influence: evaluative comments that children overhear. We examined for the first time whether overheard comments can shape children's moral behavior. Three- and 5-year-old children (N = 200)…
Descriptors: Cheating, Moral Development, Socialization, Preschool Children
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Nakajima, Nozomi; Jung, Haeil; Pradhan, Menno; Hasan, Amer; Kinnell, Angela; Brinkman, Sally – Developmental Science, 2020
This paper examines the magnitude and source of gender gaps in cognitive and social-emotional skills in early primary grades in rural Indonesia. Relative to boys, girls score more than 0.17 "SD" higher in tests of language and mathematics (cognitive skills) and between 0.18 and 0.27 "SD" higher in measures of social competence…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Cognitive Ability, Interpersonal Competence, Elementary School Students
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Ramani, Geetha B.; Daubert, Emily N.; Lin, Grace C.; Kamarsu, Snigdha; Wodzinski, Alaina; Jaeggi, Susanne M. – Developmental Science, 2020
Sources that contribute to variation in mathematical achievement include both numerical knowledge and general underlying cognitive processing abilities. The current study tested the benefits of tablet-based training games that targeted each of these areas for improving the mathematical knowledge of kindergarten-age children. We hypothesized that…
Descriptors: Educational Games, Mathematics Education, Number Concepts, Short Term Memory
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Mueller, Jutta L.; Friederici, Angela D.; Männel, Claudia – Developmental Science, 2019
Infants' ability to learn complex linguistic regularities from early on has been revealed by electrophysiological studies indicating that 3-month-olds, but not adults, can automatically detect non-adjacent dependencies between syllables. While different ERP responses in adults and infants suggest that both linguistic rule learning and its link to…
Descriptors: Linguistics, Auditory Discrimination, Preschool Children, Syllables
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Chernyak, Nadia; Harris, Paul L.; Cordes, Sara – Developmental Science, 2019
Recent work has documented that despite preschool-aged children's understanding of social norms surrounding sharing, they fail to share their resources equally in many contexts. Here we explored two hypotheses for this failure: an "insufficient motivation hypothesis" and an "insufficient cognitive resources hypothesis." With…
Descriptors: Moral Values, Preschool Education, Schemata (Cognition), Age Differences
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Bergelson, Elika; Amatuni, Andrei; Dailey, Shannon; Koorathota, Sharath; Tor, Shaelise – Developmental Science, 2019
Measurements of infants' quotidian experiences provide critical information about early development. However, the role of sampling methods in providing these measurements is rarely examined. Here we directly compare language input from hour-long video-recordings and daylong audio-recordings within the same group of 44 infants at 6 and 7 months. We…
Descriptors: Infants, Early Childhood Education, Comparative Analysis, Language Acquisition
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Bakker, Merel; Torbeyns, Joke; Wijns, Nore; Verschaffel, Lieven; De Smedt, Bert – Developmental Science, 2019
Numerical competencies acquired in preschool are foundational and predictive for children's later mathematical development. It remains to be determined whether there are gender differences in these early numerical competencies which could explain the often-reported gender differences in later mathematics and STEM-related abilities. Using a…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Preschool Children, Preschool Education, Numeracy
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Grossheinrich, Nicola; Schulte-Körne, Gerd; Marschik, Peter B; Kademann, Stefanie; von Suchodoletz, Waldemar; Sachse, Steffi – Developmental Science, 2019
Background: Early intervention for children identified as late talkers (LTs) at the age of 24 months is still a controversial issue in research and clinical routine. Previous studies have shown inconsistent results regarding predictors of early lexical deficits on school-age outcomes of late-talking toddlers. Methods: In a five-wave follow-up…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Child Language, Delayed Speech, Verbal Development
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Younger, Jessica W.; Lee, Keun-Woo; Demir-Lira, Ozlem E.; Booth, James R. – Developmental Science, 2019
Socioeconomic status (SES) has been shown to influence language skills, with children of lower SES backgrounds performing worse on language assessments compared to their higher SES peers. While there is abundant behavioral research on the effects of SES, whether there are differences in the neural mechanisms used to support language skill is less…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Phonological Awareness, Language Skills, Comparative Analysis
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Lin, Dan; Sun, Huilin; McBride, Catherine – Developmental Science, 2019
In this longitudinal study, we assessed 88 Hong Kong Chinese typically developing kindergarteners' Chinese character reading accuracy four times with 6-month intervals over 1.5 years with the first testing point in the fall of the second year of kindergarten (K2), during which morphological awareness, phonological awareness, orthographic…
Descriptors: Morphology (Languages), Kindergarten, Orthographic Symbols, Written Language
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Slusser, Emily; Ribner, Andrew; Shusterman, Anna – Developmental Science, 2019
Children's early math skills have been hailed as a powerful predictor of academic success. Disparities in socioeconomic context, however, also have dramatic consequences on children's learning. It is therefore critical to investigate both of these distinct contributors in order to better understand the early foundations of children's academic…
Descriptors: Mathematics Skills, Predictor Variables, Socioeconomic Status, Vocabulary
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Willoughby, Michael T.; Piper, Benjamin; Oyanga, Arbogast; Merseth King, Katherine – Developmental Science, 2019
Most of what is known about the association between children's executive function (EF) and school readiness skills is derived from research conducted in Western countries. We tested whether these associations were evident in a middle-income country context. Participants were 1,480 children, aged 4-7 years old, who participated in an endline…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Executive Function, Early Childhood Education, School Readiness
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Wolf, Sharon; Aber, J. Lawrence; Behrman, Jere R.; Peele, Morgan – Developmental Science, 2019
Preschool programs have expanded rapidly in low- and middle-income countries, but there are widespread concerns about whether they are of sufficient quality to promote children's learning and development. We conducted a large school-randomized control trial ('Quality Preschool for Ghana' -- QP4G) of a one-year teacher training and coaching…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Comparative Analysis, Foreign Countries, Educational Quality
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